HERBALTREAT: Therapeutic Effect of Herbal Infusion on Menometrorrhagia
This is an interventional, non-randomized, controlled, pilot study that explores a new approach to treat, Abnormal uterine bleeding-menometrorrhagia in women, being candidates for hysterectomy, based on tea infusion consumption of a mixture of two plants.
|Condition or Disease||Intervention/Treatment||Phase|
Menometrorrhagia is excessive uterine bleeding resulting from a combination of two different conditions, namely menorrhagia, which is heavy bleeding during the menstrual period, and metrorrhagia, when the period lasts more than seven days or when uterine bleeding exists between periods. It is defined as abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) and it is a worldwide health problem affecting 11 to 13% of the general female population in the reproductive age and increasing up to 24% in women aged 40-50 years. Conventional treatment of menometrorrhagia consists of symptomatic treatment including tranexamic acid and levonorgestrel intrauterine device. If the first-line medication fails to treat women with AUB, surgical treatment such as a hysterectomy could be necessary. However, both medical treatments and surgical procedures have different side effects, including gastrointestinal symptoms, liver disease, obesity, and thromboembolic diseases. Moreover, the hypoestrogenic state of these therapies can also lead to rapid bone demineralization and menopausal symptoms, such as vaginal dryness and hot flushes, having a negative effect on women's quality of life. Thus, because of these serious side effects, it seems logical to investigate other available sources. Such problems may be beyond the scope of herbal treatment.
Mentha pulegium is a perennial plant from the Lamiaceae family, also known as Pennyroyal, and is used in pharmaceutical and agro-alimentary industries. Artemisia abrotanum L, commonly known as Southernwood, is a small bushy shrub with small, feathery, narrow, and grey-green leaves. The genus belongs to the Asteraceae family.
A mixture of these two herbs is known as a strong emmenagogue.
The plants used in this study were collected through an ethnobotanical survey. The data on the plants' studies were collected through an internet search in: Medicinal plants mentioned in Canon www., www. Science Direct, www.pubmed.com. , www. Scopus, www.wiley.com, www. Google scholar, www. web of science, books in phytotherapy
All details with regard to :
The effect of the treatment on the menstrual cycle
Bleeding intensity measured using Pictorial Blood Assessment Chart during three consecutive menstrual treatments and the three-month follow-up.
will be collected from participants by phone
Details about the Follow-up:
Allocated to intervention :
Follow-up (Visit 2): Phone or direct contact after the end of oral administration (day 3) for clinical response evaluation.
Phone or direct contact one week after treatment Follow-up 3: Phone or direct contact after the end of oral administration (day 3) for clinical response evaluation.
Phone or direct contact one week after treatment Follow-up (Visit 4): Phone or direct contact after the end of oral administration (day 3) for clinical response evaluation.
Phone or direct contact one week after treatment VISIT 5 (closing visit)
Data entry and analysis will be performed using ( IBMV SPSS R 20.0). To test for normality and distribution of the variables. A significance level of a p-value of less than 0.05 will be considered Descriptive statistics will be used to examine the characteristics of the study population (means, standard deviation).
Comparison of the biological parameters and scores of PBAC between baseline and the end of treatment will be performed using paired t-test when variables are normally distributed and Wilcoxon signed ranks test, as a non-parametric test when variables are not normally distributed.
The sample size will be assessed according to the following formula N = (Zα/2) 2 s2 /d2, where "s" is the standard deviation (SD ).
"d" is the accuracy of the estimate. "Zα/2" is the normal deviate for a two-tailed alternative hypothesis at a level of significance.
Arms and Interventions
|Experimental: Tea infusion
The aerial parts of each plant were dried, then, they were powdered in a rotating knife grinder. The herbs were taken as tea infusion by the oral route. the powder of the mixture was added to 100 ml of boiling water and the tea infusion was taken three times a day for three consecutive days and it was repeated for three consecutive months
Dietary Supplement: Tea infusion
Herbal tea infusion will be administrated by the oral route before food
Primary Outcome Measures
- Reduce the menstrual duration in days [180 days]
the Pictorial Blood Loss Assessment Chart (PBLAC) the number of bleeding day during menstruation
- Reduce the bleeding abundance [180 days]
bleeding abundance will be measured by the Pictorial Blood Loss Assessment Chart (PBLAC) The total score is calculated by adding up the sum of all scores for the sanitary pads used in the menstrual cycle. : 1 for lightly stained, 5 for moderately soiled, and 20 for completely saturated pads. Clots were given a score of 1 for small and 5 for large clots. Abnormal PBLAC bleeding score greater than or equal to 100, which correlates with bleeding abundance, defined as greater than 80 mL of menstrual blood loss. Normal bleeding is defined as a score of 75 or less. A score of 0 indicates amenorrhea or the absence of menstruation.
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Change From Baseline in Hematocrit (Hct) Concentrations at Treatment Day 90 [180 days]
Hematocrit was measured before treatment and after 90 days at the end of treatment
- Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin Concentration at Treatment Day 90 [90 days]
Hemoglobin was measured before treatment and after 90 day A positive value indicates an increase in hemoglobin from baseline at treatment day 90
- Change From Baseline in Fibrinogen Concentration at Treatment Day 90 [90 days]
Fibrinogen Concentration was measured before treatment and after 90 day
- Change From Baseline in Prothrombin Time at Treatment Day 90 [90 days]
Prothrombin Time was measured before treatment and after 90 day
- hange From Baseline in serum Creatinine Time at Treatment Day 90 [90 days]
to detect urinary toxicity. conducted at the start of the trial and after the last infusion consumption days 90
Women failed first-line intervention to stop bleeding and planned for hysterectomy
Women between (30-50 years)
Able to understand and provide informed consent to participate in the study.
Not pregnant or lactating
Having menstrual period more than 7 days with uterine bleeding at irregular intervals.
Participants with at least one of the following criteria will not be included in the trial:
Chronic disease with long-term treatment (i.e. asthma, cardiovascular disorders..)
woman taking any standard medications for abnormal uterine bleeding
Women who have a history of gastrointestinal bleeding or ulcer
Women who have abnormal kidney function
Participants with increasing menstrual bleeding during the treatment requires surgical emergency procedures.
Those refusing the instructions or participating in other clinical trials.
Participant take other herbal treatment
- Age less than 18 years
- Healthy Volunteers
women with ovarian tumours
Contacts and Locations
|1||faculty of medicine Sousse||Sousse||Tunisia||4000|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- Faculty of Medicine, Sousse
- Centre Hôpital Universitaire Farhat Hached
- Study Director: Hedi Khairi, Pr, CHU, Farhat Hched Hospital, Faculty of medicine sousse tunisia 4000 Sousse Tunisia
- Study Director: Latifa Lassoued, Pr.Ag, CHU Farhat Hached Hospital, Faculty of medicin Sousse,4000,Sousse,Tunisia
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.
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