Vaccine Therapy in Preventing Cytomegalovirus Infection in Patients With Hematological Malignancies Undergoing Donor Stem Cell Transplant

Sponsor
City of Hope Medical Center (Other)
Overall Status
Active, not recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT01588015
Collaborator
National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH)
36
Enrollment
1
Location
2
Arms
121
Anticipated Duration (Months)
0.3
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

This randomized phase I trial studies the side effects of vaccine therapy in preventing cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in patients with hematological malignancies undergoing donor stem cell transplant. Vaccines made from a tetanus-CMV peptide or antigen may help the body build an effective immune response and prevent or delay the recurrence of CMV infection in patients undergoing donor stem cell transplant for hematological malignancies.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Biological: tetanus-CMV fusion peptide vaccine
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 1

Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To discover whether two administrations of 2.5 mg tetanus (Tet)-CMV peptide co-injected with 1 mg of PF-03512676 (tetanus-CMV fusion peptide vaccine), by subcutaneous (SC) route on days 28 and 56 post-hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) are safe and well tolerated in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) A*0201 CMV-positive recipients of allogeneic HCT.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:
  1. To measure levels of CMV-specific T cells in vaccinated compared to unvaccinated HCT recipients (control arm).

  2. To assess whether vaccination of HCT recipients with Tet-CMV co-injected with PF03512676 reduces expression of programmed death 1 (PD-1) on CMV-specific T cells.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive Tet-CMV + PF03512675 SC on days 28 and 56 post-HCT.

ARM II: Patients undergo immune monitoring only.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at days 70, 84, 100, 130, 160, and 180.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Actual Enrollment :
36 participants
Allocation:
Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Supportive Care
Official Title:
A Phase I Trial to Evaluate Safety and Immunogenicity of a Cytomegalovirus Peptide Vaccine Co-Injected With PF-03512676 Adjuvant in Recipients of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant
Actual Study Start Date :
Oct 29, 2012
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Nov 30, 2022
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Nov 30, 2022

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Arm I (vaccine therapy)

Patients receive Tet-CMV + PF03512675 SC on days 28 and 56 post-HCT.

Biological: tetanus-CMV fusion peptide vaccine
Given SC

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Active Comparator: Arm II (control)

Patients undergo immune monitoring only.

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Safety based on assessment of GVHD, graded according to the Keystone Consensus system and adverse events (AEs) based on National Cancer Institute (NCI) CTCAE version 4.03 [Up to day 180]

    GVHD, local and systemic reactogenicity, and toxicity related to the vaccine formulation will be evaluated by the study principal investigator (PI), conferring with the treating physician. AEs will be summarized for each treatment group by type (MedDRA codes within organ systems), grade, and attribution.

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. Immunogenicity evaluated by monitoring CMV-specific CD8+ T cells by multi color flow cytometric analyses [Up to day 180]

    Compare levels of CD8+ T cells binding to CMV-specific tetramers in vaccinated and unvaccinated HCT recipients by Wilcoxon rank-sum test, using integrated CMV-specific CD8+ T cells levels over the first 100 days as a numerical outcome. PD-1 expression and levels of apoptosis markers and proliferation of CMV-specific T cells immune-parameters will be compared in both arms using the Kruskall-Wallis rank-sum test.

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 75 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
No
Inclusion Criteria:
  • HLA A*0201 subtype

  • CMV seropositive

  • Able and willing to sign the informed consent form (ICF)

  • Willingness to be followed for the planned duration of the trial (6 months post-HCT)

  • Seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and active hepatitis B virus (HBV) (surface antigen negative)

  • Planned related or unrelated HCT, with 8/8 or 7/8 (A, B, C, DRB1) high resolution HLA donor allele matching

  • HCT for the treatment of hematologic cancers including, but not limited to:

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first or second remission (for acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoblastic lymphoma, the disease status needs to be in hematologic remission by bone marrow/peripheral blood; persistent lymphadenopathy on computed tomography [CT] or CT/positron emission tomography [PET] scan without progression is allowed)

  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia in first chronic or accelerated phase, or in second chronic phase

  • Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma

  • Myelodysplastic syndrome

  • Planned HCT with minimal to no-T cell depletion of graft

  • Use of contraception up to 90 days post-HCT

  • Negative pregnancy test for female recipient

  • DISEASE STATUS: Recipients to be enrolled are patients eligible for allogeneic HCT, who were diagnosed with hematologic cancers including:

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); B-precursor ALL; T cell ALL

  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute promyelocytic leukemia; treatment related AML

  • Chronic lymphoid leukemia; adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia not otherwise specified (NOS), hairy cell leukemia; prolymphocytic leukemia (B or T); T cell large granular (gran.) lymphocytic (lymph.) leukemia (leuk)

  • Chronic myeloproliferative disease (CML); chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL)/hypereosinophilic syndrome; chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis; CML - Philadelphia chromosome; essential thrombocythemia; polycythemia vera

  • Leukemia, not otherwise specified (NOS)

  • Myelodysplastic syndrome, NOS; chronic myelomonocytic leukemia

  • Hodgkin lymphoma, NOS; Hodgkin lymphoma nodular lymphocyte predominant (LP), NOS; Hodgkin lymphoma - like post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD)

  • Lymphoma, NOS

  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL); anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL), cutaneous, ALCL, systemic; Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia; cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL)/mycosis fungoides; CTCL/Sezary syndrome; diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-lymphoma; extranodal natural killer (NK)/T cell lymphoma, extranodal NK/T lymphoma nasal; follicular lymphoma; lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma mantle cell lymphoma; mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma; nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (lymph.); NHL aggressive, NOS; NHL indolent, NOS; NHL, NOS; peripheral T cell lymphoma, NOS; PTLD (monoclonal); PTLD (polyclonal); precursor (precur.) B-lymphoblastic lymphoma; precur T-lymphoblastic lymphoma; primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma; primary effusion lymphoma; small lymphocytic lymphoma, NOS

  • Myeloma, NOS; monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS); solitary plasmacytoma

  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry and for six months following duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while participating on the trial, she should inform her treating physician immediately

  • All medications, supportive care, blood products or radiation therapy taken or administered during the trial will be documented in the subject's clinical/hospital and case report form (CRF), using City of Hope (COH) guidelines; the subject's clinical information will be recorded on the appropriate CRF

  • Concurrent enrollment in other clinical trials using an investigational product is prohibited

  • The use of alemtuzumab for immunosuppression is not permitted in this study

  • Prophylactic therapy with CMV immunoglobulin or prophylactic antiviral CMV treatment is not allowed

  • Medications that might interfere with the evaluation of the investigational product should not be administered, from 30 days prior to participation on the trial and up to 14 days after the second vaccination (day 70 post-HCT); medications in this category include, but are not limited to:

  • Live attenuated vaccines

  • Medically indicated subunit (Engerix-B for HBV; Gardasil for HPV) or killed vaccines (e.g. influenza, pneumococcal, or allergy treatment with antigen injections)

  • Antiviral treatment for herpes simplex virus (HSV), human herpes virus 6 (HHV6), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and adenovirus including the use of GVC/VAL, FOS, Cidofovir, CMX-001 may also suppress reactivation of CMV, thus it will not be allowed in this study; patients requiring such treatment before randomization (day 28) will be removed from the study and replaced; reasons for removal will be reported in the patient's CRF

  • All enrolled recipients who will require anti-CMV therapy before day 28 will be replaced, treated and monitored as required by COH standard of care; GVC/VAL, FOS, Cidofovir, CMX-001 may be used according to COH standard of care (SOC) for preemptive management of CMV viremia; should antiviral treatment be required after day 28, the planned 2nd vaccine injection at day 56 will not be administered (vaccine arm only)

  • All subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:
  • A poor-risk patient, as defined by any of the following:

  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis

  • Acute myeloid leukemia beyond second remission

  • Multiple myeloma

  • Aplastic anemia

  • Planned immunosuppression with alemtuzumab or any equivalent in vivo T-cell depleting agent

  • In vitro T cell depleted graft

  • Planned prophylactic therapy with CMV immunoglobulin

  • Planned CMV prophylactic therapy

  • Experimental anti-CMV chemotherapy in the last 6 months

  • Diagnosed with autoimmune disease

  • Receipt of the following substances:

  • Any prior investigational CMV vaccine

  • Live attenuated vaccines, medically indicated subunit or killed vaccines from 30 days prior to participation in the trial and up to 14 days after the second vaccination (day 70 post-HCT)

  • Investigational research products or allergy treatment with antigens injections from 30 days prior to participation in the trial and up to 14 days after the second vaccination (day 70 post-HCT)

  • Pregnant and/or breast feeding if a female recipient

  • Refusing to use contraception up to 90 days post-HCT

  • POST-HCT STUDY-SPECIFIC EXCLUSIONS:

  • On days 28 and 56 post-HCT (immunization day for the vaccine arm) all study recipients (vaccine and observation arms) will be reviewed for eligibility and ruled ineligible to initiate or continue in the study and receive vaccination (for the vaccine arm) if:

  • Diagnosed with > grade 2 graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) before day 28 post-HCT, and diagnosed with > grade 2 GVHD between day 28 post-HCT and administration of the 2nd vaccine at day 56

  • Received steroid therapy with prednisone > 1 mg/kg/day, less than 7 days prior to injection

  • Had relapse

  • Experience graft failure (absolute neutrophil count < 500/mm^3)

  • Received antiviral treatment with GVC/VAL, FOS, Cidofovir, CMX-001 at any point during the 28 day period

  • There are ongoing non-hematological post-HCT toxicities >= grade 3 non-hematological (hem) adverse events (AE's), with exception of grade 3 glucose intolerance and grade 3 non-hem labs; cholesterol, triglyceride, and hyperglycemia

Contacts and Locations

Locations

SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
1City of Hope Medical CenterDuarteCaliforniaUnited States91010

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • City of Hope Medical Center
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Investigators

  • Principal Investigator: Ryotaro Nakamura, City of Hope Medical Center

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Publications

None provided.
Responsible Party:
City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01588015
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • 12022
  • NCI-2012-00589
First Posted:
Apr 30, 2012
Last Update Posted:
Mar 2, 2022
Last Verified:
Feb 1, 2022

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Mar 2, 2022