Allo HSCT Using RIC for Hematological Diseases

Sponsor
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota (Other)
Overall Status
Recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT02661035
Collaborator
(none)
124
Enrollment
1
Location
1
Arm
71.7
Anticipated Duration (Months)
1.7
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

This is a phase II trial using a non-myeloablative cyclophosphamide/ fludarabine/total body irradiation (TBI) preparative regimen followed by a related or unrelated donor stem cell infusion. The primary objective is to evaluate rates of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grades II-IV and chronic GVHD with an updated GVHD prophylaxis of tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) with a non-myeloablative preparative regimen in persons with hematologic malignancies.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
124 participants
Allocation:
N/A
Intervention Model:
Single Group Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Using Reduced Intensity Conditioning (RIC) for the Treatment of Hematological Diseases [MT2015-32]
Actual Study Start Date :
Mar 9, 2017
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Mar 1, 2023
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Mar 1, 2023

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Reduced Intensity Conditioning

Non-myeloablative cyclophosphamide/ fludarabine/total body irradiation (TBI) preparative regimen followed by a related or unrelated donor stem cell infusion

Drug: Allopurinol
300 mg/day (for peds -150 mg/m^2/day), day -6 and continue through day 0 or longer if clinically indicated
Other Names:
  • Zyloprim
  • Drug: Fludarabine
    30 mg/m^2 IV over 1 hour, day -6, -5, -4, -3 and -2
    Other Names:
  • Fludara
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    50 mg/kg IV over 2 hours, day -6
    Other Names:
  • Cytoxan
  • Drug: ATG
    Only for patients with an unrelated donor (URD) and NO multi-agent chemotherapy 3 months prior to transplant. ATG will be administered IV every 12 hours for 6 doses on days -6, -5, and -4 according to institutional guidelines. Methylprednisolone 1 mg/kg IV administered immediately prior to each dose of ATG (6 doses).
    Other Names:
  • Anti-thymocyte globulin
  • Radiation: TBI
    All patients who have had previous radiation therapy or TBI will be seen by Radiation Oncology prior to entrance on the protocol for approval for additional 200 cGy of TBI. TBI may be delivered by local guidelines provided the effective dose is equivalent to what is recommended in the TBI Guidelines. The dose of TBI will be 200 cGy given in a single fraction on day -1.
    Other Names:
  • Total body irradiation
  • Drug: Tacrolimus
    All patients will receive tacrolimus therapy beginning on day -3. Initial dosing of tacrolimus will be 0.03 - 0.05 mg/kg/day IV; if the recipient body weight is <40 kg, dosing will be 3 times daily, and if ≥ 40 kg, twice daily or per current institutional guidelines. An attempt will be made to maintain a trough level of 5-10 ng/mL and subsequent dose modifications will be provided by the pharmacist. Once the patient can tolerate oral medications and has a reasonable oral intake, tacrolimus will be converted to an oral form based on the current IV dose providing normal renal and hepatic function and no major drug interactions. The timing of the tacrolimus taper will be at the discretion of the treating physician, but in general: Taper begins at day +100 +/- 10 days, if the patient is stably engrafted and has no active GVHD. Taper to zero by reducing dose by approximately 10% a week (rounded to nearest pill size), with a goal to discontinue by month 6 post-HCT.
    Other Names:
  • Prograf
  • Drug: MMF
    3 gram/day IV/PO for patients who are ≥ 40 kg divided in 2 or 3 doses. In obese patients (>125% IBW) 15 mg/kg every 12 hours may be considered. Pediatric patient (<40 kilograms) will receive MMF at the dose of 15 mg/kg/dose every 8 hours beginning day -3. MMF dosing will be monitored and altered as clinically appropriate based on institutional guidelines. Patients will be eligible for MMF dosing and pharmacokinetics studies. MMF will stop at day +30 or 7 days after engraftment, whichever day is later, if no acute GVHD. (Definition of engraftment is 1st day of 3 consecutive days of absolute neutrophil count [ANC) ≥ 0.5 x 109 /L]). If no donor engraftment, MMF will continue as long as clinically indicated.
    Other Names:
  • Mycophenolate Mofetil
  • Biological: Peripheral Blood Stem Cells
    On day 0, patients will receive an allogeneic transplant using PBSC which are CD34+ selected as the donor graft. The graft will be infused over 15-60 minutes after premedication with acetaminophen 650 mg PO and diphenhydramine 25 mg PO/IV with doses adjusted for pediatric patients.

    Biological: Related or Unrelated Bone Marrow Cells
    On day 0, a target dose of 3 x 10^8 nucleated cells/kg recipient weight will be collected. The graft will be infused over 15-60 minutes after premedication with acetaminophen 650 mg PO and diphenhydramine 25 mg PO/IV with doses adjusted for pediatric patients.

    Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Evaluate rates of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) II-IV [Day 100 post transplant]

      Percent of subjects with grade II-IV acute GVHD

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Evaluate rates of chronic GVHD [1 year post transplant]

      Percent of subjects with chronic GVHD

    2. Evaluate neutrophil engraftment without ATG (in siblings) [Day 42 post transplant]

      Percent of subjects with neutrophil engraftment without ATG (in siblings)

    3. Evaluate neutrophil engraftment with ATG (in unrelated donors) [Day 42 post transplant]

      Percent of subjects with neutrophil engraftment with ATG (in unrelated donors)

    4. Evaluate neutrophil engraftment without ATG (in unrelated donors) [Day 42 post transplant]

      Percent of subjects with neutrophil engraftment without ATG (in unrelated donors)

    5. Evaluate relapse without ATG (in siblings) - 1 year [1 year post transplant]

      Percent of subjects who relapsed without ATG (in siblings)

    6. Evaluate relapse without ATG (in siblings) - 2 years [2 years post transplant]

      Percent of subjects who relapsed without ATG (in siblings)

    7. Evaluate relapse with ATG (in unrelated donors) - 1 year [1 year post transplant]

      Percent of subjects who relapsed with ATG (in unrelated donors)

    8. Evaluate relapse with ATG (in unrelated donors) - 2 years [2 years post transplant]

      Percent of subjects who relapsed with ATG (in unrelated donors)

    9. Evaluate relapse without ATG (in unrelated donors) - 1 year [1 year post transplant]

      Percent of subjects who relapsed without ATG (in unrelated donors)

    10. Evaluate relapse without ATG (in unrelated donors) - 2 years [2 years post transplant]

      Percent of subjects who relapsed without ATG (in unrelated donors)

    11. Overall survival [Day 100 post transplant]

      Percent of surviving subjects

    12. Overall survival [1 year post transplant]

      Percent of surviving subjects

    13. Overall survival [3 years post transplant]

      Percent of surviving subjects

    14. Transplant related mortality (TRM) [Day 100 post transplant]

      Percent of subjects with TRM

    15. Transplant related mortality (TRM) [1 year post transplant]

      Percent of subjects with TRM

    Eligibility Criteria

    Criteria

    Ages Eligible for Study:
    N/A to 75 Years
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    All
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    No
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Age, Performance Status, and Graft Criteria

    • Age 0 to 70 years of age with Karnofsky score ≥ 70% (≥ 16 years) or Lansky score ≥ 50 (< 16 years)

    • Patients ≥ 70 and ≤ 75 years of age may be eligible if they have a HCT-CI Co-Morbidity score ≤ 2

    • Must be ≥ 3 months after prior myeloablative transplant, if applicable

    • 5/6 or 6/6 related donor match or a 7-8/8 HLA-A,B,C,DRB1 allele matched unrelated donor marrow and/or PBSC donor match per current institutional guidelines Related donors will be evaluated and collected per MT2012-14C; Unrelated donors will be identified and collected per usual procedures

    • Eligible Diseases

    • Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML): high risk CR1 (as evidenced by preceding MDS, high risk cytogenetics, ≥ 2 cycles to obtain CR, erythroblastic or megakaryocytic leukemia, FLT-3 ITD +; CR2+. All patients must be in CR as defined by hematological recovery, AND <5% blasts by light microscopy within the bone marrow with a cellularity of ≥15%.

    • Very high risk pediatric patients with AML: Patients <21 years, however, are eligible with (M2 marrow) with < 25% blasts in marrow after having failed one or more cycles of chemotherapy.

    • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL): factor that define high risk CR1 include but are not limited to cytogenetics demonstrating t(9;22), t (1:19), t(4;11), other MLL rearrangements, hypodiploidy, or IKZF1 abnormalities), DNA index < 0.81, > 1 cycle to obtain CR or presence minimal residual disease (MRD). Patients in CR2+ are eligible. All patients must be in CR as defined by hematological recovery, AND <5% blasts by light microscopy within the bone marrow with a cellularity of ≥15%.

    • Very high risk pediatric patients with ALL: patients <21 years are also considered high risk CR1 if they had M2 or M3 marrow at day 42 from the initiation of induction or M3 marrow at the end of induction. They are eligible once they achieved a complete remission.

    • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia excluding refractory blast crisis: To be eligible in first chronic phase (CP1) patient must have failed or be intolerant to imatinib mesylate.

    • Plasma Cell Leukemia after initial therapy, who achieved at least a partial remission

    • Myelodysplasia (MDS) requiring transplant as defined as: IPSS INT-2 or High Risk;

    R-IPSS High or Very High; WHO classification: RAEB-1, RAEB-2; Severe Cytopenias:

    ANC < 0.8, Anemia or thrombocytopenia requiring transfusion; Poor or very poor risk cytogenetics based on IPSS or R-IPSS definitions; therapy-related MDS. Blasts must be < 5% by bone marrow aspirate morphology.

    • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (CLL/SLL), Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma or Follicular Lymphoma are eligible if there was disease progression/relapse within 12 of achieving a partial or complete remission. Patients who had remissions lasting > 12 months, are eligible after at least two prior therapies. Patients with bulky disease (nodal mass greater than 5 cm) should be considered for de-bulking chemotherapy before transplant.

    • Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell Lymphoma, Prolymphocytic Leukemia, NK cell malignancies are eligible after initial therapy in CR1+ or PR1+.

    • Large Cell NHL > CR2/> PR2: Patients in CR2/PR2 with initial short remission (<6 months) are eligible.

    • Lymphoblastic Lymphoma, Burkitt's Lymphoma, and other high-grade NHL after initial therapy if stage III/IV in CR1/PR1 or after progression if stage I/II < 1 year.

    • Multiple Myeloma beyond PR2: Patients with chromosome 13 abnormalities, first response lasting less than 6 months, or β-2 microglobulin > 3 mg/L, may be considered for this protocol after initial therapy.

    • Myeloproliferative Syndromes

    • Organ Function Criteria Adequate organ function is defined as:

    • Liver: AST and ALT < 5 x upper limit of normal and bilirubin < 3 x upper limit of normal

    • Renal: Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dl (adults) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 40 mL/min (pediatrics). Adults with a creatinine > 1.2 mg/dl or a history of renal dysfunction must have estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 40 mL/min.

    • Albumin > 2.5 g/dL

    • Cardiac: Absence of decompensated congestive heart failure, or uncontrolled arrhythmia and left ventricular ejection fraction > 35%.

    • Pulmonary: DLCOcorr ≥ 40% predicted, and absence of O2 requirements. For children that are not able to cooperate with PFTs, a pulse oximetry with or without exercise should be attempted. If neither test can be obtained it should be clearly stated in the physician's note.

    • If recent mold infection (e.g. aspergillus) must have minimum of 30 days of therapy and responsive disease and be cleared by Infectious Disease

    • Females of child bearing potential and sexually active males must agree to use adequate birth control during study treatment

    • Voluntary written consent (adult or parent/guardian with presentation of the minor information sheet, if appropriate)

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Pregnant or breast feeding. The agents used in this study include Pregnancy Category D: known to cause harm to a fetus. Females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 14 days prior to registration to rule out pregnancy.

    • Untreated active infection

    • Active CNS disease

    • Active HIV infection or known HIV positive serology

    • Congenital bone marrow failure syndrome

    • Previous irradiation that precludes the safe administration of an additional dose of 200 cGy of TBI

    • CML in refractory blast crisis

    • Intermediate or high grade NHL, mantle cell NHL, and Hodgkin disease that is progressive on salvage therapy. Stable disease is acceptable to move forward provided it is non-bulky.

    • Multiple myeloma progressive on salvage chemotherapy

    Contacts and Locations

    Locations

    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1Masonic Cancer Center at University of MinnesotaMinneapolisMinnesotaUnited States55455

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota

    Investigators

    • Principal Investigator: Erica Warlick, MD, Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Publications

    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT02661035
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • 2015LS152
    First Posted:
    Jan 21, 2016
    Last Update Posted:
    May 25, 2021
    Last Verified:
    May 1, 2021

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of May 25, 2021