Virtual Reality Decreases Child Anxiety and Pain as Well as Caregiver Anxiety and Pain Perception During Orthopaedic Clinic Office Procedures
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that the use of a virtual reality experience can decrease child and caregiver anxiety and pain for simple orthopaedic office procedures.
Arms and Interventions
|Active Comparator: Control
Standard comfort given
This is the control condition and anxiety is addressed in a standard way of having the care taker calm the child during the intervention.
|Experimental: Virtual Reality (VR)
Device: Virtual Reality (VR)
The child who is undergoing a procedure uses VR as a distraction during the intervention
Primary Outcome Measures
- Child pain score [Up to 24 hours following procedure]
Assessed by Wrong-Baker Children's Faces Pain Scale: The scale shows a series of faces ranging from a happy face at 0 which represents "no hurt" to a crying face at 10 which represents "hurts worst." Based on the faces and descriptions, the patient chooses the face that best describes their level of pain.
- Child anxiety (7 years old and older) [Up to 24 hours following procedure]
Assessed by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC): 20 questions with 3 answer options for each question. Scores range from 20 to 60 for state and 20 to 60 for trait with 60 being the higher (more or worse) anxiety on self-assessment.
- Child anxiety (Younger than 7 years old) [Up to 24 hours following procedure]
Assessed by Children's Fear Scale: The Children's Fear Scale (CFS) is used to measure the anxiety or fear level of the children. The one-item scale consists of a row of five sex neutral faces ranging from a no fear (neutral) face on the far left to a face showing extreme fear on the far right.
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Parental anxiety [Up to 24 hours following procedure]
Assessed by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI): a 20 question inventory where each question is on a Likert scale 1-4. The total range of the inventory is 20-80 with higher scores indicating more anxiety (please note that some questions are reverse coded).
- Undergoing cast removal, pin removal, or suture removal in study affiliated clinic
History of seizures
Pregnant, have preexisting binocular vision abnormalities or psychiatric disorders, or suffer from a heart condition or other serious medical condition
Patients can't have implanted medical devices including cardiac pacemakers, hearing aids and defibrillators
Contacts and Locations
|1||University of Michigan||Ann Arbor||Michigan||United States||48109|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- University of Michigan
- Study Chair: Noelle Whyte, MD, University of Michigan
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.