The Beneficial Effects of Naps on Motor Learning
Memory consolidation is the process by which memories become stable, long-term representations in the brain. Consolidation of a motor skill is dependent upon sleep. Some research shows that daytime naps improve people s motor performance and memory retention. Researchers want to find out how daytime naps may contribute to learning and support consolidation of motor skill memories.
To learn the role of memory replay during wakeful rest and sleep (naps) in retaining a newly learned skill.
English-speaking adults ages 18 and older with chronic stroke, or healthy, right-handed, English-speaking adults ages 18-35 and 50-80
Participants will be screened with:
Participants will have a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain. For this, they will lie down in a scanner. The scanner makes loud noises, so they will wear earplugs. They will fill out an MRI screening form before each MRI.
Participants will also have magnetoencephalography (MEG). MEG maps brain activity. It does this by recording the magnetic fields produced by naturally occurring electrical currents in the brain. For MEG, participants will lie down in the MEG room. Their eye movements may be recorded by a video camera.
Participants will have behavior testing. They will practice typing random keys. Then they will repeatedly type a custom sequence that they see on a computer screen. Then they will take a 2-hour nap. Then they will type the same sequence again.
Participants will have no more than 4 visits at the NIH over 3 months. Visits will last 2-4 hours each.
|Condition or Disease||Intervention/Treatment||Phase|
Study Description: We will investigate sleep neural replay to motor skill consolidation in three groups: (a) young healthy subjects, (b) older healthy subjects and (c) patients with chronic stroke.
Objective: The primary aim is to determine the relative contribution of neural replay during wakeful rest and sleep to consolidation of a newly learned skill in young and older healthy volunteers, and in chronic stroke patients with magnetoencephalography (MEG). The secondary aim is to evaluate differences in replay rates between these subject cohorts. We will also explore differences in replay rates, spatiotemporal dynamics of neural replay and sleep spindles to generate additional hypotheses and preliminary data for future studies.
Endpoints: The primary endpoint measure is motor skill consolidation (i.e., offline change in correct sequence typing speed following a nap). The secondary endpoint measure is neural replay rate. Exploratory endpoints measures are spatial (i.e. - parcellated source space) and time-frequency maps of neural replay during wakeful rest and sleep, and changes in button-press finger movement kinematics during learning.
Arm 1: 46 healthy young (18-35) volunteers.
Arm 2: 46 healthy older (50-80) volunteers.
Arm 3: 46 chronic (>6 months post-stroke) stroke patients.
Descriotion of Site/Facilities: This protocol utilizes the NIH Clinical Center Outpatient Clinic, and NMRF and MEG core facilities.
Study Duration: 48 months
Participant Duration: Up to 4 visits lasting approximately 2-4 hours each.
Arms and Interventions
46 healthy young (18-35) volunteers
46 healthy older (50-80) volunteers
46 chronic (>6 months post-stroke) stroke patients
Primary Outcome Measures
- The primary endpoint measure is the degree to which motor skillconsolidation (i.e., offline change in correct sequence typing speed) is predicted by replay rates during wakeful rest and sleep, and spindlerates during sleep (i.e.-multiple r... [4 years]
The primary endpoint measure is the degree to which motor skillconsolidation (i.e., offline change in correct sequence typing speed) is predicted by replay rates during wakeful rest and sleep, and spindlerates during sleep (i.e.-multiple regression model with 3 predictors).
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Exploratory endpoints measures are spatial (i.e.-parcellated source space) and time-frequency maps of neural replay during wakefulrest and sleep. [4 years]
Exploratory endpoints measures are spatial (i.e.-parcellated source space) and time-frequency maps of neural replay during wakefulrest and sleep.
- HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS:
Age 18-35 (Arm 1) or 50-80 (Arm 2)
Clear right-hand dominance (>74 on Edinburgh Handedness Inventory)
Normal neurological examination as determined by the screening clinician
HCPS-section affiliated NIH staff
Contraindications for MRI or MEG.
Use of sleep medications within 24 hours of Experimental Session participation
Severe or progressive neurological, psychological or medical condition as determined by the screening clinician.
Age 18 or older
Willing and able to provide consent
Experienced a stroke 6 months ago or more that affected at least one of the upper extremities at time of stroke diagnosis
Ability to perform the study task as assessed during physical examination
HCPS-affiliated NIH staff.
History of large stroke in brainstem or cerebellum
Severe or progressive neurological disorder other than stroke (e.g., Parkinson s disease or multiple sclerosis)
Uncontrolled heart, lung, kidney, gastrointestinal, metabolic, psychiatric, sleep, or endocrine disorders
Contraindications for MRI or MEG.
Contacts and Locations
|1||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center||Bethesda||Maryland||United States||20892|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
- Principal Investigator: Leonardo G Cohen, M.D., National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.