International Bicuspid Aortic Valve Consortium (BAVCon)

Boston University (Other)
Overall Status
Active, not recruiting ID
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) (NIH)
Duration (Months)
Patients Per Site
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease is the most frequent congenital cardiac malformation, occurring in 0.5-1.2% of the US population. In young adults, it is generally a benign abnormality; but in older adults it is associated with thoracic aortic aneurysm or dissection in 20-30% of those with BAV. BAV is strongly associated with early development of aortic valve calcification or incompetence in >50% of BAV patients, and accounts for ~40% of the

30,000 aortic valve replacements (AVR) performed in the US each year. Yet, we know little of the etiology, cellular events and modifiers of progression of BAV to calcific aortic valve disease and we still do not understand the genetic cause(s) of BAV despite evidence for its high heritability.

The Specific Aims of this study are:
  1. To identify the genetic causes of bicuspid aortic valve disease and its associated thoracic aortic disease.

  2. To identify potential pathways to predict the clinical course of BAV disease and for treating human BAV disease.

To achieve these aims, we have created the International Bicuspid Aortic Valve Consortium (BAVCon), a consortium of institutions with cohorts of BAV patients and the expertise to fulfill the performance of these aims.

Detailed Description

The International Bicuspid Aortic Valve Consortium (BAVCon) Registry is the data collection arm of the International Bicuspid Aortic Valve Consortium, a 16 institution international consortium of investigators with interests in the genetics, molecular biology, imaging, surgery and natural history of bicuspid aortic valve disease.

The BAVCon Registry is a longitudinal cohort study, which is observational by design. The cohort will consist of patients with BAV. Consideration will be given to eventual inclusion of a disease-free control or comparison group. The study will compare genetic risk factors, cross-sectional and longitudinal data on risk factors related to the diagnosis, treatment and outcomes among groups of enrolled patients. As part of the natural course of clinical care, the patients and their physicians will determine the approach to treatment and the study will record the observed related outcomes. The study will not attempt to interfere with the outcomes through any type of planned intervention; therefore, there are no anticipated adverse events as a result of study participation.

Study Design

The Registry is designed to capture information on patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease. The BAVCon Registry population will be comprised of patients from sixteen BAVCon

Clinical Centers. The participating BAVCon Clinical Centers are:
  • Boston University School of Medicine, Boston (Dr. Simon Body, Consortium PI)

  • GenTAC Consortium (Dr. Kim Eagle, PI)

  • Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain (Dr. Arturo Evangelista, PI)

  • Monaldi Hospital, Naples, Italy (Dr. Giuseppe Limongelli, PI)

  • Mayo Clinic, Rochester (Dr. Hector Michelena, PI)

  • Oxford University, Oxford, England (Dr. Malenka Bissell, PI)

  • San Donato Hospital IRCCS, Milan, Italy (PI: Dr. Alessandro Frigiola)

  • Tufts University, Boston (Dr. Gordon Huggins, PI)

  • Université Laval, Quebec (Dr. Yohan Bossé, PI)

  • University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Dr. Bo Yang, PI)

  • University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy (Dr. Eduardo Bossone, PI)

  • University of Texas Medical School, Houston (Dr. Dianna Milewicz, PI) One center with specific expertise, but not enrolling patients, is University of Ottawa (Dr. Mona Nemer, PI).

The data supplied by each participating center are collected from the following sources:

Patient interview or questionnaire Hospital medical records Surgical records Imaging studies

Enrollment Information about the Registry will be disseminated to potential study subjects using a number of sources. The principal means of enrollment will be from the Cardiology and Surgical Clinics of each Hospital. In addition, collaborations with the patient advocacy groups such as the Bicuspid Aortic Valve Foundation. These organizations have well established resources for providing information to patients such as websites, newsletters, and national conferences. A recruitment brochure has been developed to explain the goals and basic procedures of the Registry. Finally, the study website,, will inform potential subjects about the Registry. All recruitment materials will be approved by the DCC and BCC IRBs, as appropriate, prior to dissemination.

BCC study staff will identify eligible patients using the eligibility criteria developed and approved by the Steering Committee. They will both screen their current patient population as well as identify new patients that attend the clinic. Eligible patients will be solicited during clinic visits according to protocols approved by the local IRB.

Initially, a care provider will introduce the Registry to the patient or the parent or guardian of the patient, and ask if they are interested in talking further with the research coordinator. If the patient (or parent or guardian) agrees, the research coordinator will meet with the patient for a more comprehensive explanation of the Registry. If there is continued agreement, the research coordinator will proceed with the consent and enrollment process. Signed informed consent will be obtained prior to any data or sample collection. Patients will receive a hard-copy of the consent form to keep. Patients will be able to ask questions at any time. One parent or guardian may provide signed consent for a minor child or other person with a physical or mental condition that prevents them from doing so themselves. Literacy in the native language of the country (English and Spanish in the USA) will be required of the consenting patient or parent/guardian. Child assent will be obtained from children at least 8 years of age, or as determined by the local IRB. Across all the sites, we anticipate total enrollment of up to 10,000 patients.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion criteria for entry into the Registry are:
  • Patients diagnosed with bicuspid aortic valve

  • All ages ≥8 years

  • Able to provide fully informed consent

Local Site Restrictions Some sites will not be collecting tissue from patients, therefore information on tissue collection will be absent. Some sites do not routinely perform CT or MRI on their patients, so these data will also be absent.

Study Design

Study Type:
Observational [Patient Registry]
Anticipated Enrollment :
10000 participants
Observational Model:
Time Perspective:
Official Title:
International Bicuspid Aortic Valve Consortium (BAVCon)
Study Start Date :
Nov 1, 2013
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Nov 1, 2023
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Nov 1, 2033

Arms and Interventions

Bicuspid aortic valve disease

Group/Cohort Label - Bicuspid aortic valve Group/Cohort Description - Patients diagnosed with bicuspid aortic valve All ages ≥8 years Able to provide fully informed consent

Tricuspid aortic valve control patients

Group/Cohort Label - Tricuspid aortic valve control patients Group/Cohort Description -Control patients will come from approximately matched patients without an identified bicuspid aortic valve who are trace, gender and geographically matched. Patients not diagnosed with bicuspid aortic valve All ages ≥8 years Able to provide fully informed consent

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Bicuspid aortic valve disease [10 years]

    The first specific aim is to identify the genetic causes of bicuspid aortic valve disease.

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. The development of thoracic aortic disease in patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease [10 years]

    The second specific aim is to identify genetic and non-genetic factors to cause thoracic aortic disease in BAV patients.

Eligibility Criteria


Ages Eligible for Study:
8 Years to 90 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Inclusion Criteria:
  • Patients diagnosed as having a bicuspid aortic valve

  • All ages ≥8 years

  • Able to provide fully informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:
  • None

Contacts and Locations


SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
1Tufts Medical CenterBostonMassachusettsUnited States02111
2Boston Medical CenterBostonMassachusettsUnited States02218
3University of MichiganAnn ArborMichiganUnited States48109
4Mayo ClinicRochesterMinnesotaUnited States55905
5Vanderbilt UniversityNashvilleTennesseeUnited States37232
6University of Texas Health Science Center at HoustonHoustonTexasUnited States77030
7Laval UniversityQuebec CityQuebecCanadaG1V 4G5
8Istituto Policlinico San DonatoSan Donato MilaneseMilanItaly20097
9Monaldi HospitalNaplesItaly80100
10Second University of NaplesNaplesItaly80131
11University of SalernoSalernoItaly36-83023
12Hospital Vall d'HebronBarcelonaSpain08035
13University of OxfordOxfordUnited KingdomOX3 9DU

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Boston University
  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)


  • Principal Investigator: Simon C. Body, MD, MPH, Boston University School of Medicine, Anesthesiology Department

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Additional Information:


None provided.
Responsible Party:
Boston University Identifier:
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • H-39760
  • 1R21HL150373-01
First Posted:
Nov 11, 2013
Last Update Posted:
May 7, 2021
Last Verified:
May 1, 2021
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
Keywords provided by Boston University
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of May 7, 2021