FORESIGHT: FES (16α-[18F]-Fluoro-17β-estradiol)-PET: Towards a New Standard to Stage Locally Advanced and Recurrent, Estrogen Receptor Positive (ER+) Breast Cancer? Pilot Study to Compare [18F]FES-PET and [18F]FDG-PET

Sponsor
VU University Medical Center (Other)
Overall Status
Active, not recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT03726931
Collaborator
(none)
40
Enrollment
1
Location
1
Arm
50.5
Anticipated Duration (Months)
0.8
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Accurate staging is of great importance in patients with clinically locally advanced primary breast cancer (LABC, stage III) or locoregional recurrent (LRR) breast cancer for making a correct treatment plan. According to current guidelines, staging is performed with positron emission tomography (PET) using the 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([18F]FDG) PET tracer, combined with diagnostic computed tomography (CT). However, previous studies have shown that this technique (with the current PET tracer) might not be sufficient for accurate staging. Specifically in low grade, estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer metastases can be missed due to the low metabolic activity, leading to low uptake of [18F]FDG. Therefore, there is a clinical need to improve staging procedures. 16α-[18F]-fluoro-17β-estradiol ([18F]FES), an ER-targeted PET tracer, allows imaging of ER+ tumor lesions regardless of their metabolic activity. Patients with clinically LABC and LRR have a 25-50% risk of distant metastases. Correct identification of distant metastases allows adaptation of the treatment plan to avoid burdensome treatment with surgery, systemic and radiotherapy in order to maintain quality of life. In case of oligometastases, correct identification increases the likelihood for cure with local treatment. In the current study we will compare disease staging with [18F]FES- and [18F]FDG PET in patients with clinically LABC/LRR breast cancer. Objective: To determine whether [18F]FES PET/CT improves staging for women with clinically LABC or LRR, ER+/HER2- breast cancer as compared to standard [18F]FDG PET/CT. Study design: Multicenter prospective study with invasive measurements. Study population: 20 LABC and 20 LRR ER+/HER2- breast cancer patients. Main study parameters/endpoints: To determine the percentage of patients with a correctly changed treatment plan according to information obtained from [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT at staging and at 6 months of follow-up; to determine the percentage of metastatic lesions detected and missed with [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT (at staging and during follow-up). Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: Patients will receive an intravenous cannula for tracer injection and blood sampling, causing potentially transient discomfort at the site of the cannula insertion. Tumor biopsy will be performed from an easy accessible lesion and the most frequent complications that can occur are discomfort, bleeding and (local) infection. The risk of complications from a tumor biopsy is considered low: 0.24-1.6% and 0.11-0.48% for major complications and mortality, respectively. Radiation exposure from a [18F]FES PET and [18F]FDG PET scan usually ranges between 4-11 mSv and 7-8 mSv, respectively. Radiation exposure from a diagnostic CT scan ranges between 8-14 mSv. The total radiation burden is considered justifiable when compared to the information that can be obtained from this study, in this patient group with breast cancer. Imaging with [18F]FES PET may improve staging for patients with breast cancer as it may show tumor lesions that could not be identified with [18F]FDG PET, the current standard for staging. If this is the case, the initial treatment goal and intensity can be adjusted which can have beneficial effects for the patient.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Diagnostic Test: 18F-Fluorestradiol PET/CT scan
N/A

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Actual Enrollment :
40 participants
Allocation:
N/A
Intervention Model:
Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
In this multicenter observational study with invasive measurements, patients with clinically ER+/HER2- LABC and LRR breast cancer will be included. All patients will undergo the current 'standard' diagnostic procedures including a histological biopsy of the primary tumor, cytology of axillary lymph nodes and imaging procedures with mammography, ultrasound of breast and axilla, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) breast and whole body [18F]FDG PET combined with diagnostic chest/abdominal CT. In addition, all patients will undergo the 'experimental' imaging procedure with [18F]FES PET/CT. After evaluation of the obtained scans (independently for both scans), an 'experimental histological biopsy' of a lymph node metastasis will be obtained and clinically relevant [18F]FDG+ and/or [18F]FES+ lesions and/or suspicious lesions on CT will be biopsied according to standard clinical practice for pathological analyses.In this multicenter observational study with invasive measurements, patients with clinically ER+/HER2- LABC and LRR breast cancer will be included. All patients will undergo the current 'standard' diagnostic procedures including a histological biopsy of the primary tumor, cytology of axillary lymph nodes and imaging procedures with mammography, ultrasound of breast and axilla, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) breast and whole body [18F]FDG PET combined with diagnostic chest/abdominal CT. In addition, all patients will undergo the 'experimental' imaging procedure with [18F]FES PET/CT. After evaluation of the obtained scans (independently for both scans), an 'experimental histological biopsy' of a lymph node metastasis will be obtained and clinically relevant [18F]FDG+ and/or [18F]FES+ lesions and/or suspicious lesions on CT will be biopsied according to standard clinical practice for pathological analyses.
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Diagnostic
Official Title:
FES (16α-[18F]-Fluoro-17β-estradiol)-PET: Towards a New Standard to Stage Locally Advanced and Recurrent, Estrogen Receptor Positive (ER+) Breast Cancer? Pilot Study to Compare [18F]FES-PET and [18F]FDG-PET
Actual Study Start Date :
Nov 13, 2018
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Jan 29, 2023
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Jan 29, 2023

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: [18F]FES

All patients will receive an additional PET/CT scan: [18F]FES PET/CT scan.

Diagnostic Test: 18F-Fluorestradiol PET/CT scan
[18F]FES PET/CT scan will be performed after administration of radioactive labelled estrogen.
Other Names:
  • [18F]FES PET/CT scan
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Percentage of patients with a correctly changed treatment plan according to [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT. [2 years]

      Percentage of patients with a correctly changed treatment plan according to information obtained with [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT at staging.

    2. Percentage of metastatic lesions detected with [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT. [2 years]

      Percentage of metastatic lesions detected with [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT at staging.

    3. Percentage of missed metastases with [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT. [2 years]

      Percentage of missed metastases with [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT (at staging and developed during follow-up).

    4. Percentage of correct treatment plans as well as diagnostic confidence after 6 months of follow-up based on the added information obtained with [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT. [2 years]

      Percentage of correct treatment plans as well as diagnostic confidence after 6 months of follow-up as determined by the adjudication committee based on the added information obtained with [18F]FES PET/CT compared to [18F]FDG PET/CT.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to size of the lesion [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to size of the lesion.

    2. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to location of the lesion. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to location of the lesion.

    3. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to histological subtype. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to histological subtype.

    4. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to grade. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to grade.

    5. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to ER expression level. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to ER expression level.

    6. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to PR expression level. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to PR expression level.

    7. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to HER2 expression level. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to HER2 expression level.

    8. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to Ki67%/mitotic index. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to Ki67%/mitotic index.

    9. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to intensity of ER staining. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to intensity of ER staining.

    10. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to intensity of tumor cell density. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to intensity of tumor cell density.

    11. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to intensity of microvessel density. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to intensity of microvessel density.

    12. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to infiltration of lymphocytes. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to infiltration of lymphocytes.

    13. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to amount of necrosis. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to amount of necrosis.

    14. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to amount of stroma. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to amount of stroma.

    15. [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake related to expression of glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases. [2 years]

      [18F]FES/[18F]FDG uptake in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases will be related to expression of glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) in the primary tumor, lymph node and distant metastases.

    16. Cut off value for [18F]FDG SUV max below which [18F]FES PET/CT adds information for staging. [2 years]

      Cut off value for [18F]FDG SUV max below which [18F]FES PET/CT adds information for staging.

    17. Cut off value for [18F]FDG SUV peak below which [18F]FES PET/CT adds information for staging. [2 years]

      Cut off value for [18F]FDG SUV peak below which [18F]FES PET/CT adds information for staging.

    18. Cut off value for grade below which or above which [18F]FES PET/CT adds information for staging. [2 years]

      Cut off value for grade below which or above which, respectively, [18F]FES PET/CT adds information for staging.

    19. Cut off value for ER expression level below which or above which [18F]FES PET/CT adds information for staging. [2 years]

      Cut off value for ER expression level below which or above which [18F]FES PET/CT adds information for staging.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Criteria

    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    Female
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    No
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Clinically LABC (stage III) or LRR breast cancer (all histological types) with ER+, HER2- and low grade according to Bloom Richardson criteria (grade 1-2)

    • Females aged 18 years or older at screening

    • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) of 0-2

    • Candidates for treatment with curative intent (patients are also allowed for inclusion in the current study if they have undergone recent surgery (<6 weeks) for current breast cancer and require staging because of unexpected stage III disease)

    • In case [18F]FDG PET/CT has already been performed, patients can be included <21 days after this scan

    • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥30 ml/min

    • Written and signed informed consent

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • History with another cancer within the last 5 years, except non-melanoma skin cancer

    • Undergoing treatment for current breast cancer such as (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy, hormonal therapy (only in case of Tamoxifen), radiotherapy or investigational drug therapy

    • Pregnancy or lactating women

    • Any medical, psychological or social condition that may interfere with the subject's safety and participation in the study, will lead to exclusion from this study

    Contacts and Locations

    Locations

    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1VU University Medical CenterAmsterdamNoord- HollandNetherlands

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • VU University Medical Center

    Investigators

    None specified.

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Publications

    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    C. Menke- van der Houven van Oordt, MD PhD, Medical Oncologist and Principal Investigator, VU University Medical Center
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT03726931
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • 2018.451
    First Posted:
    Nov 1, 2018
    Last Update Posted:
    Oct 8, 2021
    Last Verified:
    Oct 1, 2021
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Undecided
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Undecided
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    No
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    No
    Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.:
    No
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Oct 8, 2021