Breathing and Core Stability Exercise Effects on Lumbopelvic Pain

Riphah International University (Other)
Overall Status
Recruiting ID

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Lumbopelvic pain refers to self-reported pain in areas of lower region, anterior and posterior pelvic tilt or combination of these. Physical therapy interventions used are breathing exercises with and without core stability exercises. Tool used were Pain Pressure Algometer and Oswestry Disability Index.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
  • Other: traditional physical therapy
  • Other: core stability exercises

Detailed Description

Lumbopelvic pain is self-reported pain. It is common complaint for women after labour, and it is found that 25% of newly delivered women experienced low back and pelvic pain. Different interventions have been used to reduce the lumbopelvic pain in general including exercises, drugs, therapies and massage. An increasingly common approach used within physical therapy management are breathing exercises and core stabilization exercises. This study will used to compare the effects of breathing exercises with and without core stability exercise. Pre-assessment will be done using oswestry disability index as subjective measurement and pain pressure algometer as objective measure.

Study Design

Study Type:
Anticipated Enrollment :
44 participants
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose:
Official Title:
Effects of Breathing Exercises With and Without Core Stability Exercises on Pain Pressure Threshold and Disability in Postpartum Females With Lumbopelvic Pain
Actual Study Start Date :
May 30, 2022
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Dec 1, 2022
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Dec 1, 2022

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
Active Comparator: Traditional physical therapy

breathing exercises

Other: traditional physical therapy
breathing exercises 10 repetitions, 1set, 3 days/week and targeted abdominal muscles. Total 6 sessions were given each consisting of 30 minutes.

Experimental: Core stability exercise

core stability exercise along with breathing exercises and pain pressure algometer is used

Other: core stability exercises
core stability along with breathing exercise 10 repetitions, 1set, 3 days/week and targeted core muscles. Total 6 sessions were given consisting of 30 minutes.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Oswestry disability index [6th week]

    Changes from base line Oswestry disability index was developed first by Fairbank et al. It was designed to measure the back pain and disability over time. It consists of 10, five parts sections. At the end, score is calculated by dividing the obtained score by total (50) multiplied by 100. As the driving section in all the female patients, total score was considered as 45 instead of 50.

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. Pain Pressure Algometer [6th week]

    Changes from base line Pain Pressure Algometer was developed first by Baba et al. The pressure algometer has linear response to force application between 0 and 1,300 kilopascal.

  2. ROM Back region (flexion) [6th week]

    Changes from the Baseline ROM range of motion of back region flexion was taken.

  3. ROM Back region (extension) [6th week]

    Changes from the baseline ROM range of motion of back region extension was taken.

Eligibility Criteria


Ages Eligible for Study:
25 Years to 35 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Inclusion Criteria:
  • Women had parity (2-4) times

  • Body mass index that did not exceed 30 Kg/m

  • Lumbopelvic pain at least three months until one year postpartum

Exclusion Criteria:
  • They were pregnant

  • Had systemic inflammatory diseases

  • Prolapsed disc

  • Neuromuscular disorder

Contacts and Locations


Site City State Country Postal Code
1 Services Hospital Lahore Punjab Pakistan 54660

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Riphah International University


  • Principal Investigator: Hafiza Mehjabeen, MSWHPT, Riphah International University

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information


Responsible Party:
Riphah International University Identifier:
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • REC/RCR&AHS/22/0518
First Posted:
Jun 6, 2022
Last Update Posted:
Jun 6, 2022
Last Verified:
May 1, 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD:
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
Keywords provided by Riphah International University
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Jun 6, 2022