Treatment Modification Based on Early Assessment of CML Patients

Sponsor
Rabin Medical Center (Other)
Overall Status
Unknown status
CT.gov ID
NCT01762969
Collaborator
Rambam Health Care Campus (Other), Wolfson Medical Center (Other), Bnai Zion Medical Center (Other), HaEmek Medical Center, Israel (Other), Hadassah Medical Organization (Other)
300
Enrollment
1
Location
1
Arm
84
Duration (Months)
3.6
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The investigators will check the feasibility of using early molecular response for making treatment decisions. Patients diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia will commence imatinib treatment. After 3 months of treatment their response will be assessed. If molecular response would be less the 10% (BCR-ABL1/ABL ISI >10%)imatinib therapy will be stopped and patients will start a different TKI (as nilotinib, dasatinib). The investigators will follow on lab and clinical outcomes.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Other: Treatment modification based on molecular response at 3 months
Phase 2

Detailed Description

Objectives:

To establish a national protocol for the treatment of patients with CML. Patients will be stratified by molecular response, and treatment will be adjusted accordingly.

Secondary outcomes To compare clinical outcomes of patients at high risk (transcript level above 10%) to those at low risk (<10%) while using the early switch approach To evaluate the prognostic value of EUTOS, HASFORD, and SOKAL scores using the early switch strategy Patients Patients may be enrolled to the protocol prior to any TKI treatment or at any time point from commencement of imatinib (started at 400 mg daily) and prior to 3 months assessment, if all the necessary baseline data is available, and all other inclusion criteria are met (patients will be excluded if they received treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor other than imatinib)

Inclusion criteria:
  1. Adult patients within 6 months after the diagnosis of Philadelphia chromosome-positive CML in the chronic phase

  2. who were not previously treated (with the exception of hydroyurea) for CML or

  3. who were treated with imatinib for CML for up to 3 months, and prior to 3 months assessment (patients will be excluded if they received treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor other than imatinib).

  4. Age > 18 years Diagnosis of CML will be made by conventional cytogenetic (chromosome banding analysis) and/or interphase fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of bone marrow containing at least one Philadelphia chromosome-positive metaphase cell. If BCR-ABL1 fusion gene (Philadelphia chromosome) is not detected by conventional cytogenetic analysis, the diagnosis of CML can be confirmed based on FISH analysis or molecular analysis (demonstration of bcr-abl by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)).

Inclusion of patients with any organ dysfunction (cardiac, renal, respiratory, liver) can be done based on the decision of the treating physician.

Exclusion criteria:

Patients will be excluded if they received treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor other than imatinib (i.e., nilotinib, dasatinib) before study entry. Patients may take hydroxyurea or anagrelide for up to 4 weeks prior to imatinib treatment.

Interventions Imatinib 400 mg once daily Response will be assessed after 3 months of therapy. A complete blood count to assess hematologic response and a bone marrow biopsy and/or aspirate, including cytogenetic analysis and molecular analysis for quantitative RT-PCR for BCR-ABL1/ABL will be performed.

Response assessment Assessment of response by molecular analysis of bcr-abl1 will be performed in certified and standardized laboratories (a list of certified laboratories will be distributed).

If a patients has achieved CHR and BCR-ABL1/ABL ISI <10% at 3 months then imatinib will be continued at the dose of 400 mg daily.

If a patient has achieved CHR and BCR-ABL1/ABL ISI >10% at 3 months then imatinib will be stopped and nilotinib 300 mg twice daily or dasatinib 100 mg once daily will be instituted. ECG will be done prior to any change of therapy.

Mutation analysis is recommended prior to the commencement of nilotinib or dasatinib.

Patients will continue to receive the study treatment until the disease will progress or unacceptable toxic effects will developed. In the event of disease progression or the occurrence of adverse event treatment can be stopped or changed under the discretion of the treating physician.

Outcomes Rate of CCyR at 12 months CCyR is defined as absence of Ph-positive metaphases, determined on the basis of G-banding in at least 20 cells in metaphase per bone marrow sample Overall survival Rate of major molecular response at 6, 12, 18, 24 months Cumulative rate of optimal response at 12, 18 months

PFS:

Time from commencement of imatinib till meeting ELN criteria for failure, progression to AP/BC, or death from any cause

EFS:

Time from commencement of imatinib till meeting ELN criteria for failure, progression to AP/BC, grade 3 to 4 adverse event, drug discontinuation (except of the change of imatinib at 3 months according to molecular response), or death from any cause

Safety:

Adverse events will be classified according to the CTCAE NCI US v.3.0 Severe AE

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
300 participants
Allocation:
N/A
Intervention Model:
Single Group Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
Modification of Imatinib to Other Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Dependent on 3-months Molecular Response of CML Patients
Study Start Date :
Jan 1, 2013
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Jan 1, 2019
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Jan 1, 2020

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Modified by molecular response

Patients will be treated with imatinib upon diagnosis of CML. Molecular response will be assessed at 3 months of therapy. Based on molecular response imatinib will be continued or changed to another TKI

Other: Treatment modification based on molecular response at 3 months
Patients will be treated with imatinib upon diagnosis of CML. Molecular response will be assessed at 3 months of therapy. Based on molecular response imatinib will be continued or changed to another TKI

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Rate of complete cytogenetic response [12 months]

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. Overall survival [12 months]

  2. Rate of major molecular response [12, 24 months]

    Cumulative rate of optimal response at 12, 18 months

  3. PFS [12 months]

    Time from commencement of imatinib till meeting ELN criteria for failure, progression to AP/BC, or death from any cause

  4. Severe Adverse events [12 months]

    Adverse events will be classified according to the CTCAE NCI US v.3.0

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
16 Years and Older
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
No
Inclusion Criteria:
    1. Adult patients within 6 months after the diagnosis of Philadelphia chromosome-positive CML in the chronic phase
  1. who were not previously treated (with the exception of hydroyurea) for CML or

  2. who were treated with imatinib for CML for up to 3 months, and prior to 3 months assessment (patients will be excluded if they received treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor other than imatinib).

  3. Age > 18 years Diagnosis of CML will be made by conventional cytogenetic (chromosome banding analysis) and/or interphase fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of bone marrow containing at least one Philadelphia chromosome-positive metaphase cell. If BCR-ABL1 fusion gene (Philadelphia chromosome) is not detected by conventional cytogenetic analysis, the diagnosis of CML can be confirmed based on FISH analysis or molecular analysis (demonstration of bcr-abl by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)).

Inclusion of patients with any organ dysfunction (cardiac, renal, respiratory, liver) can be done based on the decision of the treating physician.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients will be excluded if they received treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor other than imatinib (i.e., nilotinib, dasatinib) before study entry. Patients may take hydroxyurea or anagrelide for up to 4 weeks prior to imatinib treatment.

Contacts and Locations

Locations

SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
1Rabin Medical CenterPetah tikvaIsrael49100

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Rabin Medical Center
  • Rambam Health Care Campus
  • Wolfson Medical Center
  • Bnai Zion Medical Center
  • HaEmek Medical Center, Israel
  • Hadassah Medical Organization

Investigators

None specified.

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Publications

None provided.
Responsible Party:
LIAT VIDAL FISHER, Dr., Rabin Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01762969
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • CML-IS001
First Posted:
Jan 8, 2013
Last Update Posted:
Jan 8, 2013
Last Verified:
Jan 1, 2013

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Jan 8, 2013