CORRECT-C: Efficacy of Convulsive Therapies During Continuation

Sponsor
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (Other)
Overall Status
Recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT03711019
Collaborator
University of British Columbia (Other), Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences (Other), Brain Canada (Other)
165
Enrollment
3
Locations
3
Arms
58.3
Anticipated Duration (Months)
55
Patients Per Site
0.9
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

This trial aims to assess the efficacy and tolerability of Magnetic Seizure Therapy (MST) and two different forms of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in sustaining response during and after a course of continuation treatment.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Device: Magnetic Seizure Therapy (MST)
  • Device: RUL-UB ECT
  • Device: Bitemporal ECT
N/A

Detailed Description

The study will involve a parallel-group clinical trial with three treatment arms conducted at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto, ON, Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences in Whitby, ON and University of British Columbia (UBC) Hospital in Vancouver, BC. It will include participants who are classified as responders or remitters in the CREST-MST (NCT03191058) trial, the CORRECT-BD (NCT03641300) trial and individuals responding to bitemporal ECT after participating in either of the above trials, who qualify for a continuation course of convulsive therapy to prevent relapse of depression. Individuals blinded to their acute course of treatment will continue to receive the convulsive therapy to which they responded in in a blinded fashion. Continuation treatments will be scheduled according to a modified version of the Symptom-Titrated Algorithm-based Longitudinal ECT (STABLE) algorithm. STABLE includes an initial four week period of ECT delivered on a fixed schedule (once or twice per week), and then transitions to a symptom-driven schedule whereby ECT is delivered between zero and two times per week based on the patient's weekly Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD-24) outcomes during weeks five to 24.

Further, this trial will also include non-responders to MST or right unilateral ultrabrief pulse ECT (RUL-UB ECT) from CREST-MST or CORRECT-BD, who are switched to bitemporal ECT based on their clinical indication. They will receive bitemporal ECT on an acute basis, i.e. 2 - 3 times per week. If their symptoms respond or remit with bitemporal ECT, they will also be offered a continuation course of bitemporal ECT as part of this trial and will be followed in the same manner as those receiving MST or RUL-UB ECT.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
165 participants
Allocation:
Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
The study will involve a parallel-group clinical trial with three treatment arms conducted at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto, ON, Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences in Whitby, ON and UBC Hospital in Vancouver, BC. The investigators plan to enroll up to 105 participants to ensure 70 participants receive a complete course of continuation therapy following MST, RUL-UB ECT, or bitemporal ECT and anticipate enrolling up to 60 participants who will receive an acute course of bitemporal ECT as part of our secondary exploratory outcome over 48 months.The study will involve a parallel-group clinical trial with three treatment arms conducted at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto, ON, Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences in Whitby, ON and UBC Hospital in Vancouver, BC. The investigators plan to enroll up to 105 participants to ensure 70 participants receive a complete course of continuation therapy following MST, RUL-UB ECT, or bitemporal ECT and anticipate enrolling up to 60 participants who will receive an acute course of bitemporal ECT as part of our secondary exploratory outcome over 48 months.
Masking:
Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:
Individuals blinded to their acute course of treatment will continue to receive the convulsive therapy to which they responded in in a blinded fashion.
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
Cognitive Outcomes and the Response/Remission Efficacy of Convulsive Therapies During Continuation: CORRECT-C Trial
Actual Study Start Date :
Oct 22, 2018
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Sep 1, 2022
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Sep 1, 2023

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Magnetic Seizure Therapy (MST)

MST treatments will be administered using the MagPro MST with Cool TwinCoil.

Device: Magnetic Seizure Therapy (MST)
MST treatment will be administered using the MagPro MST with a Cool TwinCoil over the frontal cortex in the midline position using 100 Hz stimulation. Seizure threshold will have been determined during the first treatment session following a standard established protocol in the context of CREST-MST or CORRECT-BD. Treatment in the continuation phase will be administered at the same stimulus dose as the last treatment in acute phase. This will be performed under the effect of anesthesia. The treatment procedure is approximately 10 minutes, followed by a recovery period of approximately 30 minutes.
Other Names:
  • MST
  • Active Comparator: RUL-UB ECT

    ECT treatments will be administered using the MECTA spECTrum 5000Q

    Device: RUL-UB ECT
    In the RUL-UB ECT arm treatment, the MECTA spectrum 5000Q machine will be used, which is an FDA approved device used for providing standard-of-care clinical ECT treatments. Seizure threshold will have been determined during the first treatment session following a standard established protocol in the context of CREST-MST or CORRECT-BD. Treatment in the continuation phase will be administered at the same stimulus dose as the last treatment in acute phase. This will be performed under the effect of anesthesia. The treatment procedure is approximately 10 minutes, followed by a recovery period of approximately 30 minutes.

    Active Comparator: Bitemporal ECT

    ECT treatments will be administered using the MECTA spECTrum 5000Q

    Device: Bitemporal ECT
    Bitemporal ECT treatments will be administered using the MECTA spECTrum 5000Q, which is an FDA approved device used for providing standard-of-care clinical ECT treatments. Bitemporal ECT will be administered at 1.5 times seizure threshold according to standard clinical practice. Treatment in the continuation phase will be administered at the same stimulus dose as the last treatment in acute phase. This will be performed under the effect of anesthesia. The treatment procedure is approximately 10 minutes, followed by a recovery period of approximately 30 minutes.
    Other Names:
  • ECT
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Difference in HRSD-24 Scores between MST and RUL-UB at 6 months [6 months]

      Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (24-item version): This scale is used to quantify the severity of symptoms of depression Scale range: 0-76 (total score) Lower scores indicate lower severity of depressive symptoms (i.e., better outcome) Higher scores indicate higher severity of depressive symptoms (i.e., worse outcome) Non-inferiority trials such as this proposed study specify a non-inferiority margin, with a tolerance of 3.9 points denoting equivalence between the two treatments when the efficacy of MST can be concluded to be not more than 3.9 points on the HRSD-24 at the endpoint of treatment.

    2. Cognitive adverse effects as indexed by the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) [6 months]

      Autobiographical Memory Test: Interviewer-rated measure with 10 items that indexes autobiographical memory recall and specificity. The binary outcome is defined as a worsening of > 25% on the AMT total score.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Differences in relapse status between MST, RUL-UB ECT and bitemporal ECT [6 months]

      The secondary exploratory endpoint will investigate the differences between MST, RUL-UB ECT and bitemporal ECT on relapse status among participants during and after a course of continuation convulsive therapy.

    2. Differences in HRSD-24 scores between MST, RUL-UB ECT and bitemporal ECT [6 months]

      Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (24-item version): This scale is used to quantify the severity of symptoms of depression Scale range: 0-76 (total score) Lower scores indicate lower severity of depressive symptoms (i.e., better outcome) Higher scores indicate higher severity of depressive symptoms (i.e., worse outcome) A further endpoint will explore the difference on HRSD in those that receive MST, RUL-UB ECT and bitemporal ECT.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Criteria

    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    All
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    No

    Participants in the Acute Phase (bitemporal ECT) will have already met the diagnostic criteria and severity eligibility criteria specified in the protocols of CREST-MST and CORRECT-BD.

    At the time of recruitment, participants in the Continuation Phase (MST, RUL-UB ECT,

    Bitemporal ECT) will meet the following eligibility criteria:
    Inclusion Criteria:
    1. are inpatients or outpatients;

    2. are voluntary and competent to consent to treatment and research procedures according to ECT/MST attending psychiatrist;

    3. have met diagnostic criteria as assessed by MINI V6.0 in CREST-MST or CORRECT-BD

    4. are 18 years of age or older

    5. achieve remission defined as HRSD-24 < 10 and a > 60% decrease in scores from baseline on two consecutive ratings OR achieve response on HRSD-24 defined as a 50% reduction in symptoms from baseline;

    6. are considered to be appropriate to receive convulsive therapy as assessed by an ECT attending psychiatrist and a consultant anaesthesiologist

    7. are agreeable to keeping their current antidepressant treatment constant during the intervention;

    8. are likely able to adhere to the intervention schedule;

    9. meet the MST safety criteria;

    10. If a woman of child-bearing potential: is willing to provide a negative pregnancy test and agrees not to become pregnant during trial participation.

    Exclusion Criteria:
    1. have a concomitant major unstable medical illness;

    2. are pregnant or intend to get pregnant during the study;

    3. have probable dementia based on study investigator assessment;

    4. have any significant neurological disorder or condition likely to be associated with increased intracranial pressure or a space occupying brain lesion, e.g., cerebral aneurysm;

    5. present with a medical condition, a medication, or a laboratory abnormality that could cause a major depressive episode or significant cognitive impairment in the opinion of the investigator (e.g., hypothyroidism with low TSH, rheumatoid arthritis requiring high dose prednisone, or Cushing's disease);

    6. have an intracranial implant (e.g., aneurysm clips, shunts, stimulators, cochlear implants, or electrodes) or any other metal object within or near the head, excluding the mouth, that cannot be safely removed;

    7. require a benzodiazepine with dose greater than lorazepam 2 mg/day or equivalent or any anticonvulsant due to the potential of these medications to limit the efficacy of both MST and ECT;

    8. are unable to communicate in English fluently enough to complete the neuropsychological tests;

    9. have a non-correctable clinically significant sensory impairment (i.e., cannot hear or see well enough to complete the neuropsychological tests)

    Contacts and Locations

    Locations

    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1UBC Hospital, University of British Columbia (UBC)VancouverBritish ColumbiaCanadaV6T2A1
    2Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention, Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoOntarioCanadaM6J 1H4
    3Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health SciencesWhitbyOntarioCanadaL1N 5S9

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
    • University of British Columbia
    • Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences
    • Brain Canada

    Investigators

    • Principal Investigator: Daniel Blumberger, MD, MSc, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Additional Information:

    Publications

    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Daniel Blumberger, Medical Head and Co-Director, Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT03711019
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • 022-2018
    First Posted:
    Oct 18, 2018
    Last Update Posted:
    Nov 17, 2021
    Last Verified:
    Nov 1, 2021
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Undecided
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Undecided
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    No
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    No
    Keywords provided by Daniel Blumberger, Medical Head and Co-Director, Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Nov 17, 2021