Combined Antioxidant Therapy on Oxidative Stress in Aqueous and Vitreous Humor of Diabetic Retinopathy Patients
The present study aims to support previous research on the effects of antioxidant therapy on the outcome of diabetic retinopathy and local oxidative stress values. The researchers intend to evaluate 56 patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy undergoing the vitrectomy procedure, who will be assigned to a placebo group or combination antioxidant therapy. Each group will receive the intervention for 2 months. This intervention consists of taking one tablet (placebo or antioxidant therapy) orally, once a day.
At the beginning of the study, only blood samples will be collected to evaluate the state of oxidative and metabolic stress at a systemic level. After 2 months of intervention, blood samples will be taken again on the day of the intervention, adding the samples of aqueous and vitreous humor obtained during the vitrectomy. The results obtained between both groups and the different analysis matrices will be compared.
|Condition or Disease||Intervention/Treatment||Phase|
Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes microvascular complication due to an insufficient oxygen supply to its endothelial cells in states of constant hyperglycemia. This entity is classified in two main categories: non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy, the latter is characterized for the presence of neovascularization as oppose to the first one.
Oxidative stress has been considered as one of the main factors in the development of diabetic retinopathy. It is a result from an imbalance between oxidants production and cellular antioxidant defenses, which provokes DNA damage.
The treatment of diabetic retinopathy simply includes glycemic, lipemic and blood pressure control. Only when the view is compromised is when a vitrectomy is performed, which usually occurs in the more advanced stages such as the proliferative stage. Antioxidant therapy has been used as a coadjuvant for these interventions, complementing the action and efficacy of the treatment established for diabetic retinopathy in the early stages. However, in order to obtain vitreous and aqueous humor, the vitrectomy procedure is required, which is only carried out in the proliferative stage.
Diabetic retinopathy is a specific and chronic complication of diabetes mellitus and is known to have a prevalence of 43.6% internationally and 31.5% in the Mexican population. It represents the main cause of visual blindness and weakness in the economically active population, which also affects the quality of life and the productivity of the people who suffer it.
The researchers intend to evaluate whether antioxidant therapy influences the levels of oxidative stress markers at the ocular level.
Arms and Interventions
|Active Comparator: Combined Antioxidant Therapy group|
This arm will be administered with the combined antioxidant therapy, and will consist of 28 patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) who will undergo vitrectomy.
Drug: Combined antioxidant therapy
It consists of a tablet with lutein (10 mg), astaxanthin (4 mg), Zeaxanthin (1 mg), vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid 180 mg), vitamin E (DL-alpha tocopherol 30 mg), zinc (zinc oxide 20 mg), copper (copper sulfate 1 mg), taken once a day for 12 months
|Placebo Comparator: Placebo group|
This arm will be administered with placebo, and will consist of 28 patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) who will undergo vitrectomy.
It consists in a capsule with 100 mg of magnesium oxide
Primary Outcome Measures
- Compare levels of markers of oxidative stress in aqueous humor and vitreous humor [1 measure will be made after 2 months of intervention]
The investigators will measure oxidative stress markers in aqueous and vitreous humor taken during vitrectomy procedure and compare such results between both intervention groups.
- Changes in concentration of plasma 8-isoprostanes after intervention. [2 measures will be made, 1 at baseline, and one after completion of 2 months of intervention]
The investigators will consider changes presented in plasma concentrations of 8-isoprostanes from baseline to the end of the intervention. The investigators expect to find a decrease in 8-isoprostanes concentrations in the supplemented group.
- Changes in concentration of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) after intervention from baseline. [2 measures will be made, 1 at baseline, and one after completion of 2 months of intervention]
The investigators will consider changes presented in plasma concentrations of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) from baseline to the end of the intervention. The investigators expect to find TAC augmentation in the supplemented group.
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Correlate the levels of 8-isoprostanes in systemic samples, aqueous humor and vitreous humor with the glycosylated hemoglobin value of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. [1 measure of glycated hemoglobin will be taken at baseline]
The investigators will consider levels of 8-isoprostanes in serum, aqueous humor and vitreous humor after intervention and baseline glycated hemoglobin
- Correlate the levels of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in systemic samples, aqueous humor and vitreous humor with the glycosylated hemoglobin value of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. [1 measure of glycated hemoglobin will be taken at baseline]
The investigators will consider levels of total antioxidant capacity in serum, aqueous humor and vitreous humor after intervention and baseline glycated hemoglobin
Patients with type 2 with proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Blood pressure under 160/100 mmHg
HbA1c equal or lower than 9%
LDL under 190mg/dl, triglycerides under 500mg/dl)
Signed informed consent
Patients scheduled for vitrectomy surgery, under the following indications:
Severe vitreous hemorrhage lasting 1-3 months or longer, which does not go away spontaneously
Rhegmatogenous or tensile retina detachment
Epiretinal membrane that involves macula and that includes vitreomacular traction
Vitreous hemorrhage for any cause other than Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy complication
Patients with vitrectomy surgery in the last 6 months
Patients with laser surgery in the last 6 months
Intravitreal application of antiangiogenic agents in the last 2 months
Patients with other ocular pathologies such as age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, endophthalmitis, conjunctivitis of any etiology, severe lacrimal film dysfunction syndrome, etc.
Patients with concomitant systemic diseases such as: rheumatoid arthritis, sjogren's syndrome, upper respiratory tract infections, gastrointestinal infections, sepsis, any infectious process
Patients with severe cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction, stroke, severe peripheral vascular disease)
Oral antioxidant intake that exceeds the daily recommendations in the last 6 months.
Consumption of pharmacological agents such as: immunomodulators, biological, anti-inflammatory, in the last 3 months
Patients with neurodegenerative or carcinogen processes
Patients who are currently participating in other clinical trials
Contacts and Locations
|1||Institute of Experimental and Clinical Therapeutics,||Guadalajara||Jalisco||Mexico||44340|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- University of Guadalajara
- Hospital Civil de Guadalajara
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.
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