ALCDrive: Validation of Driving Simulator to Blood Alcohol Concentration Standards for Impaired Driving

Rush University Medical Center (Other)
Overall Status
Completed ID

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The proposed study will validate and determine sensitivity of our new driving simulator, created to evaluate driving ability in a related study to show similar driving performance between patients on chronic opioid treatment and a control group. Although the commercial version of the simulator has been validated for certain populations and certain measures, these require re-calibration for our own clinical study. The investigators propose a prospective randomized clinical trial to evaluate driving skills under alcohol consumption using a driving simulator. Two groups of study subjects will be utilized, with the majority (80%) receiving alcohol and placebo at different times. A smaller set of study subjects (20%) will be given placebo on both trials to evaluate learning effects and placebo blinding effectiveness. Each group will take the driving test at three time points: once as a baseline at the beginning of the study, once after the 1st dosing of the placebo and again after dosing two of the alcohol or placebo beverage. This information will allow us to evaluate driving ability under other potentially impairing conditions such as opioid usage.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
Phase 3

Detailed Description

Subjects will be recruited via discreet flyers distributed around the Rush University Medical Campus. Subjects will be scheduled so that a maximum of 6 participants are evaluated on the same day. Some evaluation days may fall on the weekend. Study duration is estimated at 4-5 hours, and at the completion the subjects will be driven to their respective residences.

Upon arrival subjects will complete questionnaires which contain demographic information and measures to evaluate possible alcohol abuse issues. All subjects will be given a short driving simulator practice and then the baseline simulator trial. Subjects will be randomized into two groups as part of a study, with an 80% probability of selection for group A and a 20% probability of selection for Group P. Group P will only be given placebos so that any learning effects can be estimated. In addition to the baseline, both groups will take the full driving test two additional times each preceded by an alcohol or placebo dosing. Of these two trials only on Trial#2 of Group A is alcohol given. Both groups will receiver placebo on simulator Trial #1.

Alcohol trial (Group A only):

The alcohol dose will consist of a 40% alcohol (vodka) liquor in a beverage containing 2 parts orange juice and 1 part liquor. The exact amount/volume of alcohol will be determined based on factors such as weight and sex so as to reach a peak BAC of 0.08%.

The primary contrast of interest is the comparison between the placebo and the alcohol dosed driving simulation trials. Analyses will take place with general linear models framework, using "Proc Mixed" to model the repeated measures design and produce accurate estimate of the pre-planned comparisons as well as main effects and longitudinal estimates. Various outcome variables that measure driving ability will be used, the three primary measures being: a measure of weaving (Standard Deviation of Lateral Deviation), Reaction Time (RT) to unexpected stimuli, and number of accidents. The placebo, Group P, will be evaluated to estimate the effect of learning and to estimate the effectiveness of the placebo sham.

Study Design

Study Type:
Actual Enrollment :
32 participants
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose:
Official Title:
Validation of Driving Simulator Measures and Calibration to Blood Alcohol Concentration Standards for Impaired Driving
Study Start Date :
Feb 1, 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date :
Jul 1, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date :
Dec 1, 2021

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
Active Comparator: Alcohol


Drug: Alcohol
Dose with Alcohol (Vodka) to make blood alcohol concentration 0.08%
Other Names:
  • Vodka
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo

    Orange juice

    Drug: placebo
    Placebo (orange juice), same volume as alcohol
    Other Names:
  • Orange Juice
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Weaving (Standard Deviation of Lateral Deviation) [6 h]

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Reaction Time (RT) to unexpected stimuli, and number of accidents [6 h]

    Eligibility Criteria


    Ages Eligible for Study:
    21 Years to 80 Years
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    Inclusion Criteria:
    1. Legal drinking age (=> 21).

    2. Moderate alcohol consumption

    • Defined as: at least 1 unit per week but less than 20 units per week. (unit = 12 oz. beer or equivalent).
    1. Current driver's license.

    2. Subjects can understand and communicate in English.

    Exclusion Criteria:
    1. Known alcoholic or drug abuser.

    2. Alcohol naïve.

    3. Use of medications that may be aggravated (or contraindicated) by alcohol.

    4. Pregnant or breast feeding.

    5. Younger than 21 years or older than 80 years.

    Contacts and Locations


    Site City State Country Postal Code
    1 Rush University Medical Center Chicago Illinois United States 60612

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • Rush University Medical Center


    • Study Director: Asokumar Buvanendran, MD, Rush University Medical Center

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information


    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Mario Moric, Research Coordinator, Rush University Medical Center Identifier:
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • MMoric111207
    First Posted:
    Nov 16, 2007
    Last Update Posted:
    Aug 23, 2022
    Last Verified:
    Aug 1, 2022
    Keywords provided by Mario Moric, Research Coordinator, Rush University Medical Center

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Aug 23, 2022