The Embedded Participant During High-fidelity Simulation

Claude Bernard University (Other)
Overall Status
Recruiting ID
Anticipated Duration (Months)
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Simulation in medicine is a powerful and effective teaching tool that has become essential for the training of students and health professionals.

In this context, simulation instructor training have been implemented in recent years, where many subjects are addressed, such as the main principles of pedagogy, the integration of simulation, the construction of a scenario, briefing and debriefing.

However, scenario facilitation, in particular the role of the embedded participant (EP), is only vaguely discussed. The EP of a high-fidelity simulation session plays a very important role in driving the scenario. Indeed, he/she guides the learner in order to achieve all the educational objectives set by the main instructor of the scenario. He/she also manages unexpected behavior and possible technical issues that may arise. Finally, the EP supervises the physical and psychological risks inherent in the simulation in order to maintain a safe environment.

All of these key roles suggest that the EP can influence the performance of the learners. Little is known about the relationship between Facilitation and Learner Performance.

In this observational study, investigators aim to explore the influence of the embedded participant on learners' technical and non-technical performances during high-fidelity simulation by analysing previously recorded sessions.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase

    Detailed Description

    In this observational study, investigators aim to measure performance on high-fidelity simulation scenarios (HFS) used routinely in the current anesthesiology, training curriculum. Age, sex, previous experience of HFS will be noted. All data will be anonymized.

    Two investigators will independently evaluate the performance of HFS by video record:
    • technical performance on tables pre-established by experienced instructors and based on international recommendations,

    • non-technical performances, assessed using the Ottawa Global Rating Scale.

    Study Design

    Study Type:
    Anticipated Enrollment :
    340 participants
    Observational Model:
    Time Perspective:
    Official Title:
    The Role of the Embedded Participant on Learners' Performance During High- Fidelity Simulation
    Actual Study Start Date :
    Sep 1, 2021
    Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
    Oct 1, 2022
    Anticipated Study Completion Date :
    Nov 1, 2022

    Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Technical Skills Performance [1 month (review video)]

      technical performance on a scale pre-established according to each scenario rated from 0 to 100.

    2. Non-technical skills performance [1 month (review video)]

      Ottawa Crisis Resource Management Global Rating Scale rated from 6 to 42.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Demographic characteristics [1 month (collect data)]

      demographic data related to the instructors (embedded participants) through a questionary

    Eligibility Criteria


    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years to 100 Years
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Resident physicians in anesthesia/intensive care- postgraduate year 1-5 participating in HFS training sessions from 2015 to 2021

    • Consent for recording

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Denial to be recorded

    Contacts and Locations


    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1Claude Bernard UniversityLyonFrance

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • Claude Bernard University


    • Study Chair: thomas rimmele, PhD, Claude Bernard University

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information


    Responsible Party:
    Lilot Marc, MD, Claude Bernard University Identifier:
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • FAC1
    First Posted:
    May 24, 2021
    Last Update Posted:
    Nov 30, 2021
    Last Verified:
    Oct 1, 2021
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    Keywords provided by Lilot Marc, MD, Claude Bernard University

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Nov 30, 2021