Estimation of the Prevalence of HER2 Low and Describe the SoC, Treatment Patterns, and Outcome in Real-world Practice Among Unresectable and/or Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients With HER2 Low Status
This is a worldwide, multicenter, non-interventional, retrospective study of patient medical records from metastatic breast cancer (mBC) patients previously identified as human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-neg), regardless of hormone status.
|Condition or Disease||Intervention/Treatment||Phase|
This is a worldwide, multicenter, non-interventional, retrospective study. The study will consist of 2 components. The first component involves local lab rescoring of qualified historical HER2 fixed tissue immunohistochemistry (IHC) stained slides (preferably using Ventana 4B5 assay) at sites (post-training) for mBC patients previously identified as HER2-neg, and independent central retesting of HER2 status using Ventana 4B5 assay for any enrolled patients with available archived tissue samples at designated central laboratories. Local lab rescoring and independent central retesting/local lab retesting will be conducted blinded of historical HER2 IHC scores.
The second component involves linking the rescored IHC status to the patient medical record either through registry databases or patient chart review. Such information will be used to describe the patient demographics, histopathological features, clinical presentation, and treatment patterns following mBC diagnosis, and clinical outcomes in real-world settings for all patients with HER2 scores of 0, >0 and < 1+, and 1+2+/ISH- (HER2 low). The clinicopathological and other relevant BC biomarker information will also be examined based on historical biomarker testing results and/or new testing conducted as part of this study.
Arms and Interventions
Patients with confirmed diagnosis of HER2-neg, unresectable and/or mBC regardless of hormone status dating back from 31 December 2017 - but no older than 01 January 2015 - who progressed on any systematic anti-cancer therapy will be involved in this study.
Other: None (Observational study)
The data source for this project will be HER2 IHC historical scores, local lab rescoring of historical HER2 fixed tissue slides, independent central retesting or local lab retesting (under special occasions) of HER2 IHC status for enrolled patients who have available tissue, other biomarker testing results based on historical testing and/or testing of archived tissue samples when available, and curated patient-level data. Real-world data sources include electronic health records/electronic medical records (EHR/EMR) and biobank registries. Data from EHR/EMR sources will be curated. Biobank tissue for enrolled patients who have multiple samples available will be selected consecutively when possible and will start with the latest available samples then move backward in time.
Primary Outcome Measures
- Prevalence/Incidence of HER2 low among HER2-neg mBC patients, based on rescoring of historical HER2 fixed tissue IHC stained slides by Ventana 4B5 assay [Retrospective: From 01 January 2015 to 31 December 2020]
To describe the overall prevalence and disease burden of HER2 low (IHC 1+, 2+/ISH-) among unresectable and/or mBC patients identified as HER2-neg, based on rescoring of historical HER2 fixed tissue IHC stained slides by Ventana 4B5 assay. The prevalence of HER2 low (IHC 1+, 2+/ISH-) at unresectable/metastatic BC diagnosis, determined based on rescoring of historical HER2 IHC slides locally, among patients confirmed to be HER2-neg (HER2 IHC zero and HER2 IHC 1+ and 2+/ISH-) by rescoring of historical HER2 IHC slides, will be calculated by the following, based on the re-established HER2 status determined for each patient: Prevalence of HER2 low = (Number of patients with HER2 low)/(Total number of HER2 negative patients )
- Disease outcome: Time to first subsequent treatment (TFST) [Retrospective: From 01 January 2015 to 31 December 2020]
To compare TFST between HER2 low BC patients and the HER2 IHC zero patient population. TFST is defined as the length of time from the initiation of treatment to the initiation of the patient's next systemic treatment.
- Disease outcome: Time to treatment failure (TTF) [Retrospective: From 01 January 2015 to 31 December 2020]
To compare TTF between HER2 low BC patients and the HER2 IHC zero patient population. TTF is defined as the length of time from initiation of treatment to premature discontinuation.
- Disease outcome: Overall survival (OS) [Retrospective: From 01 January 2015 to 31 December 2020]
To compare OS between HER2 low BC patients and the HER2 IHC zero patient population. OS is defined as the length of time from the initiation of treatment that patients are still alive.
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Clinicopathological characteristics in patients with HER2 low BC [Retrospective: From 01 January 2015 to 31 December 2020]
HER2 low disease will be assessed using descriptive statistics of histopathological and clinicopathological characteristics. A comparison will be made with the HER2 IHC zero patient population.
- Concordance of HER2 rescore with historical HER2 score [Retrospective: From 01 January 2015 to 31 December 2020]
The concordance between historical HER2 IHC scores and local lab rescoring in the HER2-neg region (IHC score zero, 1+, and 2+) will be characterized. The concordance between historical scoringHER2 IHC scores and independent central retesting of HER2 IHC status in the HER2-neg region will be assessed using Cohen's Kappa statistics to assess agreement beyond chance alone. By convention, Kappa equal or greater than 0.8 is often considered almost perfect agreement, Kappa between 0.8 and 0.6 is considered substantial agreement.
- Prevalence of HER2 low among unresectable and/or mBC patients identified as HER2-neg based on other IHC assays [Retrospective: From 01 January 2015 to 31 December 2020]
To describe HER2 low prevalence among unresectable and/or mBC patients identified as HER2-neg based on other IHC assays, compared with Ventana 4B5 assay.
- Prevalence of HER2 low in HR-positive and HR-negative population [Retrospective: From 01 January 2015 to 31 December 2020]
The overall prevalence of HER2 low among unresectable and/or mBC patients identified as HER2-neg, regardless of assays used, will be summarized descriptively for HR-positive and HR-negative population, respectively.
Men or women:
≥ 18 years of age when consent provided for future sample and clinical data use - applicable for all countries participating in the study except Japan
≥ 20 years of age when consent provided for future sample and clinical data use - applicable for Japan only
Must have a histological or cytological confirmed diagnosis of unresectable or/and mBC between 01 January 2015 and 31 December 2017
Must have provided written consent allowing for data and samples to be used in the future and this study would be covered by the consent for future use. If the patient is deceased, a waiver may be accepted
Diagnosed as HER2-neg (HER2 IHC 0, 1+, 2+/ISH-), regardless of hormone status
Progressed on any systemic anti-cancer therapy (eg, endocrine therapy, chemotherapy, CDK4/6i, targeted therapies other than anti-HER2, or immunotherapy) in the metastatic setting
Must have historical HER2 fixed tissue IHC stained slides (preferably stained using Ventana 4B5 assay) in acceptable quality for accurate rescoring.
Have a history of other malignancies, other than basal cell carcinoma of the skin and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Patients with historical HER2 status of IHC 2+/ISH+ or 3+, or HER2 amplified.
Contacts and Locations
|1||Research Site||Houston||Texas||United States||77030|
|3||Research Site||Quebec||Montreal||Canada||H3T 1E2|
|9||Research Site||Seoul||Korea||Korea, Republic of||3722|
|12||Research Site||Uppsala||Uppsala County||Sweden||S-751 85|
|13||Research Site||Manchester||England||United Kingdom||M20 4BX|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- Daiichi Sankyo, Inc.
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.