Testing the Addition of Ipatasertib to Usual Chemotherapy and Radiation for Stage III-IVB Head and Neck Cancer

Sponsor
National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH)
Overall Status
Recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT05172245
Collaborator
(none)
36
1
1
49.6
0.7

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

This phase I/Ib trial tests the safety and best dose of ipatasertib in combination with the usual treatment approach using chemotherapy together with radiation therapy ("chemo-radiation") in patients with stage III-IVB head and neck cancer. Ipatasertib is in a class of medications called protein kinase B (AKT) inhibitors. It may stop the growth of tumor cells and may kill them. Cisplatin which is a chemotherapy used in this trial is in a class of medications known as platinum-containing compounds. It works by killing, stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells. Radiation therapy uses high energy to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving ipatasertib in combination with chemo-radiation may be better than chemo-radiation alone in treating patients with advanced head and neck cancer.

Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:
  1. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of ipatasertib in combination with definitive chemoradiation in locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) based on dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs).
SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:
  1. To assess acute and late toxicities, based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0.

  2. To assess long-term swallowing function, based on gastric tube dependency at 6 and 12 months that is different from baseline.

  3. To determine duration and completion rate of prescribed radiation and chemotherapy.

  4. To determine pharmacokinetic profile of ipatasertib in combination with cisplatin and radiation therapy, based on peak and trough blood levels in patients administered ipatasertib orally.

  5. To determine pharmacodynamic effects of ipatasertib at the MTD, based on pAKT, pS6 and pPRAS40 as markers of AKT pathway inhibition, and gamma-H2AX as a marker of radiosensitization.

  6. To observe and record anti-tumor activity (objective response rate) by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria, locoregional control, relapse-free survival, and overall survival) of the combination of ipatasertib, cisplatin, and radiation therapy in patients with HNSCC.

  7. To correlate efficacy outcomes with tumor genotype, based on whole exome sequencing of pre-treatment biopsy specimens.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of ipatasertib in combination with fixed-dose cisplatin and radiation therapy followed by a dose-expansion study.

DOSE ESCALATION:

Patients receive ipatasertib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 of each cycle. Patients also receive cisplatin intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycle 1 and days 1, 8, and 15 of cycle 2. Patients undergo radiation therapy (RT) daily (Monday-Friday) during weeks 1-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for a total of 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

DOSE EXPANSION:

Patients receive ipatasertib PO QD on days 2-28 or 3-28 of cycle 1 and 1-28 of subsequent cycles. Patients also receive cisplatin IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycle 1 and days 1, 8, and 15 of cycle 2. Patients undergo RT daily (Monday-Friday) during weeks 1-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for a total of 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days, and then for up to 2 years.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
36 participants
Allocation:
N/A
Intervention Model:
Single Group Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
Phase I/Ib Study of AKT Inhibitor Ipatasertib With Chemoradiation for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer
Actual Study Start Date :
Apr 12, 2022
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Jun 1, 2026
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Jun 1, 2026

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
Experimental: Treatment (ipatasertib, cisplatin, radiation therapy)

DOSE ESCALATION: Patients receive ipatasertib PO QD on days 1-28 of each cycle. Patients also receive cisplatin IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycle 1 and days 1, 8, and 15 of cycle 2. Patients undergo RT daily (Monday-Friday) during weeks 1-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for a total of 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. DOSE EXPANSION: Patients receive ipatasertib PO QD on days 2-28 or 3-28 of cycle 1 and 1-28 of subsequent cycles. Patients also receive cisplatin IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycle 1 and days 1, 8, and 15 of cycle 2. Patients undergo RT daily (Monday-Friday) during weeks 1-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for a total of 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: Cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Abiplatin
  • Blastolem
  • Briplatin
  • CDDP
  • Cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloro Platinum (II)
  • Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum
  • Cis-dichloroammine Platinum (II)
  • Cis-platinous Diamine Dichloride
  • Cis-platinum
  • Cis-platinum II
  • Cis-platinum II Diamine Dichloride
  • Cismaplat
  • Cisplatina
  • Cisplatinum
  • Cisplatyl
  • Citoplatino
  • Citosin
  • Cysplatyna
  • DDP
  • Lederplatin
  • Metaplatin
  • Neoplatin
  • Peyrone's Chloride
  • Peyrone's Salt
  • Placis
  • Plastistil
  • Platamine
  • Platiblastin
  • Platiblastin-S
  • Platinex
  • Platinol
  • Platinol- AQ
  • Platinol-AQ
  • Platinol-AQ VHA Plus
  • Platinoxan
  • Platinum
  • Platinum Diamminodichloride
  • Platiran
  • Platistin
  • Platosin
  • Drug: Ipatasertib
    Given PO
    Other Names:
  • GDC-0068
  • RG-7440
  • Radiation: Radiation Therapy
    Undergo radiation therapy
    Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • ENERGY_TYPE
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • Irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiation Therapy, NOS
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • Radiotherapy
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of ipatasertib in combination with definitive chemo-radiation [At the completion of dose escalation phase, up to 56 days from treatment start date]

      Patients who receive at least 70% of the prescribed course of ipatasertib on radiation days will be evaluable for dose limiting toxicity (DLT) assessment. After the escalation phase of the trial is completed, the MTD will be selected using the pooled-adjacent-violators algorithm (PAVA), a type of isotonic regression, as specified in Liu and Yuan (2015).

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Acute and late toxicities [From 90 days after the end of radiation treatment up to 1 year from treatment completion date]

      Will be assessed according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0. Toxicities occurring > 90 days from the end of radiation will be considered late toxicities. This will include assessment of long-term swallowing function, based on gastric tube dependency at 6 and 12 months as compared to baseline due to the effects of the primary tumor. Descriptive statistics will be used to summarize these toxicities.

    2. Duration and completion rate of prescribed radiation and chemotherapy [Up to 2 years]

      Descriptive statistics will also be used to summarize the duration and completion rate of prescribed radiation and chemotherapy.

    3. Objective response rate [Up to 2 years]

      Assessed based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), as well as locoregional control, relapse-free survival, and overall survival. Two-sample t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, or log rank test will be used where appropriate to analyze the correlation between efficacy outcomes and pre-treatment genotypic abnormalities in the AKT pathway based on whole exome sequencing and PTEN immunohistochemistry (IHC).

    4. Pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of ipatasertib in combination with cisplatin [Up to 2 years]

      Will be assessed using peak and trough blood levels in patients administered ipatasertib orally during weeks 2 and 3 of study treatment. The combined therapy will be compared to historical PK data for drug alone, in order to assess for a drug-drug interaction.

    5. Pharmacodynamic effects of ipatasertib [Up to 2 years]

      Based on pAKT, pS6 and PRAS40 as markers of AKT pathway inhibition, and gamma-H2AX as a marker of radiosensitization. Two-sample t-test and Mann-Whitney U test will be used where appropriate to compare values before and after the addition of ipatasertib to chemoradiation.

    6. Locoregional control [Up to 2 years]

      Two-sample t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, or log rank test will be used where appropriate to analyze the correlation between efficacy outcomes and pre-treatment genotypic abnormalities in the AKT pathway based on whole exome sequencing and PTEN IHC.

    7. Relapse-free survival [From start of treatment to the time of cancer recurrence or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 2 years]

      Two-sample t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, or log rank test will be used where appropriate to analyze the correlation between efficacy outcomes and pre-treatment genotypic abnormalities in the AKT pathway based on whole exome sequencing and PTEN IHC.

    8. Overall survival [From the start of treatment that patients are still alive, assessed up to 2 years]

      Two-sample t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, or log rank test will be used where appropriate to analyze the correlation between efficacy outcomes and pre-treatment genotypic abnormalities in the AKT pathway based on whole exome sequencing and PTEN IHC.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Criteria

    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    All
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    No
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Patients must have pathologically confirmed HNSCC (including tumors of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx, oral cavity, nasal cavity, maxillary and other paranasal sinuses, and unknown primary of the head and neck), with measurable disease as per RECIST 1.1

    • Oropharyngeal and unknown primary squamous cell cancers must test negative for human papilloma virus (HPV), for example by p16 immunohistochemistry (IHC), in situ hybridization (ISH), or polymerase chain reaction (PCR), regardless of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)/TNM stage. HPV testing is not required for other HNSCC primary tumor sites

    • Clinical stage III-IVB (locally advanced but non-metastatic) according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)/TNM Staging System, 8th Ed.

    • Must be candidate for concurrent, definitive cisplatin and radiation therapy as judged by the treating physician

    • Able to swallow tablets at the time of enrollment

    • Age >= 18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of ipatasertib in combination with chemoradiation in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study

    • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1

    • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months

    • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mcL

    • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL

    • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL

    • Serum albumin >= 3 g/dL

    • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)

    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN / 2 x institutional ULN

    • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) =< 2.0 x institutional ULN

    • Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) (or activated [a]PTT) and international normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.5 institutional ULN (except for patients receiving anticoagulation therapy)

    • Creatinine clearance (CLcr) > 30 mL/min

    • Fasting glucose =< 150 mg/dL (8.3 mmol/L) and hemoglobin A1C =< 7.5% (58 mmol/mol)

    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients are eligible if on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months

    • Patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B virus surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive hepatitis B core antibody [HBcAb] test, accompanied by a negative HBV deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] test) are eligible. Patients with chronic HBV infection are eligible if the HBV viral load is undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated. Patients undergoing current treatment with anti-viral therapy for HBV are ineligible

    • Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA). Patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load

    • Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial

    • The effects of ipatasertib on the developing human fetus are unknown. For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 28 days after the last dose of ipatasertib and agreement to refrain from donating eggs during this same period. For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm during the treatment period and for 28 days after the last dose of ipatasertib

    • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

    • For the expansion cohort only, patients must agree to undergo mandatory on-treatment biopsies, and have tumors amenable to on-treatment biopsies. This is not applicable to the dose escalation cohort where no on-treatment biopsies are obtained

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Primary tumor of nasopharynx, salivary, thyroid or parathyroid glands, or skin

    • Distant metastases from the current HNSCC

    • Prior treatment (e.g., chemotherapy, radiation, or definitive surgery) for the current locally advanced HNSCC is not permitted. Biopsies, including those performed under anesthesia, are not considered surgery. Patients who underwent prior definitive surgery alone for an early stage (T1-2N0) HNSCC which has now recurred with stage III-IVB disease at least 3 months after the initial surgery are eligible

    • For patients with a prior history of another malignancy, no prior chemotherapy or radiation may have been administered within 6 weeks prior to study entry. Among patients who received prior radiation to the head and neck or adjacent anatomical site for another malignancy, there may be no overlap with current area to be irradiated

    • Current use of any other investigational agents

    • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ipatasertib or other agents used in study

    • Treatment with strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 or P-glycoprotein within 2 weeks or 5 drug-elimination half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to initiation of study drug. Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated medical reference. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product

    • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including active infection

    • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because ipatasertib is an oral AKT inhibitor with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with ipatasertib, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with ipatasertib. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study

    • Patients with Type I or Type II diabetes mellitus requiring insulin at study entry. Patients with non-insulin dependent Type II diabetes mellitus are eligible, as are patients who are on a stable dose of oral diabetes medication >= 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment. Patients must meet the laboratory eligibility criteria for fasting blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c

    • History of or active inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) or active bowel inflammation (e.g., diverticulitis)

    • History of malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with enteral absorption or results in the inability or unwillingness to swallow pills

    • Lung disease: pneumonitis, interstitial lung disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, cystic fibrosis, aspergillosis, active tuberculosis, or history of opportunistic infections (pneumocystis pneumonia or cytomegalovirus pneumonia)

    • Known clinically significant history of liver disease consistent with Child Pugh Class B or C, including active viral or other hepatitis (e.g., positive for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] or hepatitis C virus [HCV] antibody at screening), or cirrhosis.

    • Grade >= 2 uncontrolled or untreated hypercholesterolemia (cholesterol > 300 mg/dL or

    7.75 mmol/L) or hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides > 300 mg/dL or > 3.42 mmol/L)

    Contacts and Locations

    Locations

    Site City State Country Postal Code
    1 Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey New Brunswick New Jersey United States 08903

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • National Cancer Institute (NCI)

    Investigators

    • Principal Investigator: Malcolm D Mattes, University Health Network Princess Margaret Cancer Center LAO

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Publications

    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT05172245
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • NCI-2021-13901
    • NCI-2021-13901
    • 10492
    • 10492
    • UM1CA186644
    First Posted:
    Dec 29, 2021
    Last Update Posted:
    Aug 9, 2022
    Last Verified:
    Jun 1, 2022
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Yes
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Yes
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    Yes
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    No
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Aug 9, 2022