A Study of Decreasing Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy in People With Head and Neck Cancer

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (Other)
Overall Status
CT.gov ID

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to test the treatment approach of de-escalated radiation and chemotherapy followed by a planned neck dissection surgery in people with head and neck cancer. The study will look at how effective the treatment approach is against participants' cancer.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
  • Diagnostic Test: 18F-FMISO PET/CT scan
  • Radiation: Chemoradiation therapy
  • Drug: Carboplatin
Phase 2

Study Design

Study Type:
Anticipated Enrollment :
30 participants
Intervention Model:
Single Group Assignment
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Official Title:
A Pilot Study of Radiation and Chemotherapy De-Escalation for p16-Negative Oropharyngeal Cancer and p16-Negative or Positive Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancers
Actual Study Start Date :
Sep 12, 2022
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Mar 12, 2024
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Mar 12, 2024

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
Experimental: Participants with Small Cell Carcinoma Head and Neck Cancer

Participants will be hypoxia-negative T0-3N1-2B small cell carcinoma head and neck cancer/SCC HNC patients (HPV-OPC, HPV- UPC with nodal metastasis(es), HPC, or LXC) who are eligible for definitive CRT with de-escalated radiation concurrent with 2 cycles of SOC chemotherapy. Hypoxia status will be determined by the absence of hypoxia radiotracer uptake on 18F-FMISO PET/CT imaging

Diagnostic Test: 18F-FMISO PET/CT scan
18F-FMISO PET/CT scan (only 1 injection) that occurs 5-10 treatment days after RT start

Radiation: Chemoradiation therapy
18F-FMISO hypoxia negative patients complete CRT with 70Gy primary tumor and 50Gy de-escalated RT dose to gross nodes (if 50Gy is has pilot efficacy, then 44Gy to gross nodes; if 44Gy has pilot efficacy, then 40Gy to gross nodes). 18F-FMISO hypoxia positive patients are taken off study and complete SOC 70Gy CRT to primary tumor and gross nodes.
Other Names:
  • CRT
  • Drug: Carboplatin
    The chemotherapy used in this protocol is the standard of care for head and neck cancer, cisplatin or carboplatin/5-Fluorouracil

    Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Number of participants alive post-Chemo Radiation Therapy [2.5 years]

      The primary objective is to assess the pilot efficacy of RT dose de-escalation to grossly involved lymph nodes for hypoxia negative T0-T3N1-2B HPV- OPC/UPC and HPC/LXC patients. For evaluation on the efficacy of the regimen in this cohort, a simple decision rule will be implemented as follows: If, among the first 10 evaluable patients, we have at least 8 patients who are alive, followed, and have major pathological response on planned neck dissection at 4 months ± 1 month post-CRT, then we will declare the treatment modality using that RT dose has pilot efficacy and will then proceed with treatment at the next de-escalated dose level.

    Eligibility Criteria


    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of SCC of the head and neck (excluding nasopharynx, nasal cavity/paranasal sinus, oral cavity, salivary, thyroid, and cutaneous primary malignancies).

    • Any unknown primary SCC of the head and neck with radiographically detectable gross nodes is allowed (core or excisional biopsy acceptable; if excisional biopsy is performed, there must be residual radiographically detectable nodal disease; FNA may be acceptable only with PI and/or co-PI approval)

    • If the primary site is oropharynx or unknown primary, P16 IHC must be negative.

    • If the primary site is hypopharynx or larynx, any P16 status is acceptable (positive, negative, or unknown). P16 IHC is strongly encouraged when possible.

    • Clinical stage T0-3 N1-2B M0 (AJCC 7th edition) without evidence of distant metastasis based on staging FDG PET/CT.

    • 18 years of age or older.

    • Must not have received prior radiation therapy or chemotherapy for HNC.

    • Patients who have had their primary site tumor removed by surgery but still have residual grossly enlarged, radiographically detectable lymph nodes are eligible for this study.

    • Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥ 70.

    • CT or MRI of the Neck with and without contrast

    o Note: A CT scan of the Neck and/or a PET/CT performed for the purposes of radiation planning may serve as planning tools.

    • Adequate hematologic function within 30 days prior to registration, defined as follows:

    • White Blood Count (WBC) ≥ 2,000 cells/µL

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000 cells/mm3

    • Platelets ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3

    • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL; Note: The use of transfusion or other interventions to achieve Hgb ≥ 8.0 g/dL is acceptable

    • Adequate renal function within 30 days prior to registration, defined as follows:

    • Serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 50 mL/min determined by 24-hour collection or estimated by Cockcroft-Gault formula: CrCl male = [(140 - age) x (weight in kg)] / [(Serum Cr mg/dL) x (72)] CrCl female = 0.85 x (CrCl male)

    • Patients with serum creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL can be eligible for carboplatin-based chemotherapy with approval of co-PI (Dr. Eric Sherman

    • Adequate hepatic function within 30 days prior to registration, defined as follows:

    • Bilirubin < 2 mg/dL

    • AST or ALT < 3 x the upper limit of normal

    • Negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to registration for women of childbearing potential.

    • The subject/legally authorized representative (LAR) must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry.

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • All nasopharyngeal, nasal cavity/paranasal sinus, oral cavity, salivary gland, thyroid, and cutaneous primary malignancies.

    • Any T4 or N3 patients

    • Any prior radiotherapy to the head and neck region.

    • Any prior systemic chemotherapy for the study cancer; note that prior chemotherapy for a different non-H&N cancer is permissible.

    • Prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy within the last three years.

    • Patients who underwent previous surgical resection for the same disease (except for biopsy or surgery removing primary site tumor but still present with grossly enlarged, radiographically detectable lymph nodes).

    • Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for 3 years or if cure rate from treatment at 5 years estimated to be ≥ 90%.

    • Subjects with simultaneous primary cancers outside of the oropharynx

    o Note: Exceptions can be made for patients with simultaneous primaries outside the H&N if determined by the PI/Co-PI that the patient can proceed with protocol activities.

    • Pregnant (confirmed by serum b-HCG in women of reproductive age) or breastfeeding.

    • Severe, active co-morbidities defined as follows:

    • Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the last 6 months.

    • Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months.

    • Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of registration.

    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy within 30 days of registration.

    • Hepatic Insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice and/or coagulation defects.

    Contacts and Locations


    Site City State Country Postal Code
    1 Memorial Sloan Kettering at Basking Ridge (Limited Protocol Activities) Basking Ridge New Jersey United States 07920
    2 Memoral Sloan Kettering Monmouth (Limited Protocol Activities) Middletown New Jersey United States 07748
    3 Memorial Sloan Kettering Bergen (Limited Protocol Activities) Montvale New Jersey United States 07645
    4 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center @ Suffolk-Commack (Limited protocol activities) Commack New York United States 11725
    5 Memoral Sloan Kettering Westchester (Limited Protocol Activities) Harrison New York United States 10604
    6 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (All Protocol Activities) New York New York United States 10065

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center


    • Principal Investigator: Kaveh Zakeri, MD, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Additional Information:


    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • 22-227
    First Posted:
    Sep 16, 2022
    Last Update Posted:
    Sep 16, 2022
    Last Verified:
    Sep 1, 2022
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Sep 16, 2022