Treatment of Hepatitis in Patients Who Are Triple-Infected With HIV, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
This study will investigate the safety and effectiveness of using adefovir dipivoxil (ADV), pegylated interferon (PEG-INF), and ribavirin (RBV) in patients triple-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and HIV. Patients in this study must be taking lamivudine (3TC).
|Condition or Disease||Intervention/Treatment||Phase|
The emergence of liver disease in HIV infected patients with coinfections of HBV and/or HCV has become increasingly important in disease progression in the post-HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) era. The overall rate of HBV and HCV infection in HIV infected persons is 5% to 10%. There is convincing evidence that HIV infection exacerbates the severity of viral hepatitis and the progression of liver disease. Hepatitis treatment studies have generally excluded HIV patients with both HBV and HCV. As such, the influence of HBV on HCV treatment in HIV infected patients is unknown. This study will investigate the safety and anti-HBV efficacy of ADV + PEG-INF + RBV triple therapy in patients with HCV, HIV, and 3TC-resistant HBV. The study will also evaluate the effect of HBV and HBV therapy on HCV and HIV disease progression.
Patients with documented HIV, 3TC-resistant HBV, and HCV will be randomized to one of two treatment regimens for 48 weeks. Patients in both groups will receive daily oral RBV and weekly subcutaneous injections of PEG-INF. Patients in Group A will receive daily ADV; patients in Group B will receive placebo. After 48 weeks of study treatment, all study medications will be discontinued and patients will undergo liver biopsy. Patients will then be followed for an additional 24 weeks. Throughout the study, investigators will monitor numerous lab values and patients will be asked to complete multiple adherence questionnaires. Subjects who have a confirmed 2 point increase in Child-Pugh-Turcotte liver disease prognosis score at any time during the study will permanently discontinue PEG-INF and RBV and register to Step 2 to receive open label ADV.
Primary Outcome Measures
Documented HCV viremia within 48 weeks prior to study entry
HBV DNA >= 500,000 copies/ml within 12 weeks prior to study entry
Chronic viral liver disease as documented by liver biopsy within 52 weeks prior to study entry
Treated with 3TC for at least 26 weeks prior to study entry
CD4+ count >200 cells/mm3 within 35 days prior to study entry
HIV-1 viral load of <55,000 copies/ml within 35 days prior to entry
Either have been on stable antiretroviral therapy for at least 12 weeks prior to study entry and plan to remain on same antiretroviral therapy OR have not received any antiretroviral therapy in the 12 weeks prior to the study and do not plan to begin antiretroviral therapy during the first 12 weeks of the study
Acceptable methods of contraception
History of any medical condition associated with chronic liver disease other than viral hepatitis
History of ALT elevations over 3 X baseline level
Child-Pugh-Turcotte (CPT) score > 5
Previous suicide attempt or hospitalization for psychiatric illness within 2 years prior to study entry
History of hypersensitivity to RBV, interferon, or other components of study medications
Uncontrolled seizure disorder
Certain medical conditions, including hepatitis D, autoimmune disorders, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, cardiac disease, cancer, hemoglobinopathy, major organ transplant, kidney disease, opportunistic infection, and retinopathy
Pregnancy or breast-feeding
Male partners of women who are pregnant
Active drug or alcohol use or dependence
Contacts and Locations
LocationsNo locations specified.
Sponsors and Collaborators
- National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
- Study Chair: Dickens Theodore, M.D., Ph.D., University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
- Study Chair: Kenneth E Sherman, M.D., Ph.D, University of Cincinnati
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.
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- McHutchison JG, Gordon SC, Schiff ER, Shiffman ML, Lee WM, Rustgi VK, Goodman ZD, Ling MH, Cort S, Albrecht JK. Interferon alfa-2b alone or in combination with ribavirin as initial treatment for chronic hepatitis C. Hepatitis Interventional Therapy Group. N Engl J Med. 1998 Nov 19;339(21):1485-92.
- Soriano V, García-Samaniego J, Bravo R, González J, Castro A, Castilla J, Martínez-Odriozola P, Colmenero M, Carballo E, Suárez D, Rodríguez-Piñero FJ, Moreno A, del Romero J, Pedreira J, González-Lahoz J. Interferon alpha for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Hepatitis-HIV Spanish Study Group. Clin Infect Dis. 1996 Sep;23(3):585-91.
- Xiong X, Flores C, Yang H, Toole JJ, Gibbs CS. Mutations in hepatitis B DNA polymerase associated with resistance to lamivudine do not confer resistance to adefovir in vitro. Hepatology. 1998 Dec;28(6):1669-73.
- ACTG A5149