MUST: A Study to Learn How Patients With Triple Class Refractory Multiple Myeloma (TCR-MM) Are Treated in Italian Centers for Blood Related Diseases

Pfizer (Industry)
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting ID

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a type of cancer of the white blood cells, called plasma cells. These plasma cells help in fighting infections.

TCR-MM is when the cancer does not get treated with the 3 main classes of medicines used to treat this disease.

The purpose of this study is to learn about the present clinical practice in Italy and describe the standard of care that will be given to patients with TCR-MM, and their treatment costs, in around 25 centers who treat patients with blood diseases.

Standard of care (SoC) is the treatment that is accepted as a proper treatment for a certain type of disease and that is widely used by doctors.

The study is seeking for participants who are:
  • 18 years of age or older

  • Confirmed to have MM

  • do not show any response when treated with the 3 main classes of medicines used to treat MM Data of participants who received the TCR treatment between 01 December 2021 and 31 May will be collected.

The main data source for the study will be the patient medical record. No clinical visits, examinations, or procedures are required as part of this study.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase

    Detailed Description

    In Italy, MM represents 1.6 percent of all cancers diagnosed in men and 1.5 percent of those diagnosed in women. The 2020 Italian epidemiological data show 5759 new diagnosis of MM. Most MM patients relapse or become refractory to various therapeutic approaches and typically cycle through many lines of treatment. Survival among patients refractory to newer therapies, including PIs, IMiDs and anti-CD38 mAbs, is very low and measured in months. An Italian real life data collection is important to analyse the current therapeutic approaches in TCR patients and the costs incurred by the therapy based on the different treatments.

    Study Design

    Study Type:
    Anticipated Enrollment :
    250 participants
    Observational Model:
    Time Perspective:
    Official Title:
    MUltiple Myeloma Italian ObServational sTudy
    Anticipated Study Start Date :
    Feb 28, 2023
    Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
    Aug 31, 2024
    Anticipated Study Completion Date :
    Aug 31, 2024

    Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Real-World Overall Response Rate (ORR) for each TCR MM therapy [3-18 months]

      The proportion of patients with confirmed Stringent Complete Response (sCR), Complete Response (CR), Very good partial response (VGPR), Partial Response (PR) by investigators per the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria

    2. Real-World Progression Free Survival (PFS) [3-18 months]

      The time from initiation of therapy until Progressive Disease (PD) by investigators per IMWG criteria or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

    3. Real-World Overall Survival (OS) [3-18 months]

      Time from initiation of therapy until death due to any cause.

    4. Real-World Duration of response (DOR) [3-18 months]

      For participants with an objective response (OR) per IMWG criteria, as the time from the first documentation of OR by investigators that is subsequently confirmed, until PD per IMWG criteria, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

    Eligibility Criteria


    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Age ≥18 years

    • Diagnosis of MM confirmed using International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria

    • Patients are TCR defined as being refractory to all the 3 following classes: at least 1IMiD, at least 1PI and at least 1 anti-CD38 mA

    • Relapsed/refractory to last anti-MM regimen prior to first treatment after TCR

    • Started anti-MM treatment after TCR MM eligibility

    • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤2 (at the date of first dose of first treatment after TCR MM eligibility, or no longer than 6 months prior to this date)

    • Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the patient (or a legally acceptable representative) has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the study. Signed Patient informed consent and Privacy consent documents

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Suffering from Smoldering MM

    • Suffering from Plasma cell leukemia

    • Suffering from amyloidosis

    • Suffering from active Graft versus host disease (GvHD)

    • Suffering from any other active malignancy within 3 years prior to enrollment, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ

    • Patients whose first treatment after becoming TCR was part of a clinical trial

    • Participation in Elranatamab EAP

    Contacts and Locations


    No locations specified.

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • Pfizer


    • Study Director: Pfizer Call Center, Pfizer

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information


    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Pfizer Identifier:
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • C1071025
    • MUST
    First Posted:
    Feb 23, 2023
    Last Update Posted:
    Feb 23, 2023
    Last Verified:
    Feb 1, 2023
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Keywords provided by Pfizer
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Feb 23, 2023