Human IL-15 (rhIL-15) and Obinutuzumab for Relapsed and Refractory Chronic Lymphocyte Leukemia

Sponsor
National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH)
Overall Status
Terminated
CT.gov ID
NCT03759184
Collaborator
(none)
1
Enrollment
1
Location
2
Arms
27.4
Actual Duration (Months)
0
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Background:

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a blood cancer. Recombinant human interleukin 15 (IL-15) is a manmade protein. Obinutuzumab is a protein made to deactivate cancer cells. Researchers want to see if treating people with CLL with both proteins improves their outcomes.

Objectives:

To find the safe dose of IL-15 with Obinutuzumab. To identify its effects, including on the immune system and cancer.

Eligibility:

Adults at least 18 years old who have certain CLL that standard therapy has failed

Design:
Participants will be screened with:
  • Medical history

  • Physical exam

  • Evaluation of ability to do daily activities

  • Blood, heart, and urine tests

Participants may also be screened with:
  • A small amount of bone marrow removed by needle in the hipbone

  • Scans of the body and/or brain

The study will be done in 28-day cycles for up to 6 cycles.

Participants will get the study drugs through a catheter and pump.

Cycle 1: Participants will be seen in the clinic during week 1. They will get:
  • IL-15 as a continuous intravenous infusion over 24 hours on days 1-5 and 3 dose levels will be evaluated: dose level 1; 0.5 mcg/kg/day; dose level 2: 1 mcg/kg/day and dose level 3: 2 mcg/kg/day.

  • Obinutuzumab as a 4-hour infusion in escalating doses during the course of the first cycle 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1000 mg on day 11 and day 18.

Cycles 2 through 6: Participants will come to the clinic days 1-5 and get IL-15 as in cycle 1 and Obinutuzumab 1000 mg on day 4 of each treatment cycle.

During the study, participants:
  • Will repeat screening tests

  • Will get standard medicines for side effects

  • May give blood, saliva, and tumor samples for research

After treatment, participants will have follow-up visits every 3 months for 1 year, then every 6 months for up to 5 years. After that, participants may be called or emailed.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
Phase 1

Detailed Description

Background:
  • Of the several drugs and drug combinations approved for treatment of relapsed and refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the reported complete response rates are no greater than 30%.

  • Obinutuzumab is a glycoengineered, humanized type 2 anti-cluster of differentiation 20 (CD20) monoclonal antibody thought to engage the immune system by directly activating antibody-dependent, cell mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC); it is approved for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia in combination with chlorambucil.

  • The key mediators of ADCC are polymorphonuclear neutrophils, monocytes, and natural killer (NK) cells.

  • Recombinant human Interleukin-15 (rhIL-15) is a stimulatory cytokine that promotes the differentiation and activation of NK cells, monocytes, and long-term cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8) + memory T-cells. In a Phase I trial, administration of rhIL-15 as a 5-day continuous intravenous infusion (civ) was associated with up to 45-fold increase in the number of NK cells at well tolerated dose levels.

  • Preclinical murine lymphoid malignancy models have shown increased efficacy of monoclonal antibodies when administered together with recombinant human Interleukin-15 (rhIL-15); BL/6 mice inoculated with EL4 murine T-cell lymphoma expressing human cluster of differentiation 20 (EL4-CD20) cells (a syngeneic lymphoma line); including significant prolongation of survival with the IL-15/Rituximab combination compared to either drug given as single agent (90% v. 30% alive at 75 days).

Objectives:
  • To determine the safety, toxicity profile, dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of civ rhIL-15 administration in combination with intravenous (IV) Obinutuzumab treatment
Eligibility:
  • Age greater than or equal to 18 years old

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status less than or equal to 1

  • Diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with greater than or equal to 50% of B cells expressing CD20

  • Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease

  • Patients must have CLL that is refractory or relapsed following therapy with a Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor OR have relapsed/refractory CLL and are intolerant to BTK inhibitor therapy; patients with deletion 17p (del(17p) must also be refractory or relapsed after, or intolerant to, therapy with Venetoclax

  • Adequate organ function parameters as defined within the protocol

  • Active disease requiring treatment, as defined within the protocol

Design:
  • This is a single institution non-randomized Phase I dose escalation study evaluating increasing doses of civ rhIL-15 in combination with Obinutuzumab using a standard 3 + 3 dose escalation design.

  • On days 1-5 of each 4-week cycle, rhIL-15 will be administered by civ at dose levels 0.5, 1, and 2 mcg/kg/day.

  • During the first cycle, Obinutuzumab will be administered at a dose of 100 mg by IV on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.

  • Infusion reaction, antimicrobial, and tumor lysis syndrome prophylaxis will be administered per manufacturers recommendations.

  • Treatment will continue up to 6 cycles, or until unacceptable toxicity or progressive disease.

  • Up to 24 patients will be enrolled in the study.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Actual Enrollment :
1 participants
Allocation:
Non-Randomized
Intervention Model:
Sequential Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
Phase 1 Trial of Human IL-15 (rhIL-15) and Obinutuzumab for Relapsed and Refractory Chronic Lymphocyte Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date :
Jul 11, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date :
Dec 15, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date :
Oct 22, 2021

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Arm 1 -DOSE ESCALATION

DOSE ESCALATION: Interleukin-15 (IL-15) by continuous intravenous (civ) infusion at escalating doses of 0.5, 1, and 2 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of each 4-week cycle (max 6 cycles), with Obinutuzumab by IV infusion at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of the first cycle; then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle, to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)

Drug: rhIL-15
Continuous intravenous (civ) Interleukin-15 (IL-15) at dose levels of 0.5,1 or 2 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6
Other Names:
  • Recombinant human interleukin-15
  • Biological: Obinutuzumab
    Intravenous (IV) Obinutuzumab will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle
    Other Names:
  • Gazyva
  • Experimental: Arm 2 - DOSE EXPANSION

    DOSE EXPANSION: 3 to 6 patients to receive interleukin-15 (IL-15) by continuous intravenous (civ) infusion at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6 with Obinutuzumab by IV infusion at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of the first cycle; then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle (Total 9 patients at MTD)

    Drug: rhIL-15
    Continuous intravenous (civ) Interleukin-15 (IL-15) at the maximum tolerated dose or the maximum administered dose of 2 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6
    Other Names:
  • Recombinant human interleukin-15
  • Biological: Obinutuzumab
    Intravenous (IV) Obinutuzumab will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle
    Other Names:
  • Gazyva
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Number of Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (AEs) Related to Recombinant Human Interleukin-15 (rhIL-15) [28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)]

      Here is the number of treatment-emergent AEs related to rhIL-15 assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0. A treatment emergent AE is defined as

    2. Number of Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (AEs) Related to Obinutuzumab [28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)]

      Here is the number of treatment-emergent AEs related to Obinutuzumab assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0. A treatment emergent AE is defined as

    3. Number of Participants With a Grades 3-5 Dose-limiting Toxicity (DLT) of Continuous Intravenous (CIV) Recombinant Human Interleukin-15 (rhIL-15) Treatment [28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)]

      A DLT is defined as a grade 3-5 toxicity if not incontrovertibly due to disease progression or an extraneous cause, and deemed possibly, probably, or definitely related to interleukin-15 by the principal investigator during the first 28 days of treatment. Some exceptions are grade 3 or 4 lymphocytopenia or neutropenia without clinical signs of infection grade 2 or above, grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia lasting fewer than 5 days and not associated with bleeding or purpura. Transient (<24 hours) grade 3 hypoalbuminemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia or hypophosphatemia which responds to medical intervention. Grade 3 is severe, grade 4 is life-threatening, and grade 5 is death related to adverse event.

    4. Number of Participants With a Grade 3-5 Dose-limiting Toxicity (DLT) With Intravenous (IV) Obinutuzumab Treatment [28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)]

      A DLT is defined as a grade 3-5 toxicity if not incontrovertibly due to disease progression or an extraneous cause, and deemed possibly, probably, or definitely related to Obinutuzumab by the principal investigator during the first 28 days of treatment. Some exceptions are grade 3 or 4 lymphocytopenia or neutropenia without clinical signs of infection grade 2 or above, grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia lasting fewer than 5 days and not associated with bleeding or purpura. Transient (<24 hours) grade 3 hypoalbuminemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia or hypophosphatemia which responds to medical intervention. Grade 3 is severe, grade 4 is life-threatening, and grade 5 is death related to adverse event.

    5. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Recombinant Human Interleukin-15 (rhIL-15) Administration [28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)]

      The MTD is the dose level at which no more than 1 of up to 6 participants experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) during the DLT evaluation window, or the dose at which at least 2 of ≤ 6 participants have DLT. A DLT is defined as a grade 3-5 toxicity if not incontrovertibly due to disease progression or an extraneous cause, and deemed possibly, probably, or definitely related to interleukin-15 by the principal investigator during the first 28 days of treatment.

    6. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Intravenous (IV) Obinutuzumab Treatment [28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)]

      The MTD is the dose level at which no more than 1 of up to 6 participants experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) during the DLT evaluation window, or the dose at which at least 2 of ≤ 6 participants have DLT. A DLT is defined as a grade 3-5 toxicity if not incontrovertibly due to disease progression or an extraneous cause, and deemed possibly, probably, or definitely related to Obinutuzumab by the principal investigator during the first 28 days of treatment.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Duration of Response (DOR) [time measurement criteria are met for CR, CRi, or PR whichever is recorded first until the first date that recurrent of progressive disease is objectively documented or death, approximately 27 months]

      DOR is measured from the time measurement criteria are met for complete response (CR), complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi), or partial response (PR) whichever is recorded first until the first date that recurrent of progressive disease is objectively documented, death, or in the absence of progressive disease (PD), date of last assessment. Response was assessed by the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018 guidelines. Complete response (CR) is disease related constitutional symptoms resolved; partial response (PR) is two criteria from Group A (e.g. lymphadenopathy or liver and/or spleen size) if abnormal at baseline plus one of the criteria from Group B (e.g. platelet count) must be met; complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi) is CR with incomplete hematopoietic recovery; stable disease (SD) is defined as not achieving CR or PR, and PD is development of transformation to a more aggressive histology.

    2. Overall Response Rate [6 cycles (each cycle is 28 days or 4 weeks)]

      Overall response is defined as the best response recorded from the start of the treatment until disease progression/recurrence. OS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curves and a 95% confidence interval. Response was assessed by the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018 guidelines. Complete response (CR) is disease related constitutional symptoms resolved; Partial response (PR) is two criteria from Group A (e.g. lymphadenopathy or liver and/or spleen size) if abnormal at baseline plus one of the criteria from Group B (e.g. platelet count) must be met, requires the absence of growth factor or transfusion support; Complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi) is CR with incomplete hematopoietic recovery; Stable disease (SD) is defined as not achieving CR or PR, but not fulfilling the criteria for progressive disease (PD); and PD is one criteria from Group A or B are met or development of transformation to a more aggressive histology.

    3. Event-free Survival (EFS) [Approximately 8 months]

      EFS is defined as the duration of time from the date of study enrollment until time of disease lapse, disease progression, alternative therapy for lymphoma given, or death, whichever comes first. EFS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curves and a 95% confidence interval. Progression was assessed by the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018 guidelines and is defined as one criterion from Group A (e.g., lymphadenopathy or liver and/or spleen size) or B (e.g., platelet count) are met or development of transformation to a more aggressive histology.

    4. Overall Survival (OS) [Approximately 27 months]

      OS is defined as the date of on-study to the date of death from any cause or last follow up.

    5. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [Approximately 8 months]

      PFS is defined as the duration of time measurement criteria are met for complete response (CR), complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi), and partial response (PR), whichever is recorded first. PFS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curves and a 95% confidence interval. Response was assessed by the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018 guidelines. CR is disease related constitutional symptoms resolved; PR is two criteria from Group A (e.g. lymphadenopathy or liver and/or spleen size) if abnormal at baseline plus one of the criteria from Group B (e.g. platelet count) must be met, requires the absence of growth factor or transfusion support; CRi is CR with incomplete hematopoietic recovery; and progressive disease is one criteria from Group A or B are met or development of transformation to a more aggressive histology.

    Other Outcome Measures

    1. Number of Participants With Serious and/or Non-serious Adverse Events Assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v5.0). [Date treatment consent signed to date off study, approximately 27 months and 11 days.]

      Here is the number of participants with serious and/or non-serious adverse events assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v5.0). A non-serious adverse event is any untoward medical occurrence. A serious adverse event is an adverse event or suspected adverse reaction that results in death, a life-threatening adverse drug experience, hospitalization, disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions, congenital anomaly/birth defect or important medical events that jeopardize the patient or subject and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the previous outcomes mentioned.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Criteria

    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    All
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    No
    • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    • Patients must have a confirmed diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma that expresses cluster of differentiation 20 (CD20) as confirmed by new/fresh peripheral blood sample collection and review by Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute (NCI)

    • Measurable or evaluable disease

    • Patients must have received prior treatment required as follows: chronic lymphocyte leukemia (CLL) that is refractory or relapsed following therapy with a Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor OR have relapsed/refractory CLL and are intolerant of BTK inhibitor therapy; in addition, patients with deletion 17p (del(17p) must also be refractory or relapsed after, or intolerant to, therapy with Venetoclax; patients who have received prior Obinutuzumab are eligible regardless of response to the drug.

    • Active disease requiring treatment, as defined by at least one of the following (per the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) 2018 consensus criteria):

    • Evidence of progressive marrow failure as manifested by the development of, or worsening of, anemia (hemoglobin (Hb) <10 g/dL) and/or thrombocytopenia (platelet counts <100x10^9/L).

    • Massive (i.e., greater than or equal to 6 centimeters (cm) below the left costal margin) or progressive or symptomatic splenomegaly.

    • Massive nodes (i.e., greater than or equal to 10 cm in longest diameter) or progressive or symptomatic lymphadenopathy.

    • Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of greater than or equal to 50% over a 2-month period, or lymphocyte doubling time (LDT) <6 months.

    • Autoimmune complications including anemia or thrombocytopenia poorly responsive to corticosteroids.

    • Symptomatic or functional extranodal involvement (e.g., skin, kidney, lung, spine).

    • Disease-related symptoms as defined by any of the following:

    • Unintentional weight loss greater than or equal to 10% within the previous 6 months.

    • Significant fatigue (i.e., Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale 2 or worse; cannot work or unable to perform usual activities).

    • Fevers 38.0 degree Celsius (C) for 2 or more weeks without evidence of infection.

    • Night sweats for greater than or equal to 1 month without evidence of infection.

    • greater than or equal to 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent

    NOTE: Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of rhIL-15 in combination with Obinutuzumab in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study, but will be eligible for future pediatric trials

    • ECOG performance status less than or equal to 1 (Karnofsky greater than or equal to 80%; or less than or equal to 2 (Karnofsky >60%) if the decrease in the performance status is CLL-related and constitutes a criterion for active treatment

    • Adequate organ function as evidenced by the following laboratory parameters:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 750 /mcL

    • Platelets greater than or equal to 50,000 / mcL (transfusions not permitted)

    • Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9 g/dL (transfusions permitted)

    • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN)

    • Serum total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 X ULN OR Direct bilirubin less than or equal to upper limit of normal (ULN) for patients with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN

    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) Serum glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) less than or equal to 3 X ULN

    • Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study treatment, and for at least 18 months after the last dose of Obinutuzumab. The effects of rhIL-15 and Obinutuzumab on the developing human fetus are unknown. Additionally, CD20-depleting agents are known to produce opportunistic infections, causing fetal B-cell depletion in animal studies, and may be teratogenic. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

    NOTE: WOCBP is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone successful surgical sterilization or who is not postmenopausal. WOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test (Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) blood or urine) during screening.

    • Ability of patient to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
    EXCLUSION CRITERIA:
    • Current or prior anti-cancer treatment prior to the first dose of rhIL-15 as defined below:

    • Chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or other anti-cancer treatment not otherwise specified below within 2 weeks

    • Radiation therapy within 2 weeks

    • Anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment within 4 weeks

    • Use of an investigational agent (e.g., biologic, drug, or other) within 4 weeks

    • Allogeneic stem cell transplant within 100 days

    • Systemic treatment for graft versus host disease (GVHD), including but not limited to oral or parenteral corticosteroids, ibrutinib, and extracorporeal phototherapy, within the last 12 weeks

    • Persisting toxicity related to prior therapy (including GVHD) of grade > 1, with the exception of the following: alopecia or sensory neuropathy grade less than or equal to 2, or other grade less than or equal to 2 not constituting a safety risk based on investigator's judgment

    • Current use of immunosuppressive medication, EXCEPT for the following:

    • Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injection (e.g., intra-articular injection).

    • Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses less than or equal to 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent; or,

    • Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., computed tomography (CT) scan premedication)

    • Presence of Richter's transformation.

    • Patients requiring immediate cytoreduction, if they had no prior treatment with a drug that has an established clinical benefit.

    • Presence of uncontrolled intercurrent illnesses including but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, cognitive impairment, active substance abuse, or psychiatric illness/social situations that in the view of the Investigator would preclude safe treatment and limit compliance with study requirements

    • Presence of active bacterial infections, documented human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) evidence for active or chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C, or positive screening hepatitis B virus (HBV)/ hepatitis C virus (HCV) serology without documentation of successful curative treatment

    • Asthma requiring chronic inhaled or oral corticosteroids, or history of asthma requiring mechanical ventilation; patients with a history of mild asthma that are on or can be switched to non-corticosteroid bronchodilator regimens are eligible

    • Active or history of any autoimmune disease thought to be unrelated to their CLL

    • Inability or refusal to practice effective contraception during therapy or the presence of pregnancy or active breastfeeding. Because there is no significant preclinical information regarding the risks to a fetus or a newborn infant, all pregnant or breastfeeding woman will be excluded from participation in this trial

    • Received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy. NOTE: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed

    • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to rhIL-15 or Obinutuzumab, unless felt to be in the best interests of the patient in the opinion of the investigator

    • Known additional malignancy that requires active systemic treatment

    Contacts and Locations

    Locations

    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1National Institutes of Health Clinical CenterBethesdaMarylandUnited States20892

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • National Cancer Institute (NCI)

    Investigators

    • Principal Investigator: Kevin C Conlon, M.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI)

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    More Information

    Additional Information:

    Publications

    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Kevin Conlon, MD, Principal Investigator, National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT03759184
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • 190024
    • 19-C-0024
    First Posted:
    Nov 29, 2018
    Last Update Posted:
    Mar 22, 2022
    Last Verified:
    Mar 1, 2022
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Yes
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Yes
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    Yes
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    No
    Keywords provided by Kevin Conlon, MD, Principal Investigator, National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    Participant Flow

    Recruitment Details
    Pre-assignment DetailNo participants were enrolled on the dose expansion phase of the study because the study was closed after > 1 year of inactivity.
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Period Title: Overall Study
    STARTED1
    COMPLETED1
    NOT COMPLETED0

    Baseline Characteristics

    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Overall Participants1
    Age (Count of Participants)
    <=18 years
    0
    0%
    Between 18 and 65 years
    1
    100%
    >=65 years
    0
    0%
    Age (years) [Mean (Standard Deviation) ]
    Mean (Standard Deviation) [years]
    54.4
    (0)
    Sex: Female, Male (Count of Participants)
    Female
    1
    100%
    Male
    0
    0%
    Ethnicity (NIH/OMB) (Count of Participants)
    Hispanic or Latino
    0
    0%
    Not Hispanic or Latino
    1
    100%
    Unknown or Not Reported
    0
    0%
    Race (NIH/OMB) (Count of Participants)
    American Indian or Alaska Native
    0
    0%
    Asian
    0
    0%
    Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
    0
    0%
    Black or African American
    0
    0%
    White
    1
    100%
    More than one race
    0
    0%
    Unknown or Not Reported
    0
    0%
    Region of Enrollment (participants) [Number]
    United States
    1
    100%

    Outcome Measures

    1. Primary Outcome
    TitleNumber of Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (AEs) Related to Recombinant Human Interleukin-15 (rhIL-15)
    DescriptionHere is the number of treatment-emergent AEs related to rhIL-15 assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0. A treatment emergent AE is defined as
    Time Frame28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    [Not Specified]
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Number [adverse events]
    0
    2. Primary Outcome
    TitleNumber of Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (AEs) Related to Obinutuzumab
    DescriptionHere is the number of treatment-emergent AEs related to Obinutuzumab assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0. A treatment emergent AE is defined as
    Time Frame28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    [Not Specified]
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Number [adverse events]
    0
    3. Primary Outcome
    TitleNumber of Participants With a Grades 3-5 Dose-limiting Toxicity (DLT) of Continuous Intravenous (CIV) Recombinant Human Interleukin-15 (rhIL-15) Treatment
    DescriptionA DLT is defined as a grade 3-5 toxicity if not incontrovertibly due to disease progression or an extraneous cause, and deemed possibly, probably, or definitely related to interleukin-15 by the principal investigator during the first 28 days of treatment. Some exceptions are grade 3 or 4 lymphocytopenia or neutropenia without clinical signs of infection grade 2 or above, grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia lasting fewer than 5 days and not associated with bleeding or purpura. Transient (<24 hours) grade 3 hypoalbuminemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia or hypophosphatemia which responds to medical intervention. Grade 3 is severe, grade 4 is life-threatening, and grade 5 is death related to adverse event.
    Time Frame28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    [Not Specified]
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Grade 3 Possibly Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 3 Probably Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 3 Definitely Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 4 Possibly Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 4 Probably Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 4 Definitely Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 5 Possibly Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 5 Probably Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 5 Definitely Related
    0
    0%
    4. Primary Outcome
    TitleNumber of Participants With a Grade 3-5 Dose-limiting Toxicity (DLT) With Intravenous (IV) Obinutuzumab Treatment
    DescriptionA DLT is defined as a grade 3-5 toxicity if not incontrovertibly due to disease progression or an extraneous cause, and deemed possibly, probably, or definitely related to Obinutuzumab by the principal investigator during the first 28 days of treatment. Some exceptions are grade 3 or 4 lymphocytopenia or neutropenia without clinical signs of infection grade 2 or above, grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia lasting fewer than 5 days and not associated with bleeding or purpura. Transient (<24 hours) grade 3 hypoalbuminemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia or hypophosphatemia which responds to medical intervention. Grade 3 is severe, grade 4 is life-threatening, and grade 5 is death related to adverse event.
    Time Frame28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    [Not Specified]
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Grade 3 Possibly Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 3 Probably Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 3 Definitely Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 4 Possibly Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 4 Probably Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 4 Definitely Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 5 Possibly Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 5 Probably Related
    0
    0%
    Grade 5 Definitely Related
    0
    0%
    5. Primary Outcome
    TitleMaximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Recombinant Human Interleukin-15 (rhIL-15) Administration
    DescriptionThe MTD is the dose level at which no more than 1 of up to 6 participants experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) during the DLT evaluation window, or the dose at which at least 2 of ≤ 6 participants have DLT. A DLT is defined as a grade 3-5 toxicity if not incontrovertibly due to disease progression or an extraneous cause, and deemed possibly, probably, or definitely related to interleukin-15 by the principal investigator during the first 28 days of treatment.
    Time Frame28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    This outcome measure was not done. The MTD was not found because the study was closed after > 1 year of inactivity and only one participant was enrolled.
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants0
    6. Primary Outcome
    TitleMaximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Intravenous (IV) Obinutuzumab Treatment
    DescriptionThe MTD is the dose level at which no more than 1 of up to 6 participants experience a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) during the DLT evaluation window, or the dose at which at least 2 of ≤ 6 participants have DLT. A DLT is defined as a grade 3-5 toxicity if not incontrovertibly due to disease progression or an extraneous cause, and deemed possibly, probably, or definitely related to Obinutuzumab by the principal investigator during the first 28 days of treatment.
    Time Frame28 days or 4 weeks (cycle 1)

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    This outcome measure was not done. The MTD was not found because the study was closed after > 1 year of inactivity and only one participant was enrolled.
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants0
    7. Secondary Outcome
    TitleDuration of Response (DOR)
    DescriptionDOR is measured from the time measurement criteria are met for complete response (CR), complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi), or partial response (PR) whichever is recorded first until the first date that recurrent of progressive disease is objectively documented, death, or in the absence of progressive disease (PD), date of last assessment. Response was assessed by the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018 guidelines. Complete response (CR) is disease related constitutional symptoms resolved; partial response (PR) is two criteria from Group A (e.g. lymphadenopathy or liver and/or spleen size) if abnormal at baseline plus one of the criteria from Group B (e.g. platelet count) must be met; complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi) is CR with incomplete hematopoietic recovery; stable disease (SD) is defined as not achieving CR or PR, and PD is development of transformation to a more aggressive histology.
    Time Frametime measurement criteria are met for CR, CRi, or PR whichever is recorded first until the first date that recurrent of progressive disease is objectively documented or death, approximately 27 months

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    [Not Specified]
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Median (95% Confidence Interval) [Months]
    0
    8. Secondary Outcome
    TitleOverall Response Rate
    DescriptionOverall response is defined as the best response recorded from the start of the treatment until disease progression/recurrence. OS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curves and a 95% confidence interval. Response was assessed by the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018 guidelines. Complete response (CR) is disease related constitutional symptoms resolved; Partial response (PR) is two criteria from Group A (e.g. lymphadenopathy or liver and/or spleen size) if abnormal at baseline plus one of the criteria from Group B (e.g. platelet count) must be met, requires the absence of growth factor or transfusion support; Complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi) is CR with incomplete hematopoietic recovery; Stable disease (SD) is defined as not achieving CR or PR, but not fulfilling the criteria for progressive disease (PD); and PD is one criteria from Group A or B are met or development of transformation to a more aggressive histology.
    Time Frame6 cycles (each cycle is 28 days or 4 weeks)

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    [Not Specified]
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Complete Response
    0
    0%
    Complete Response with incomplete marrow recovery
    0
    0%
    Partial Response
    0
    0%
    Stable Disease
    1
    100%
    Progressive Disease
    0
    0%
    9. Secondary Outcome
    TitleEvent-free Survival (EFS)
    DescriptionEFS is defined as the duration of time from the date of study enrollment until time of disease lapse, disease progression, alternative therapy for lymphoma given, or death, whichever comes first. EFS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curves and a 95% confidence interval. Progression was assessed by the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018 guidelines and is defined as one criterion from Group A (e.g., lymphadenopathy or liver and/or spleen size) or B (e.g., platelet count) are met or development of transformation to a more aggressive histology.
    Time FrameApproximately 8 months

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    There is no confidence interval with 1 sample result.
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Median (95% Confidence Interval) [Months]
    8
    10. Secondary Outcome
    TitleOverall Survival (OS)
    DescriptionOS is defined as the date of on-study to the date of death from any cause or last follow up.
    Time FrameApproximately 27 months

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    There is no full range with 1 sample result.
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Median (Full Range) [Months]
    27
    11. Secondary Outcome
    TitleProgression-free Survival (PFS)
    DescriptionPFS is defined as the duration of time measurement criteria are met for complete response (CR), complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi), and partial response (PR), whichever is recorded first. PFS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curves and a 95% confidence interval. Response was assessed by the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (iwCLL) 2018 guidelines. CR is disease related constitutional symptoms resolved; PR is two criteria from Group A (e.g. lymphadenopathy or liver and/or spleen size) if abnormal at baseline plus one of the criteria from Group B (e.g. platelet count) must be met, requires the absence of growth factor or transfusion support; CRi is CR with incomplete hematopoietic recovery; and progressive disease is one criteria from Group A or B are met or development of transformation to a more aggressive histology.
    Time FrameApproximately 8 months

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    There is no full range with 1 sample result.
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Median (Full Range) [Months]
    8
    12. Other Pre-specified Outcome
    TitleNumber of Participants With Serious and/or Non-serious Adverse Events Assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v5.0).
    DescriptionHere is the number of participants with serious and/or non-serious adverse events assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v5.0). A non-serious adverse event is any untoward medical occurrence. A serious adverse event is an adverse event or suspected adverse reaction that results in death, a life-threatening adverse drug experience, hospitalization, disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions, congenital anomaly/birth defect or important medical events that jeopardize the patient or subject and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the previous outcomes mentioned.
    Time FrameDate treatment consent signed to date off study, approximately 27 months and 11 days.

    Outcome Measure Data

    Analysis Population Description
    [Not Specified]
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    Measure Participants1
    Count of Participants [Participants]
    1
    100%

    Adverse Events

    Time FrameDate treatment consent signed to date off study, approximately 27 months and 11 days.
    Adverse Event Reporting Description
    Arm/Group TitleArm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Arm/Group DescriptionEach cycle of treatment is 28 days or 4 weeks, and a maximum of 6 cycles will be administered. Participant was treated with continuous intravenous (civ) interleukin-15 (IL-15) on dose level 1 with 0.5 mcg/kg/day on days 1-5 of cycles 1-6. Obinutuzumab (IV) will be administered at a dose of 100 mg on day 4, 900 mg on day 5, 1,000 mg on day 11, and 1,000 mg on day 18 of cycle 1: then 1,000 mg on day 4 of each subsequent cycle.
    All Cause Mortality
    Arm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Affected / at Risk (%)# Events
    Total0/1 (0%)
    Serious Adverse Events
    Arm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Affected / at Risk (%)# Events
    Total1/1 (100%)
    Ear and labyrinth disorders
    Ear pain1/1 (100%) 1
    Infections and infestations
    Bone infection1/1 (100%) 1
    Investigations
    Neutrophil count decreased1/1 (100%) 1
    Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
    Rash maculopapular1/1 (100%) 1
    Other (Not Including Serious) Adverse Events
    Arm 1 - Dose Escalation - Dose Level 1
    Affected / at Risk (%)# Events
    Total1/1 (100%)
    Ear and labyrinth disorders
    Ear pain1/1 (100%) 1
    Gastrointestinal disorders
    Constipation1/1 (100%) 1
    General disorders
    Fatigue1/1 (100%) 1
    Fever1/1 (100%) 3
    Infections and infestations
    Paronychia1/1 (100%) 1
    Sinusitis1/1 (100%) 1
    Injury, poisoning and procedural complications
    Infusion related reaction1/1 (100%) 1
    Investigations
    Neutrophil count decreased1/1 (100%) 2
    Psychiatric disorders
    Irritability1/1 (100%) 1

    Limitations/Caveats

    [Not Specified]

    More Information

    Certain Agreements

    Principal Investigators are NOT employed by the organization sponsoring the study.

    There is NOT an agreement between Principal Investigators and the Sponsor (or its agents) that restricts the PI's rights to discuss or publish trial results after the trial is completed.

    Results Point of Contact

    Name/TitleDr. Kevin Conlon
    OrganizationNational Cancer Institute
    Phone240-858-3570
    Emailconlonkc@mail.nih.gov
    Responsible Party:
    Kevin Conlon, MD, Principal Investigator, National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT03759184
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • 190024
    • 19-C-0024
    First Posted:
    Nov 29, 2018
    Last Update Posted:
    Mar 22, 2022
    Last Verified:
    Mar 1, 2022