Acalabrutinib With R-CHOP in Previously Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma
This is a multicenter, open-label, non-randomized, phase II clinical trial conducted in Canada. The purpose of the study is to determine the remission rate of acalabrutinib in combination with R-CHOP in patients with previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma prior to autologous stem cell transplantation. All patients will receive six cycles of R-CHOP chemotherapy together with continuous acalabrutinib at the standard dose twice per day orally. All patients will undergo response assessment at the end of six cycles of R-CHOP + acalabrutinib with CT scan, PET/CT scan, and bone marrow biopsy. Responding patients will proceed with stem cell mobilization, apheresis, and processing. Following ASCT, patients will receive standard maintenance rituximab every 3 months for 2 years.
Arms and Interventions
|Experimental: Acalabrutinib with R-CHOP chemotherapy|
Acalabrutinib 100mg twice per day orally with standard of care R-CHOP chemotherapy by IV every 21 days for a maximum of six cycles.
Administered as 100mg tablets.
Drug: R-CHOP chemotherapy
Primary Outcome Measures
- Complete response (CR) rate by PET/CT scan using Lugano Classification for Malignant Lymphoma [1-2 weeks after completing six cycles (21 days) of R-CHOP + acalabrutinib.]
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Adverse events of acalabrutinib and R-CHOP by using CTCAE version 5.0 [Baseline through end of study treatment (up to 18 weeks)]
- Measures of efficacy by using the RECIL 2017 criteria. [Baseline to end of study (up to 2 years)]
- Rate of minimal residual disease negativity (MRD) prior to transplant by flow cytometry [Up to 18 weeks]
- Event-free in patients who discontinue acalabrutinib at the point of MRD negativity prior to transplant by flow cytometry [Baseline to end of study (up to 2 years)]
- Changes in scores of partient reported outcomes (PRO) as measured by FACT-Lym [Baseline to end of study (up to 2 years)]
Composed of the FACT-G plus the 15-item Lymphoma Subscale (LymS).
- Overall survival in patients who discontinue acalabrutinib at the point of MRD negativity [Baseline to end of study (up to 2 years)]
- Changes in scores of partient reported outcomes (PRO) as measured by FACT-Cog [Baseline to end of study (up to 2 years)]
Participants rated their cognitive function on a scale of 0 to 4 where 0 was never and 4 was several times a day.
- Changes in scores of partient reported outcomes (PRO) as measured by EORTC QLQ-C30 [Baseline to end of study (up to 2 years)]
Participants rated their quality of life on a scale of 1 to 4 where 1 was not at all and 4 was very much.
Men and women ≥ 18 years of age deemed eligible for treatment with full-dose R-CHOP and ASCT by the qualified investigator.
Histologic diagnosis of MCL according to the World Health Organization classification
Previously untreated MCL with the following exceptions: (a) prior radiotherapy for localized disease, (b) up to 7 days of corticosteroids (prednisone 100mg/day equivalent), (c) up to one dose of single-agent chemotherapy (for example, cyclophosphamide), (d) up to one cycle of R-CHOP or bendamustine-rituximab (BR). Patients with exceptions (c) and (d) are eligible as long as all other eligibility criteria are met AND at least a CT scan and bone marrow biopsy were performed prior to chemotherapy.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2.
Presence of at least one radiologically measurable nodal or extranodal mass. A measurable nodal mass must have a longest diameter ≥1.5 cm. A measurable extranodal mass should have a longest diameter ≥1.0 cm.
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) who are sexually active must use highly effective methods of contraception during treatment and up to 12 months after the last dose of rituximab or R-CHOP, or 2 days after the last dose of acalabrutinib, whichever is last administered. Examples of highly effective contraceptive methods include an agreement to remain abstinent (ie, refrain from heterosexual intercourse), bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, established proper use of hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices. Men who are sexually active must use highly effective methods of contraception during treatment and up to 6 months after the last dose of rituximab or R-CHOP, or 2 days after the last dose of acalabrutinib, whichever is last administered. Men require an agreement to remain abstinent (ie, refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a condom, and an agreement to refrain from donating sperm. Periodic abstinence and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception. Fertility preservation options should be discussed.
Willing and able to participate in all required evaluations and procedures in this study protocol including swallowing capsules without difficulty.
Ability to understand the purpose and risks of the study and provide signed and dated informed consent and authorization to use protected health information
Secondary central nervous system involvement.
Prior exposure to a BCR inhibitor (eg, BTK inhibitors, phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K), or Syk inhibitors) or BCL-2 inhibitor.
Prior malignancy (or any other malignancy requiring active treatment), except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer from which the subject has been disease free for ≥ 2 years or which will not limit survival to < 5 years. Subjects receiving adjuvant hormonal therapy for early breast or prostate cancer are eligible.
Clinically significant cardiovascular disease such as uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of screening, or any Class 3 or 4 cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. Subjects with controlled, asymptomatic atrial fibrillation during screening can enroll on study.
Difficulty with or unable to swallow oral medication, or conditions significantly affecting gastrointestinal function that would limit absorption of oral medication.
Known history of infection with HIV or any significant active infection (eg, bacterial, viral or fungal), including suspected or confirmed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.
Known history of drug-specific hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis to study drugs (acalabrutinib and individual components of R-CHOP), including active product or excipient components.
Active bleeding or history of bleeding diathesis (eg, hemophilia or von Willebrand disease).
Uncontrolled AIHA (autoimmune hemolytic anemia) or ITP (idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura).
Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitor/inducer.
Requires or receiving anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonists (eg, warfarin).
Requires treatment with proton pump inhibitors (eg, omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, dexlansoprazole, rabeprazole, or pantoprazole). Subjects receiving proton pump inhibitors who switch to H2-receptor antagonists or antacids are eligible for enrollment to this study.
History of significant cerebrovascular disease/event, including stroke or intracranial hemorrhage, within 6 months before the first dose of study drug.
Major surgical procedure within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug. Note: If a subject had major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from any toxicity and/or complications from the intervention before the first dose of study drug.
Received a live virus vaccination within 28 days of first dose of R-CHOP + acalabrutinib.
Hepatitis B or C serologic status: subjects who are hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) positive and who are surface antigen negative will need to have a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Those who are hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) positive or hepatitis B PCR positive will be excluded.
Subjects who are hepatitis C antibody positive will need to have a negative PCR result. Those who are hepatitis C PCR positive will be excluded. Subjects with a history of Hepatitis C who received antiviral treatment are eligible as long as PCR is negative.
ANC <1.0 x109/L (subjects with bone marrow involvement by lymphoma are eligible regardless of ANC)
Platelets <50 x109/L (subjects with bone marrow involvement by lymphoma are eligible regardless of platelet count)
Total serum bilirubin >2 times the upper limit of normal (or <3 times for Gilbert's disease or documented hepatic involvement by lymphoma), AST and ALT <3 times the upper limit of normal (or <5 times for documented hepatic involvement by lymphoma)
Creatinine clearance <30 mL/min.
PT/INR >2 times the upper limit of normal in the absence of anticoagulants and/or PTT
2 times the upper limit of normal in the absence of anticoagulants.
Breastfeeding or pregnant. WOCBP must have a serum pregnancy test done a maximum of 7 days prior to treatment initiation and a negative result must be documented prior to recruitment.
Concurrent participation in another therapeutic clinical trial.
Contacts and Locations
|1||BC Cancer Agency||Vancouver||British Columbia||Canada||V5Z 4E6|
|2||QEII Health Sciences Centre||Halifax||Nova Scotia||Canada||B3H 2Y9|
|3||Princess Margaret Cancer Centre||Toronto||Ontario||Canada|
|4||Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec||Quebec City||Quebec||Canada||G1J 1Z4|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- University Health Network, Toronto
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.