Ultrahigh-resolution Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging of the Anterior Eye Segment Structures

Sponsor
Medical University of Vienna (Other)
Overall Status
Enrolling by invitation
CT.gov ID
NCT03461978
Collaborator
(none)
60
Enrollment
1
Location
8
Arms
50.7
Anticipated Duration (Months)
1.2
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The development of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and its application for in vivo imaging has opened entirely new opportunities in ophthalmology. The technology allows for both noninvasive visualization of the morphology and measurement of functional parameters within ocular tissues to a depth of a few millimetres even in nontransparent media. Until now the resolution of commercially available OCT systems is, however, much lower than that provided by light microscopy.

Recently, an ultrahigh-resolution OCT system was developed by our group providing resolutions of 1.7 and 17 µm in axial and lateral direction, respectively. This axial resolution is about four times better than that provided by standard OCT systems. It allows to perform in vivo imaging with a resolution close to biopsy of tissue and to visualize structures of the anterior eye segment with a remarkable richness of detail. The prototype was applied for in vivo imaging of the cornea including the precorneal tear film.

The goal of the planned pilot study is to apply this innovative imaging modality for visualization of the ultrastructure of the different parts of the anterior eye segment structures in diseased subjects, as well as in patients who underwent minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS). The obtained in vivo cross sectional images and three-dimensional data sets are hoped for contributing to the knowledge about the anatomy and physiology of the corresponding tissues. This could allow for a better interpretation of clinical features and findings obtained in slit lamp examination.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
N/A

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
60 participants
Allocation:
Non-Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Diagnostic
Official Title:
Ultrahigh-resolution Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging of the Anterior Eye Segment Structures - a Pilot Study
Actual Study Start Date :
Jul 12, 2017
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Sep 1, 2021
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Oct 1, 2021

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Other: 10 patients with meibomian gland dysfunction

Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
A spectrometer based ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT (SDOCT) system operating at 800 nm for the anterior chamber will be employed in the present study. The spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire laser light source is centered at 800 nm. With a full width at half maximum bandwidth of 170 nm, the axial resolution is 1.3 μm in the cornea. The transverse resolution of the employed OCT system is 21 μm at the front surface of the cornea. For measurement, patients will place their head in a modified slit lamp head rest. During the measurement period, patients will be asked to look straight forward onto an internal fixation target and to avoid blinking. Different scattering patterns, e.g. raster, circular and spiral scans will be employed.

Other: 10 patients with cataract

Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
A spectrometer based ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT (SDOCT) system operating at 800 nm for the anterior chamber will be employed in the present study. The spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire laser light source is centered at 800 nm. With a full width at half maximum bandwidth of 170 nm, the axial resolution is 1.3 μm in the cornea. The transverse resolution of the employed OCT system is 21 μm at the front surface of the cornea. For measurement, patients will place their head in a modified slit lamp head rest. During the measurement period, patients will be asked to look straight forward onto an internal fixation target and to avoid blinking. Different scattering patterns, e.g. raster, circular and spiral scans will be employed.

Other: 10 patients after minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS)

Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
A spectrometer based ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT (SDOCT) system operating at 800 nm for the anterior chamber will be employed in the present study. The spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire laser light source is centered at 800 nm. With a full width at half maximum bandwidth of 170 nm, the axial resolution is 1.3 μm in the cornea. The transverse resolution of the employed OCT system is 21 μm at the front surface of the cornea. For measurement, patients will place their head in a modified slit lamp head rest. During the measurement period, patients will be asked to look straight forward onto an internal fixation target and to avoid blinking. Different scattering patterns, e.g. raster, circular and spiral scans will be employed.

Other: 10 patients after partial corneal transplantation

Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
A spectrometer based ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT (SDOCT) system operating at 800 nm for the anterior chamber will be employed in the present study. The spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire laser light source is centered at 800 nm. With a full width at half maximum bandwidth of 170 nm, the axial resolution is 1.3 μm in the cornea. The transverse resolution of the employed OCT system is 21 μm at the front surface of the cornea. For measurement, patients will place their head in a modified slit lamp head rest. During the measurement period, patients will be asked to look straight forward onto an internal fixation target and to avoid blinking. Different scattering patterns, e.g. raster, circular and spiral scans will be employed.

Other: 5 patients with demodicosis

Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
A spectrometer based ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT (SDOCT) system operating at 800 nm for the anterior chamber will be employed in the present study. The spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire laser light source is centered at 800 nm. With a full width at half maximum bandwidth of 170 nm, the axial resolution is 1.3 μm in the cornea. The transverse resolution of the employed OCT system is 21 μm at the front surface of the cornea. For measurement, patients will place their head in a modified slit lamp head rest. During the measurement period, patients will be asked to look straight forward onto an internal fixation target and to avoid blinking. Different scattering patterns, e.g. raster, circular and spiral scans will be employed.

Other: 5 patients with conjunctival pathologies

Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
A spectrometer based ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT (SDOCT) system operating at 800 nm for the anterior chamber will be employed in the present study. The spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire laser light source is centered at 800 nm. With a full width at half maximum bandwidth of 170 nm, the axial resolution is 1.3 μm in the cornea. The transverse resolution of the employed OCT system is 21 μm at the front surface of the cornea. For measurement, patients will place their head in a modified slit lamp head rest. During the measurement period, patients will be asked to look straight forward onto an internal fixation target and to avoid blinking. Different scattering patterns, e.g. raster, circular and spiral scans will be employed.

Other: 5 patients with Acanthamoeba keratitis

Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
A spectrometer based ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT (SDOCT) system operating at 800 nm for the anterior chamber will be employed in the present study. The spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire laser light source is centered at 800 nm. With a full width at half maximum bandwidth of 170 nm, the axial resolution is 1.3 μm in the cornea. The transverse resolution of the employed OCT system is 21 μm at the front surface of the cornea. For measurement, patients will place their head in a modified slit lamp head rest. During the measurement period, patients will be asked to look straight forward onto an internal fixation target and to avoid blinking. Different scattering patterns, e.g. raster, circular and spiral scans will be employed.

Other: 5 patients with aniridia

Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
A spectrometer based ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT (SDOCT) system operating at 800 nm for the anterior chamber will be employed in the present study. The spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire laser light source is centered at 800 nm. With a full width at half maximum bandwidth of 170 nm, the axial resolution is 1.3 μm in the cornea. The transverse resolution of the employed OCT system is 21 μm at the front surface of the cornea. For measurement, patients will place their head in a modified slit lamp head rest. During the measurement period, patients will be asked to look straight forward onto an internal fixation target and to avoid blinking. Different scattering patterns, e.g. raster, circular and spiral scans will be employed.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Measurement of corneal layers in ultrahigh-resolution OCT [60 minutes]

    Measurement of corneal layers in ultrahigh-resolution OCT of eyes with pathological changes in structures of the anterior eye segment.

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and Older
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
No
Inclusion Criteria:
  • For patients with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD):

MGD as evidenced by clinical features and gland expression (MGD Grading Scheme, Appendix I (Opitz, Harthan et al. 2015))

  • For cataract patients:

Cataract as evidenced from slit lamp examination, stage range between NII-NIII, CII-CIV, PII-PIII according to The Lens Opacity Classification System II (LOCS II) (Chylack, Leske et al. 1989) (Appendix II)

  • For patients after minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS):

Patients with history of MIGS secondary to glaucoma

  • For patients with demodicosis:

Demodicosis as evidenced from slit lamp examination and presence of Demodex confirmed by microscopic examination of the eye lashes (Liu, Sheha et al. 2010)

  • For patients with conjunctival pathologies (cyst, naevus, pterygium):

Conjunctival pathologies with a clinical diagnosis of the respective

  • For patients with Acanthamoeba keratitis:

Acanthamoeba keratitis as evidenced from slit lamp examination and confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of corneal epithelial and tear samples and culture isolation (Lehmann, Green et al. 1998)

  • For aniridia patients:

Anirida as evidenced from slit lamp examination

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Presence of any abnormalities preventing reliable measurements as judged by the investigator

  • Pregnancy, planned pregnancy or lactating

Contacts and Locations

Locations

SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
1Medical University Vienna, Department of Clnical PharmacologyViennaAustria1090

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Medical University of Vienna

Investigators

None specified.

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Publications

Responsible Party:
Gerhard Garhofer, Assoc. Prof. Priv.-Doz. Dr., Medical University of Vienna
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT03461978
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • OPHT - 010616
First Posted:
Mar 12, 2018
Last Update Posted:
Sep 5, 2021
Last Verified:
Aug 1, 2021
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Sep 5, 2021