Natural History and Biospecimen Acquisition for Myelodysplastic Syndromes

National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH)
Overall Status
Recruiting ID

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary


Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) occur when the cells that make blood cells are abnormal. There are limited treatment options for MDS. Researchers want to learn more through this natural history study so they can develop better treatments.


To study the natural course of MDS and MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and collect biological samples that can help researchers understand the disease.


People with suspected or confirmed MDS or MDS/MPN. Healthy donors are also needed. They can be people who are scheduled to donate bone marrow at NIH for a relative, or they may be providing bone marrow in another study.


Participants will be screened with a medical history.

Participants will have a physical exam. They will give blood and urine samples. They will discuss their symptoms, medications, and ability to perform their normal activities. They will complete surveys about how they are feeling.

Participants will have a bone marrow biopsy. A needle will be inserted through a small cut. Bone marrow will be removed. A small piece of bone may be removed.

Participants may have an optional skin biopsy.

Participants may give optional saliva and stool samples. They may collect these samples at home and mail them to NIH.

Participants may undergo optional apheresis. One or two needles or intravenous (IV) lines will be placed in their arm, neck, or groin veins. Blood will be removed. A machine will separate out the white cells. The rest of the blood will be returned to the participant.

Participants will be contacted for follow-up once a year for up to 20 years.

Healthy donors will have marrow collected for this study during their scheduled procedure with no follow-up.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase

    Detailed Description

    • Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are heterogenous stem cell disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis resulting in cellular dysplasia, peripheral cytopenias, and increased risk for transformation to acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

    • There are limited treatments options, all of which have unimpressive response rates and limited response durations, with the only potential cure being hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Unfortunately, as a disease of the elderly (average age of diagnosis

    65 years), most participants are not eligible for HSCT due to advanced age and other comorbidities.

    • It is critical we further elucidate the processes that lead to disease manifestation in an effort to develop novel therapeutic strategies and to alter the natural history of the disease.

    • Chronic inflammation is central to disease pathology, as evidenced by pro-inflammatory cytokines in the bone marrow milieu, transcriptional upregulation of inflammatory genes, and dysregulation of innate immune signaling pathways.

    • We hypothesize the chronic inflammation drives MDS pathogenesis and may be exploited therapeutically. Further, we anticipate the correlatives proposed here to be used not only to uncover critical disease driving pathways, but also to potentially reveal disease and treatment response biomarkers, as well to better refine both diagnosis and prognosis.

    • To characterize the natural history of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and to assess overall and progression free survival

    Participants with MDS

    • Any gender, any age

    • Histologically or cytologically suspected or confirmed MDS, MDS/MPN, (MDS/MPNRS- T, MDS/MPN-U, CMML, aCML) or sAML with antecedent MDS or MDS/MPN.

    • Any amount of prior therapy and may be currently receiving MDS-directed therapy.

    • Must have an identified primary oncologist, hematologist or generalist outside NIH who agrees to manage care and any diagnostic findings provided by this study.


    • Any gender and must be eligible for marrow donation per clinical center requirements.

    • No history of hematological malignancies listed as inclusion criteria for the group of participants with MDS or current autoimmune disease

    • Control marrow volunteers must be scheduled for bone marrow harvest for clinical application, or if evaluated for malignancy, have a bone marrow aspirate scheduled to rule out bone marrow involvement at which time additional samples will be taken as controls for the research purposes of this study.

    • This is a natural history and biospecimen acquisition protocol for participants with Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS).

    • In addition, we will perform a comprehensive research analysis based on the hypothesis that chronic inflammation in MDS arising from a variety of contributors results in hematopoietic differentiation and maturation blocks leading to dysplasia, cytopenias, and disease progression, and that these may be exploited for novel therapeutic targeting strategies.

    • This is a single site (Clinical Center) study that will accrue 1,000 MDS participants and 100 marrow controls (transplant donor or non-involved malignancy) volunteers over a 20-year study accrual duration.

    • Diagnostic testing will be performed as is routine for these participants in addition to planned research correlative analyses. Follow-up will occur approximately annually to assess status and survival.

    Study Design

    Study Type:
    Anticipated Enrollment :
    1100 participants
    Observational Model:
    Time Perspective:
    Official Title:
    Natural History and Biospecimen Acquisition Protocol for Myelodysplastic Syndromes
    Actual Study Start Date :
    Aug 18, 2022
    Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
    Sep 20, 2041
    Anticipated Study Completion Date :
    May 1, 2042

    Arms and Interventions

    Arm Intervention/Treatment
    Cohort 1

    Participants with myelodysplastic syndromes and associated malignancies

    Cohort 2

    Participants (controls) without MDS or associated malignancies, contributing bone marrow

    Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. characterize the natural history of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and to assess overall and progression free survival [5 years]

      report the overall survival and progression status of participants

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. acquire biospecimens from MDS patients and controls to perform comprehensive research analyses [Ongoing throughout study]

      report the number of participants that have provided at least one of the biospecimens described in the protocol

    Eligibility Criteria


    Ages Eligible for Study:
    N/A and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    • INCLUSION CRITERIA - MDS Participants

    • Any gender, any age.

    • Histologically or cytologically suspected or confirmed myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), myelodysplastic syndromes/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN), MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasm with ringed sideroblasts and thrombocytosis (MDS/MPN-RS-T), myelodysplastic syndromes/myeloproliferative neoplasms unclassified (MDS/MPN-U), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML), or secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) with antecedent MDS or MDS/MPN. Note: This must be confirmed with review by NIH Department of Laboratory Medicine.

    • Participants may have had any amount of prior therapy and may be receiving MDSdirected therapy at time of enrollment.

    • Participants must have an identified primary oncologist, hematologist or generalist outside of NIH who agrees to manage participant care and any diagnostic findings provided by this study.

    INCLUSION CRITERIA - Marrow Control Donor Participants

    • 1 Any gender, and must be eligible for marrow donation per NIH Clinical Center requirements.

    • No history of hematological malignancies as listed as inclusion in 'Inclusion Criteria

    • MDS Participants' or current autoimmune disease.

    • Must be scheduled for bone marrow harvest for clinical application (e.g., marrow donation); or, if being evaluated for malignancy, have a clinical bone marrow aspirate scheduled (e.g., to rule out bone marrow involvement).

    INCLUSION CRITERIA - All Participants

    • Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study.

    • Ability of participant or parent/guardian to understand and the willingness to sign a written consent document.

    EXCLUSION CRITERIA - All Participants

    -Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, psychiatric illness, or other that would limit compliance with study requirements, or at the investigator s discretion.

    Contacts and Locations


    Site City State Country Postal Code
    1 National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Bethesda Maryland United States 20892

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • National Cancer Institute (NCI)


    • Principal Investigator: Kathy McGraw, Ph.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI)

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information


    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • 10000661
    • 000661-C
    First Posted:
    Apr 28, 2022
    Last Update Posted:
    Aug 23, 2022
    Last Verified:
    Aug 19, 2022
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Aug 23, 2022