Natural History of the Human Biological Response to Environmental Exposure and Injury

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) (NIH)
Overall Status
Recruiting ID
Anticipated Duration (Months)
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary


Environmental exposures like pollution, diet, and stress can help cause human diseases, or make them worse. Researchers want to better understand how injury and inflammation are caused by these exposures. They want to collect biological and environmental samples and other data. They may use the samples to measure a range of factors, like hormones, toxins, and chemicals. This will help them improve their studies.


To identify and understand how environmental exposures contribute to human disease.


Healthy adults ages 18 and older


Participants will be screened with questions about their health history, demographics, and medicines they take.

Participants may give blood, hair, stool, saliva, and/or urine samples. They may have a skin punch biopsy to collect skin cells. They may give fingernail or toenail clippings. They may give a sample of exhaled breath.

Participants may give a sputum sample. They will inhale a saline mist and cough mucus into a cup.

Participants may have their nasal passages brushed, scraped, or washed.

Participants may give cheek cell samples. They will swish mouthwash and spit it into a cup.

Participants who produce sperm may give samples.

Participants may have bronchoscopy to collect fluid. A saline solution will be put into their lung and then suctioned out, washing areas of the lung.

Participants may have a pelvic or transvaginal ultrasound. They may have lung function tests.

Participants may collect household dust, urine, or stool at home.

Participants will complete surveys about their health, diet, and exposures.

Participation will last for one or more study visits.

Participants may be contacted in the future to take part in other studies.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase

    Detailed Description

    Environmental exposures such as pollution, diet, stress, etc. contribute to the development and exacerbation of human disease. Understanding the mechanisms of environmentally induced injury and inflammation will allow us to devise better prophylaxis and treatment measures.

    Subjects may undergo sampling of (including but not limited to:) blood, urine, saliva, household dust, cheek cells, hair, nasal cells, stool, nail clippings, exhaled breath condensate, sperm samples, skin cells, and/or sputum etc., and may answer predefined questionnaires regarding health and exposures.

    Studies which may be performed on collected material includes establishment of cell cultures and immunologic studies.

    Study Design

    Study Type:
    Anticipated Enrollment :
    2000 participants
    Observational Model:
    Time Perspective:
    Official Title:
    Natural History of The Human Biological Response to Environmental Exposure and Injury
    Actual Study Start Date :
    Nov 16, 2021
    Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
    Dec 31, 2031
    Anticipated Study Completion Date :
    Dec 31, 2031

    Arms and Interventions

    Healthy Controls

    General public population, including females and males, who are over the age of 18, with a mixture of races and ethnicities representative of North Carolina.

    Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. To identify the interaction of host and environmental factors in the response to injury and the development of disease. [On-going]

      To identify the interaction of host and environmental factors in the response to injury and the development of disease.

    Eligibility Criteria


    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:

    In order to be eligible to participate in this study, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

    1. Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study.

    2. Ability to provide informed consent.

    3. Able to read and speak English.

    4. Male or female, aged greater than or equal to 18.

    5. Able to travel to the NIEHS CRU for study visits.


    An individual who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in this study:

    1. Not willing to have samples stored for future use.

    2. Current pregnancy or lactation, by participant verbal confirmation.

    3. Any condition that, in the investigator s opinion, places the participant at undue risk for complications associated with required study procedures.

    Contacts and Locations


    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1NIEHS Clinical Research Unit (CRU)Research Triangle ParkNorth CarolinaUnited States27709

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)


    • Principal Investigator: Stavros Garantziotis, M.D., National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Additional Information:


    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Identifier:
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • 10000152
    • 000152-E
    First Posted:
    May 17, 2021
    Last Update Posted:
    Apr 8, 2022
    Last Verified:
    Mar 25, 2022
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    Keywords provided by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Apr 8, 2022