PORT: Pharmacogenetics of Response to GLP1R Agonists

Sponsor
University of Maryland, Baltimore (Other)
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT05071898
Collaborator
(none)
600
Enrollment
1
Location
1
Arm
73
Anticipated Duration (Months)
8.2
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Overweight/obese otherwise healthy volunteers will be recruited from the Old Order Amish population in Lancaster County, PA. Lancaster County, PA. Pharmacodynamic responses to GLP1R agonist will be assessed by conducting frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance tests (FSIGT) both before and after semaglutide for six weeks. The proposal proposes two specific aims:

  1. Specific Aim #1. To identify genetic variants associated with effects of a GLP1R agonist to enhance glucose-stimulated first phase insulin secretion in the two FSIGTs (before and after administration of drug).

  2. Specific Aim #2. To identify genetic variants associated with the effect of a GLP1R agonist to accelerate the rate of glucose disappearance as assessed in the two FSIGTs (before and after administration of drug).

Genotyping will be conducted using a high-density array with comprehensive coverage of DNA sequence variants. In addition, the analysis will leverage a global imputation panel generated from 1,025 Amish individuals.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Drug: Semaglutide Pen Injector [Ozempic]
Phase 1

Detailed Description

Overweight/obese otherwise healthy volunteers will be recruited from the Old Order Amish population in Lancaster County, PA. In order to assess pharmacodynamic responses, research participants will undergo two frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance tests (FSIGT). The first FSIGT will be conducted at baseline prior to administration of drug. The second FSIGT will be conducted after six weeks of treatment with semaglutide (0.25 mg/wk X 4 wks; 0.5 mg/sk X 2 wks). The proposal proposes two specific aims:

  • Specific Aim #1. To identify genetic variants associated with effects of a GLP1R agonist to enhance glucose-stimulated first phase insulin secretion in the two FSIGTs (before and after administration of drug).

  • Specific Aim #2. To identify genetic variants associated with the effect of a GLP1R agonist to accelerate the rate of glucose disappearance as assessed in the two FSIGTs (before and after administration of drug).

After being determined to be eligible and after having given informed consent, participants will undergo two frequently samples intravenous glucose tolerance tests conducted at two clinic visits as described below:

Visit #1 - Research participants will be transported to the Amish Research clinic in the fasting state (minimum of 8 hour, maximum of 24 hour fast) where height, weight, waist and hip measurements, and vital signs will be measured. Women of child-bearing potential will undergo a urine pregnancy test. An FSIVGTT will be conducted as follows: IV (intravenous) access will be established in both arms of the research participant, one for glucose infusion and the other for frequent blood sampling. NSS (normal saline solution) will be used to maintain patency of IV. Intravenous glucose (0.3 g/kg) will be infused over 2 min at time=0, and 31 blood samples will be obtained between -15 and +180 minutes. Approximately 180 ml (36 tsp.) of blood will be drawn. Upon completion of the FSIVGTT, the participant will be instructed in the self-administration of subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of semaglutide. The first dose of semaglutide .25mg will be administered at this time. The participant will be provided with a post-fasting meal.

Home self-administration of weekly semaglutide: The participant will self-administer s.c. semaglutide weekly for 5 weeks (.25 mg for weeks 2,3,4 and .5 mg for weeks 5,6) A research nurse may observe the participant self-administering the first home dose and will make additional home visits as needed to ensure successful self-injection. The participant will use the study provided scale to obtain and record daily weights in the morning before breakfast throughout the medication weeks.

Visit #2 - This visit will be scheduled within 1 week of the final (6th) dose of semaglutide +/- 5 days. The FSIVGTT will be conducted exactly as during the previous clinic visit.

Genotyping will be conducted using a high-density array with comprehensive coverage of DNA sequence variants. The project will leverage a global imputation panel generated from whole genome sequence data on ~ 100K subjects including 1,025 Amish individuals obtained through the NHLBI-sponsored Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) program.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
600 participants
Allocation:
N/A
Intervention Model:
Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
The study will employ a paired design with each participant being studied both before and after receiving semaglutide treatment for six weeks.The study will employ a paired design with each participant being studied both before and after receiving semaglutide treatment for six weeks.
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Basic Science
Official Title:
Pharmacogenetics of Response to GLP1R Agonists
Anticipated Study Start Date :
Dec 1, 2021
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Nov 30, 2026
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Dec 31, 2027

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Open label administration of semaglutide

Semaglutide: 0.25 mg, sc, q.week for 4 weeks followed by 0.5 mg, sc, q.week for 2 weeks

Drug: Semaglutide Pen Injector [Ozempic]
Participants will receive subcutaneously injected semaglutide (0.25 mg/wk) for 4 weeks followed by semaglutide (0.5 mg/wk) for an additional two weeks.
Other Names:
  • Ozempic
  • Wegovy
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. First phase insulin secretion [Measured both at baseline and after completing 6 weeks of semaglutide therapy]

      Area under the curve for plasma insulin levels measured at times between 0-10 min after administration of intravenous glucose (0.3 g/kg)

    2. Second phase insulin secretion [Measured both at baseline and after completing 6 weeks of semaglutide therapy]

      Area under the curve for plasma insulin levels measured at times between 10-50 min after administration of intravenous glucose (0.3 g/kg)

    3. Rate of glucose disappearance [Measured both at baseline and after completing 6 weeks of semaglutide therapy]

      Slope of the plot of log(glucose concentration) as a function of time. This will be calculated based on a linear regression using data points between 25-50 minutes after administration of intravenous glucose (0.3 g/kg)

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Weight loss [Assessed after completing 6 weeks of semaglutide therapy]

      This will be measured as the baseline weight in kg minus the weight after completing 6 weeks of semaglutide therapy.

    Other Outcome Measures

    1. Insulin sensitivity (Si) [Measured both at baseline and after completing 6 weeks of semaglutide therapy]

      Estimated using Bergman's minimal model

    2. Glucose effectiveness (Sg) [Measured both at baseline and after completing 6 weeks of semaglutide therapy]

      Estimated using Bergman's minimal model

    Eligibility Criteria

    Criteria

    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years to 89 Years
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    All
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    Yes
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • BMI greater than or equal to 27 kg/m2

    • Of Amish Descent

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Woman of childbearing age who is sexually active

    • History of diabetes (HbA1c > 6.5% or random glucose >200 mg/dL)

    • Known allergy to semaglutide

    • Medical issues, which in the judgment of the research physician or PIs might increase the risk associated with participation in the study

    • eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 sq. m.

    • Hematocrit < 35%

    • TSH < 0.4 o4 > 5.5

    • AST or ALT in excess of 2X the upper limit of normal

    • Unable to discontinue a drug, vitamin, or nutritional supplement, which in the judgment of the research physician or PIs might alter the response to semaglutide

    • Personal or family history of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid or multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2

    Contacts and Locations

    Locations

    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1Amish Research ClinicLancasterPennsylvaniaUnited States17602

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • University of Maryland, Baltimore

    Investigators

    • Principal Investigator: Amber L Beitelshees, PharmD, University of Maryland, Baltimore

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Publications

    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Amber Beitelshees, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT05071898
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • HP00097563
    First Posted:
    Oct 8, 2021
    Last Update Posted:
    Oct 8, 2021
    Last Verified:
    Sep 1, 2021
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Yes
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Yes
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    Yes
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    No
    Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.:
    No
    Keywords provided by Amber Beitelshees, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Oct 8, 2021