Personalized Nutrition and eHealth: Lifestyle Intervention (LION) Study for Weight Loss Maintenance

Sponsor
Technische Universität München (Other)
Overall Status
Active, not recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT04023942
Collaborator
(none)
252
Enrollment
1
Location
4
Arms
52.5
Anticipated Duration (Months)
4.8
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Despite standardized intervention strategies, weight loss and weight loss maintenance largely differ from person to person. Factors which may contribute to these individual differences is current object of research.

In order to investigate predictors and barriers for weight management and to investigate two different dietary interventions and two different digital tools for weight maintenance, the LION-Study was designed as follows: Step I (screening, baseline phenotyping), step II (weight loss intervention with formula diet), step III (weight maintenance intervention with 4 intervention groups: low carb/newsletter; low carb/app; low fat/newsletter; low fat/app) and step IV (follow-up). Participants are required to attend visits at seven time points.

At screening (month 0) a telephone-based screening interview takes place, in order to test eligibility of the potential participant. If the person is eligible, two consecutive baseline face-to-face visits are planned during step I. After completion of the eight weeks weight loss intervention (month 3), an additional visit takes place followed by three consecutive visits in the weight maintenance step (month 6, 9 and 15). The study ends with a final visit after the follow-up (month 27). Additional contacts (face-to-face and telephone) take place during the weight loss intervention step. Participants will regularly receive a bag with the required formula diet meals. During these "pick up" appointments, the study team actively get in face-to-face contact with participants.

At the different visits, data are collected by questionnaires, medical investigations (e.g. MRI, motor function, resting metabolic rate), blood withdrawal as well as urine, feces and saliva sampling.

Primary objective is to evaluate the effect of two diets (low carb/low fat) and two digital tools (app/newsletter) on long-term weight loss maintenance 12 months after weight loss.

Secondary objective is to identify genetic, epigenetic, physiological, psychological and lifestyle factors that predict the success of weight loss and weight loss maintenance.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Behavioral: Weight maintenance intervention
N/A

Detailed Description

Step I - Screening and baseline phenotyping When a potential suitable participant is interested, a screening interview to check eligibility will take place by phone after oral agreement is given. The structured screening interview is carried out by means of a questionnaire in the format of a Case Report Form (CRF). Suitable persons are provided with participant´s information and data protection sheet and with the "declaration of consent". Sufficient time for consideration is given between the screening interview and visit 1A, where written consent is signed.

After the telephone-based screening interview, eligible participants are required to provide written consent. Participants will undergo clinical examinations at two visits (V1A + V1B), serving primarily for phenotyping as well as for detection of potentially unknown exclusion criteria. The order of some measurements carried out during V1A and V1B as well as the type of lipid challenge is randomized.

Data collection V1A:
  • Resting metabolic rate

  • Metabolic response to meal challenge

  • Anthropometry

  • Vital parameters

  • Blood parameters

  • Clinical, lifestyle (nutrition, physical activity), psychological, environmental and social factors (questionnaires and protocols)

  • Sampling of blood samples for further research questions

Data collection V1B:
  • Metabolic response to meal challenge

  • Vital parameters

  • Blood parameters

  • Urine parameters

  • Hand Strength Measurement

  • Clinical, lifestyle (nutrition, physical activity), psychological, environmental and social factors (questionnaires and protocols)

  • Sampling of blood, urine and saliva

  • Optional: Adipose tissue distribution by MRI measurement; parameters for physical strength, motor function and body static condition; 24h urine collection; fecal samples

Step II - Weight loss intervention Once participant is still deemed eligible after V1A and V1B, the formula-based low calorie diet (LCD) starts as weight loss intervention. Formula products will be provided once per week. An additional daily intake of 200 g raw or cooked non-starchy vegetables is allowed. Participants fulfill a food diary to record eaten products including drinks and vegetables and to record well-being or side effects. Furthermore, participants are phenotyped by a continuous glucose measurement during the first four weeks of intervention.

Data collection V2:
  • Anthropometry

  • Vital parameters

  • Blood and urine parameters

  • Clinical, lifestyle (nutrition, physical activity), psychological, environmental and social factors (questionnaires and protocols)

  • Resting metabolic rate

  • Hand strength measurement

  • Documentation of safety

  • Continuous glucose measurement

  • Sampling of blood, urine, and saliva

  • Optional: Adipose tissue distribution by MRI measurement; parameters for physical strength, motor function and body static condition; 24h urine collection; fecal samples Step III - Weight maintenance intervention

If weight loss is > 4 kg after eight weeks, the participant is eligible for randomization into one of the following four weight maintenance intervention arms:

Low carb - App-based group Low carb - Newsletter-based group Low fat - App-based group Low fat - Newsletter-based group

Data collection V3A:
  • Anthropometry

  • Blood and urine parameters

  • Clinical, lifestyle (nutrition, physical activity), psychological, environmental and social factors (questionnaires and protocols)

  • Documentation of safety

  • Sampling of blood and urine samples for further research questions, e.g. metabolic profile (to be confirmed)

  • Optional: 24h urine collection

Data collection V3B:
  • Anthropometry

  • Blood parameters

  • Clinical, lifestyle (nutrition, physical activity), psychological, environmental and social factors (questionnaires and protocols)

  • Documentation of safety

  • Sampling of blood samples for further research questions, e.g. metabolic profile (to be confirmed)

Data collection V3C:
  • Anthropometry

  • Blood and urine parameters

  • Resting metabolic rate

  • Vital parameters

  • Clinical, lifestyle (nutrition, physical activity), psychological, environmental and social factors (questionnaires and protocols)

  • Documentation of safety

  • Hand strength measurement

  • Sampling of blood, urine, and saliva

  • Optional: Adipose tissue distribution by MRI measurement; parameters for physical strength, motor function and body static condition; 24h urine collection; fecal samples Step IV - Follow-up During follow-up, all participants receive the same newsletters with nutritional information every 3 months (independent of weight maintenance intervention group). Further weight management is carried out by "self-help".

Data collection V4:
  • Anthropometry

  • Vital parameters

  • Blood parameters (

  • Clinical, lifestyle (nutrition, physical activity), psychological, environmental and social factors (questionnaires and protocols)

  • Resting metabolic rate

  • Sampling of blood

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
252 participants
Allocation:
Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
This clinical study is a single-center 2*2 factorial randomized trial. For the weight maintenance step, participants will be randomized into one of the four weight maintenance intervention arms.This clinical study is a single-center 2*2 factorial randomized trial. For the weight maintenance step, participants will be randomized into one of the four weight maintenance intervention arms.
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
Lifestyle Intervention Study
Actual Study Start Date :
Jul 17, 2019
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Dec 1, 2022
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Dec 1, 2023

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Active Comparator: Low carb - App-based group

Low carb is defined as 30 energy percent from carbs and consist of 20 energy percent from protein. The daily energy requirement is calculated for each participant individually, based on his/hers resting metabolic rate and physical activity level. Daily energy intake should be 10% lower than the calculated daily energy requirement. Participants assigned to the app-based group works together with a personal coach via app, providing nutritional guidance and support during the 12-month weight maintenance step.

Behavioral: Weight maintenance intervention
Weight maintenance intervention (52 weeks): After randomization, participants will follow either a low carb or a low fat diet and get nutritional assistance either by an app or a newsletter, based on the group they got randomized to (low carb/app, low carb/newsletter, low fat/app, low fat/newsletter).
Other Names:
  • Dietary Intervention
  • Active Comparator: Low carb - Newsletter-based group

    Low carb is defined as 30 energy percent from carbs and consist of 20 energy percent from protein. The daily energy requirement is calculated for each participant individually, based on his/hers resting metabolic rate and physical activity level. Daily energy intake should be 10% lower than the calculated daily energy requirement. The newsletter intervention group gets regularly digital newsletters, in the same frequency as "contacts" take place in the app-based group.

    Behavioral: Weight maintenance intervention
    Weight maintenance intervention (52 weeks): After randomization, participants will follow either a low carb or a low fat diet and get nutritional assistance either by an app or a newsletter, based on the group they got randomized to (low carb/app, low carb/newsletter, low fat/app, low fat/newsletter).
    Other Names:
  • Dietary Intervention
  • Active Comparator: Low fat - App-based group

    Low fat is defined as 25 energy percent from fat and consist of 20 energy percent from protein. The daily energy requirement is calculated for each participant individually, based on his/hers resting metabolic rate and physical activity level. Daily energy intake should be 10% lower than the calculated daily energy requirement. Participants assigned to the app-based group works together with a personal coach via app, providing nutritional guidance and support during the 12-month weight maintenance step.

    Behavioral: Weight maintenance intervention
    Weight maintenance intervention (52 weeks): After randomization, participants will follow either a low carb or a low fat diet and get nutritional assistance either by an app or a newsletter, based on the group they got randomized to (low carb/app, low carb/newsletter, low fat/app, low fat/newsletter).
    Other Names:
  • Dietary Intervention
  • Active Comparator: Low fat - Newsletter-based group

    Low fat is defined as 25 energy percent from fat and consist of 20 energy percent from protein. The daily energy requirement is calculated for each participant individually, based on his/hers resting metabolic rate and physical activity level. Daily energy intake should be 10% lower than the calculated daily energy requirement. The newsletter intervention group gets regularly digital newsletters, in the same frequency as "contacts" take place in the app-based group.

    Behavioral: Weight maintenance intervention
    Weight maintenance intervention (52 weeks): After randomization, participants will follow either a low carb or a low fat diet and get nutritional assistance either by an app or a newsletter, based on the group they got randomized to (low carb/app, low carb/newsletter, low fat/app, low fat/newsletter).
    Other Names:
  • Dietary Intervention
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Weight maintenance 12 months after weight loss intervention [15 months]

      Body weight change in kg and % (from baseline weight)

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Weight change after eight weeks of formula diet [month 3]

      Body weight in kg and % (from baseline weight)

    2. Glucose [month 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 27]

      Change in glucose in mg/dl

    3. Insulin [month 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 27]

      Change in insulin in µU/ml

    4. Lipids [month 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 27]

      Change in blood lipids (total cholesterin, triglyzeride, HDL cholesterin, LDL cholesterin - highly correlated to each other) in mg/dl

    5. Leptin [month 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 27]

      Change in leptin in ng/ml

    6. Resting metabolic rate [month 0, 3, 15, 27]

      Resting metabolic rate in kilocalories / 24 hours

    7. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) [month 0, 3, 15, 27]

      MRI data (organ volume, proton density fat fraction)

    8. Insulin response on meal challenges [month 0]

      Insulin response at different time points during meal challenge in µU/ml

    9. Glucose response on meal challenges [month 0]

      Glucose response at different time points during meal challenge in mg/dl

    10. Lipid response on meal challenges [month 0]

      Lipid (total cholesterin, triglyzeride, HDL cholesterin, LDL cholesterin - highly correlated to each other) response at different time points during meal challenge in mg/dl

    Eligibility Criteria

    Criteria

    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years to 65 Years
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    All
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    No
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Age: 18 - 65 years

    • BMI: 30,0 - 39,9 kg/m2

    • Owner of a smartphone

    • Caucasian

    • No severe diseases

    • Informed written consent

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Diabetes mellitus

    • Severe cardiovascular and/or respiratory disease

    • Untreated high blood pressure

    • Severe kidney disease

    • Active cancer (or in remission)

    • Inflammatory bowel disease

    • Severe chronic infections and/or inflammations

    • Severe mental-health disorders

    • Neurodegenerative disorders

    • Endocrine diseases

    • Lipedema

    • Pregnancy and lactation

    • Vigorous weight fluctuations (> 5 kg) in the last 3 months

    • Immobility

    • Surgery in the last 3 months

    • Participation in other intervention studies

    • Carrier of pace makers

    • Blood donation or transfusion in the last 3 months

    Contacts and Locations

    Locations

    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1Institute for Nutritional Medicine, Technical University of MunichMunichBavariaGermany80992

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • Technische Universität München

    Investigators

    • Principal Investigator: Christina Holzapfel, PhD, TUM School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Additional Information:

    Publications

    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Christina Holzapfel, Principal investigator, Technische Universität München
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT04023942
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • 01EA1709
    First Posted:
    Jul 18, 2019
    Last Update Posted:
    Jan 11, 2022
    Last Verified:
    Jan 1, 2022
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Yes
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Yes
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    No
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    No
    Keywords provided by Christina Holzapfel, Principal investigator, Technische Universität München
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Jan 11, 2022