Efficacy and Safety of Dexamethasone Prevention for Patients of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome
This prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial will evaluate the effect and security of dexamethasone prevention for Patients of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome.
|Condition or Disease
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a iatrogenic complication of ovarian stimulation,which in its severe form is associated with significant morbidity and can be life threatening. It is characterized by cystic enlargement of the ovaries and rapid fluid shifts from the intravascular compartment to the third space. It is thought that increased vascular permeability is the pivotal mechanism of OHSS pathophysiology. The administration of human chorionic gonadotrophin results in the release of vasoactive substance such as vascular endothelial growth factor that causes vasodilation and leakage of fluids. Glucocorticoids and their synthetic derivatives have an inhibitory effect on the VEGF gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells. By reducing leukocytic infiltration and the release of inflammatory mediator, inhibiting vasodilation and preventing increases in vascular permeability, these agents can dampen the inflammatory response and prevent edema formation ,thus offering a potential therapeutic intervention for OHSS. Investigators have observed more than a hundred patients in clinical practice that low-dose dexamethasone has prevention action for patients in IVF cycles at high risk of OHSS. This clinical trial is designed to evaluate the effect and security of dexamethasone prevention for patients of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome. There are two groups: bromocriptine group, dexamethasone group .After followed-up for 7 days , Clinical OHSS parameters will be collected at oocyte retrieval and at the 4rd d and 6th d of treatment .
Arms and Interventions
|Active Comparator: bromocriptine group
Rectal bromocriptine (2.5 mg, qd) for 7 days
Patients in this group will receive rectal bromocriptine at a daily dose of 2.5 mg for 7 days,from the day of oocyte pickup.At oocyte retrieval and at the 3rd d and 5th d of treatment, all the patients received the measurements of body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (AC), maximum depth of ascites in ultrasonic (D),hepatorenal function, coagulation function ,white blood cell count (WBC), hematocrit (HCT), Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor(VEGF),drink intake (Intake) and urine volume.
|Experimental: dexamethasone group
Oral take dexamethasone(3mg,qd)for 7 days
Patients in this group will take oral dexamethasone at a daily dose of 3mg for 7 days,from the day of oocyte pickup.At oocyte retrieval and at the 3rd d and 5th d of treatment, all the patients received the measurements of body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (AC), maximum depth of ascites in ultrasonic (D),hepatorenal function, coagulation function ,white blood cell count (WBC), hematocrit (HCT),Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor(VEGF), drink intake (Intake) and urine volume.
Primary Outcome Measures
- Incidence of moderate and severe OHSS [7 days]
Moderate OHSS is characterized by the presence of ascites on ultrasound examination ,moderate hemoconcentration and elevated leukocytes.Symptoms include abdominal distension , nausea and vomiting . And diagnosis of severe OHSS required clinical evidence of ascites or hydrothorax or breathing difficulties or one of the following criteria: 1) increased blood viscosity i.e. hemoglobin at least 15 gm%, hematocrit at least 45%, or leucocyte count at least 20,000 per cubic millimeter. 2) coagulation abnormality.3) liver dysfunction, defined when transaminases (AST or ALT) are more than 40 u/ml.
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Adverse side effects of treatment [7 days]
Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE V4.0.
Women of reproductive age
Women having controlled ovarian hyperstimulation as part of any assisted reproductive technique
Women at risk of severe OHSS(serum estradiol levels were>3000pg/ml on the day of HCG trigger ; there was retrieval of 20 or more oocytes)
Unwillingness to comply with the study protocol.
Attending other clinical trials in the same period.
Chronic glucocorticoid their synthetic derivatives intake.
History of allergic to study medications.
The patients who cannot take dexamethasone.： hypertension, diabetes,gastric ulcer; abnormal renal or hepatic function and so on.
Contacts and Locations
|The Sixth Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-Sen University
Sponsors and Collaborators
- Sun Yat-sen University
- Principal Investigator: Haitao Zeng, Reproductive medicine center , 6th Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.