MST-PD: MST for Parkinson's Disease

Sponsor
University of British Columbia (Other)
Overall Status
Recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT04784494
Collaborator
(none)
20
Enrollment
1
Location
1
Arm
26.3
Anticipated Duration (Months)
0.8
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

This trial aims to test the feasibility of Magnetic Seizure Therapy (MST) for Depression in patients diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Device: Magnetic Seizure Theapy (MagPro XP MST)
N/A

Detailed Description

This is a phase II, single-arm open-label feasibility trial testing the feasibility of MST for dPD. The trial will occur over 18 months at one academic center in Canada (UBC). The enrollment goal is 20 patients with Parkinson's disease and comorbid moderate/severe depression. Research subjects will provide informed consent before enrollment and participation in any research procedures.The study design follows international CONSORT guidelines for the reporting of results in feasibility trials.

Treatment will be administered two days per week (Tuesday/Thursday). This frequency has been chosen as research indicates that depression outcomes at the end of a course of ECT are similar between twice and thrice a week session, but twice a week sessions are associated with fewer cognitive side effects. Depression symptoms will be assessed with the Inventory for Depressive Symptoms. Response and remission will follow standard definition of decrease ≥50% (response) and IDS < 10 (remission). Patients will receive a maximum of 16 treatments. This maximum treatment number was chosen as the number of ECT treatments for an index course in depression is 12, but available data on MST indicates that MST may require more treatment sessions to achieve remission.

Aim 1. To evaluate the feasibility of using MST to treat dPD in preparation for a future definite superiority trial comparing active MST vs. sham MST for depression in Parkinson's disease.

Hypothesis 1a: Enrollment will be ≥70% of the planned target (i.e. 14 out of 20 participants).

Hypothesis 1b: Retention rate of randomized participants will be ≥70%.

Aim 2. To characterize the side effect profile of MST in dPD, with particular emphasis on cardiovascular and cognitive side effects.

Hypothesis 2a: Drop out rates due to side effects during treatment will be ≤10%

Aim 3: To obtain mean, SD, and 95% confidence intervals of potential outcome variables for the future RCT to estimate the sample size of the future RCT.

Aim 4: To explore the use of EEG as a biomarker of treatment response and correlate of response to MST

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
20 participants
Allocation:
N/A
Intervention Model:
Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
Single-arm, open-label feasibility trial.Single-arm, open-label feasibility trial.
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
Magnetic Seizure Therapy for Parkinson's Disease
Actual Study Start Date :
Sep 20, 2021
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Oct 1, 2023
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Dec 1, 2023

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Magnetic Seizure Therapy

MST treatments will be administered using the MagPro XP MST with Cool TwinCoil.

Device: Magnetic Seizure Theapy (MagPro XP MST)
MST treatment will be administered over the frontal/vertex cortex using 100 Hz stimulation using the MagPro XP MST with Cool TwinCoil. The MST determination of seizure threshold will be done using 100% machine output applied at 100 Hz at progressively escalating train durations, commencing at 2 seconds and increasing by 2 seconds with each subsequent stimulation until an adequate seizure is produced. During subsequent sessions, one stimulation will be delivered using a train duration that is 4 seconds longer than the train duration at threshold (with a maximum train duration of 10 seconds). MST treatments will be administered twice a week, for up to 16 treatments. This will be performed under the effect of anesthesia. The treatment procedure is approximately 10 minutes, followed by a recovery period of approximately 30 minutes.
Other Names:
  • MagPro MST (Tonica Elektronik A/S, Denmark)
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Feasibility of using MST to treat dPDT for depression in Parkinson's disease: recruitment [18 months]

      Enrollment will be ≥70% of the planned target.

    2. Feasibility of using MST to treat dPDT for depression in Parkinson's disease: retention [18 months]

      Retention rate of randomized participants will be ≥70%

    3. Feasibility of using MST to treat dPDT for depression in Parkinson's disease: side effects [18 months]

      Drop out rates due to side effects will be ≤10%

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Efficacy information to plan future definite trial [18 months]

      To obtain mean, SD, and 95% confidence intervals of potential outcome variables for the future RCT to estimate the sample size of the future RCT. Inventory of Depressive Symptoms (IDS-30), Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS), and MDS-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS).

    Eligibility Criteria

    Criteria

    Ages Eligible for Study:
    50 Years and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    All
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    No
    Inclusion Criteria:
    1. Are outpatient or inpatient persons capable of providing informed consent;

    2. ≥50 years old;

    3. Confirmed diagnosis of Parkinson's disease based on UK Brain Bank criteria;

    4. Hoehn and Yahr stage between 1-4;

    5. MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview diagnosis, Version 6 (MINI-6.0.) diagnosis of a current major depressive episode;

    6. IDS score of ≥22 (moderate/severe depression);

    7. Are on stable doses of psychotropic medication;

    8. Are considered to be appropriate to receive convulsive therapy as assessed by an attending psychiatrist and a consultant anaesthesiologist;

    9. Patient may or may not be on antidepressant medication, but If on antidepressant medication, they should be agreeable to keep their current antidepressant treatment constant during the intervention;

    10. are able to adhere to the intervention schedule;

    11. meet the MST safety criteria;

    Exclusion Criteria:
    1. Current diagnosis of major neurocognitive disorder other than PD (eg. Multiple System Atrophy, Lewy Body Dementia) or dementia (Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) <21)

    2. Current active psychosis;

    3. Have any of the cardiovascular risk factors listed on the Revised Cardiac Risk Index Score

    4. Unstable medical conditions that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, carries significant risk of exacerbation by either of the study interventions;

    5. Psychotropic medication initiation <4 weeks prior to enrolment (two classes, antiparkinsonsian and antidepressant compounds);

    6. Have an intracranial implant (e.g., aneurysm clips, shunts, stimulators, cochlear implants, or electrodes) or any other metal object within or near the head, excluding the mouth, that cannot be safely removed;

    7. Require a benzodiazepine dose > 2mg/day of lorazepam or equivalent dose or are on any anticonvulsant due to the potential of these medications to limit the efficacy of MST;

    8. Are unable to communicate in English fluently enough to complete the neuropsychological tests;

    9. Have a non-correctable clinically significant sensory impairment (i.e., cannot hear or see well enough to complete the neuropsychological tests).

    10. Have a non-correctable clinically significant sensory impairment (i.e., cannot hear or see well enough to complete the neuropsychological tests).

    Contacts and Locations

    Locations

    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1University of British ColumbiaVancouverBritish ColumbiaCanadaV6T2A1

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • University of British Columbia

    Investigators

    • Principal Investigator: Fidel Vila-Rodriguez, MD, PhD, University of British Columbia

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Publications

    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Fidel Vila-Rodriguez, Principle Investigator, University of British Columbia
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT04784494
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • H19-01049
    First Posted:
    Mar 5, 2021
    Last Update Posted:
    Oct 7, 2021
    Last Verified:
    Sep 1, 2021
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    No
    Plan to Share IPD:
    No
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    No
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    No
    Keywords provided by Fidel Vila-Rodriguez, Principle Investigator, University of British Columbia
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Oct 7, 2021