Platelet Aggregation in COVID-19 Patients

Sponsor
Mansoura University (Other)
Overall Status
Completed
CT.gov ID
NCT06097429
Collaborator
(none)
75
1
7.1
10.6

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Context: Hypercoagulable state associated with COVID-19 is one of the pathologic events that noticed in different waves of COVID-19 pandemics and leads to serious consequences in mortality and morbidity Aim: To evaluate platelet aggregation using light-transmission aggregometry and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) as an agonist in COVID-19 patients.

Settings and design: This was prospective cross-sectional study. Patients and methods:

Seventy-five individuals were enrolled in this study and divided into two groups, 50 patients with PCR-positive COVID-19 as study group and 25 apparently healthy individual as a control group. All individuals were subjected to full clinical evaluation, CT-chest, laboratory investigations: CBC, INR, LDH, CRP, serum ferritin and platelet aggregation evaluation using light-transmission aggregometry and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) as an agonist

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
  • Diagnostic Test: blood sample for platelet aggregation

Detailed Description

This observational, case control study included 50 adult patients with positive COVID-19 PCR test recruited from isolation department of Mansoura university hospital from July 2021 to May 2022 as a study group, and control group included 25 healthy persons with no history nor symptoms of COVID -19 and negative PCR test, matched with the study group regarding the demographic variables and comorbidities.

The protocol of this study was approved by the Institutional Research Board of Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University (code no: MS.21.07.1596) and written informed consents were obtained from all patients to be enrolled in this study.

The aim of this study was to evaluate platelet aggregation using light-transmission aggregometry and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) as an agonist in COVID-19 patients, in comparison to that in healthy controls.

Patients:
Inclusion criteria:

Age ≥ 18 years old.

Study group: COVID-19 confirmed cases with positive PCR test in the first week of diagnosis with COVID-19 CT changes with any severity grade according to WHO, (2020) as:

Mild cases: mild clinical symptoms and no imaging findings of pneumonia. Moderate cases:

fever, respiratory symptoms and radiological abnormalities of COVID-19.

Severe cases: meet any of the following; SpO2 < 93%, PaO2 /FiO2 < 300, respiratory rate equal or more than 30 breaths/min, or lung infiltration more than 50% including GGO or consolidation .

Critically ill cases: respiratory failure, need for invasive MV, septic shock, and/or multiorgan dysfunction.

Exclusion criteria:
The following patients were excluded:

Patients with thrombocytopenia and thrombocytosis defined as platelet count less than 100,000/ µL, count more than 450,000 / µL respectively Patients with hematocrit abnormalities as less than 34% or greater than 55% Patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) Active malignancy Liver disease as such chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis or liver cell failure. Any hematological disorders as hemophilia or thalassemia. Patients on invasive mechanical ventilation as endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation itself are factors for having a higher mean platelet volume (MPV) which means that platelets are larger than average which are more adhesive and likely to aggregate in vitro. Patients receiving aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antiplatelet drugs or any other medications that can influence platelet function (14 days prior to blood sample collection)

Control group: healthy volunteers, persons with no history nor symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 with negative COVID -19 PCR test and no CT Chest changes suggestive of COVID-19 infection. They were also matched with the study group in demographic variables and comorbidities. Methods:

All patients were subjected to the following:
  1. Full history taking with stress on: Demographic data (age and sex), smoking history and co-morbid diseases as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, bronchial asthma, cerebral stroke, and malignancy. Symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 as dyspnea, cough, expectorations, hemoptysis, fever, bone aches, sore throat, loss of taste, anosmia, diarrhea and headache.

  2. General and local chest examination.

  3. Laboratory investigations as:

  4. Complete blood count (CBC)

  5. Liver function tests (ALT, AST, and serum albumin)

  6. Serum creatinine • International normalized ratio (INR).

  7. Inflammatory markers as (lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C- reactive protein (CRP), D-dimer and serum ferritin)

  8. Radiological assessment (CT chest):

  1. Description either consolidation or ground glass opacity according to Hansell et al. (2008).
  1. CT severity score was assessed according to Bernheim et al. (2020) with each of the five lung lobes assessed and scored for the degree of involvement and classified as: score 0, no involvement (0% affected); 1, minimal (1%-25%); 2, mild (26%-50%); 3, moderate (51%-75%); and 4, severe (76%-100%). A total severity score was obtained by summing the five lobe scores, with a range between 0 and 20. A score of 1-5 was graded as "minimal," 6-10 as "mild," 11-15 as "moderate," and 16-20 as "severe."
  1. Platelet aggregation work:

  2. Reagent used: Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) was used in this study as an agonist to enhance and evaluate platelet aggregation. It is a lyophilized preparation of adenosine-5'-diphosphate. The working concentration of the reconstituted reagent is 200 µM.

  3. Device of aggregation: a platelet lighttransmission aggregometer (PAP-8E brand aggregometer). It is manufactured by Bio/Data Corporation in USA, it has programmable electronic pipette with charging stand, 8 test channels and computer with monitor.

  4. Test procedure was done according to Hvas and Favaloro (2017)

  5. Outcomes measures:

  6. Developing new thromboembolic event as arterial or venous thrombosis, such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI), cerebral stroke, and pulmonary thromboembolism during hospitalization and specifying the type of this event.

  7. Need to invasive mechanical ventilation (MV).

  8. Length of hospital stay (days) including more or less and equal 7 days.

  9. Mortality rate.

Study Design

Study Type:
Observational
Actual Enrollment :
75 participants
Observational Model:
Case-Control
Time Perspective:
Prospective
Official Title:
Evaluation of Platelet Aggregation in COVID-19 Patients
Actual Study Start Date :
Jul 1, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date :
Jan 1, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date :
Feb 1, 2022

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
study group

COVID-19 confirmed cases with positive PCR test in the first week of diagnosis

Diagnostic Test: blood sample for platelet aggregation
evaluate platelet aggregation using light-transmission aggregometry and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)

control group

healthy volunteers, persons with no history nor symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 with negative COVID -19 PCR test and no CT Chest changes suggestive of COVID-19 infection.

Diagnostic Test: blood sample for platelet aggregation
evaluate platelet aggregation using light-transmission aggregometry and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Mortality rate. [day 0 to day 30]

    recording from any mortality from the study and the control group

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. Developing new thromboembolic event as arterial or venous thrombosis [day 0 to day 30]

    acute myocardial infarction (AMI), cerebral stroke, and pulmonary thromboembolism during hospitalization and specifying the type of this event

  2. Need to invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) [day 0 to day 30]

    number of cases deteriorating and managed by invasive mechanical ventilation

  3. Length of hospital stay (days) [day 0 to day 30]

    more or less and equal 7 days

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and Older
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Yes
Inclusion Criteria:

Age ≥ 18 years old.

Exclusion Criteria:
  • • Patients with thrombocytopenia and thrombocytosis defined as platelet count less than 100,000/ µL, count more than 450,000 / µL respectively

  • Patients with hematocrit abnormalities as less than 34% or greater than 55%

  • Patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)

  • Active malignancy

  • Liver disease as such chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis or liver cell failure.

  • Any hematological disorders as hemophilia or thalassemia.

  • Patients on invasive mechanical ventilation as endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation itself are factors for having a higher mean platelet volume (MPV) which means that platelets are larger than average which are more adhesive and likely to aggregate in vitro. Patients receiving aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antiplatelet drugs or any other medications that can influence platelet function (14 days prior to blood sample collection)

Contacts and Locations

Locations

Site City State Country Postal Code
1 Faculty of Medicine Mansoura Egypt 35516

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Mansoura University

Investigators

  • Study Chair: rehab Ah elmorsey, MD, Mansoura University, chest medicine departmenr

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Publications

None provided.
Responsible Party:
Mansoura University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT06097429
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • MS.21.07.1596
First Posted:
Oct 24, 2023
Last Update Posted:
Oct 24, 2023
Last Verified:
Oct 1, 2023
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
No
Keywords provided by Mansoura University
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Oct 24, 2023