Music Listening as a Postanesthesia Care Unit (PACU) Nursing Intervention
A randomized comparison clinical trial will be conducted in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy patients in the Weinberg PACU at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. 50 patients will be recruited and randomly assigned by a table of random numbers to either the music listening group (n=35) or the relaxation breathing group (n=35).
|Condition or Disease||Intervention/Treatment||Phase|
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy patients who experience music listening will report decreased anxiety scores and improved pain control scores compared with patients listening to relaxation and breathing.
There will be no difference in reported anxiety scores and pain control scores between laparoscopic radical prostatectomy patients listening to music versus listening to relaxation and breathing instructions.
Music listening participants who meet inclusion criteria will be consented in the PreOp Unit and asked to complete the Spielberg State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaire. Patient vital signs will be taken and patient will be invited to listen to music study iPod for 15 minutes prior to changing into a hospital gown.
The music listening group will receive the standard care and a 15 minute patient-preferred music listening selection intervention in the Prep Room and unlimited music listening selection intervention in the PACU once cognitively ready until discharge criteria met. The relaxation breathing group will receive the relaxation and breathing instructions over soft monotone music in the PACU once cognitively ready until discharge criteria met.
The experimental music listening group will reveal statistically significant decrease postanesthesia anxiety and pain, while lowering the blood pressure, heart rate and amount of opioids after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy surgery compared to the control group.
The findings of the music listening intervention will provide further evidence to support the practice of music listening to decrease postanesthesia anxiety and pain, while lowering the blood pressure, heart rate and amount of opioids after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy surgery.
Arms and Interventions
|Experimental: Preferred music listening|
Patients will be randomized to listen to music with iPod that has preferred music selections that patients can choose.
Behavioral: Preferred music listening
The preferred music listening group will receive 15 minute patient-preferred music listening selection intervention in the Prep Room and unlimited music listening selection intervention in the PACU once cognitively ready until discharge criteria met.
|Experimental: Hypnotic music with relaxation breathing|
Patients will be randomized to listen to hypnotic music with relaxation breathing narrative.
Behavioral: Relaxation breathing narrative over hypnotic music listening
The relaxation breathing group will receive the relaxation and breathing instructions over soft monotone hypnotic music in the PreOp unit before surgery and then in the PACU once cognitively ready to listen to the hypnotic music until discharge criteria met.
Primary Outcome Measures
- Change in anxiety as assessed by Spielberg STAI Questionnaire [Baseline and at recovery from PACU, up to 120 minutes]
The Spielberg STAI Questionnaire has a score range of 20-80, with higher scores indicating greater anxiety.
- Change in pain score [Baseline and at recovery from PACU, up to 120 minutes]
Pain will be assessed on a 0-10 scale with higher scores signifying more pain.
All adult male patients schedule to have a laparoscopic radical prostatectomy surgery who are ages 45 to 80 years of age
All ethnic backgrounds
- All patients who do not speak or understand the English language to the extent that it precludes their ability to provide informed consent for the study
Contacts and Locations
|1||Johns Hopkins Hospital||Baltimore||Maryland||United States||21287|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- Johns Hopkins University
- Principal Investigator: Myrna E Mamaril, DNP, Johns Hopkins University
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.
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