A Study of Atezolizumab With or Without Tiragolumab Following Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Participants With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

Sponsor
Hoffmann-La Roche (Industry)
Overall Status
Recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT05009069
Collaborator
(none)
76
Enrollment
1
Location
2
Arms
47
Anticipated Duration (Months)
1.6
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of atezolizumab plus tiragolumab or atezolizumab alone following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in participants with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). The study consists of a safety run-in phase and a randomization phase. Participants enrolled in the safety run-in phase will receive atezolizumab + tiragolumab following nCRT. Upon determination of the safety of the treatment regimen, the study will be proceed to the randomization phase. Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the atezolizumab + tiragolumab arm or atezolizumab arm.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
Phase 2

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
76 participants
Allocation:
Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
A Phase II, Randomized, Open Label, Parallel-group Study of Atezolizumab With or Without Tiragolumab Following Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer
Anticipated Study Start Date :
Apr 30, 2022
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Jun 30, 2023
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Mar 31, 2026

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Atezolizumab + Tiragolumab

Weeks 1-5: Radiotherapy to the pelvis on Days 1-5 every week. Chemotherapy: Capecitabine or fluorouracil (5-FU) 5 days/week during radiotherapy. Day 1 of Weeks 8, 11 and 14: Atezolizumab plus tiragolumab (Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 3 cycles).

Radiation: Radiotherapy
Weeks 1-5: 45-50.4Gy in 25-28 fractions to the pelvis on Days 1-5 every week.

Drug: Capecitabine
Weeks 1-5: Capecitabine 825 mg/m^2 orally twice daily (bid) 5 days/week during radiotherapy.

Drug: Fluorouracil
Weeks 1-5: fluorouracil (5-FU) 225 mg/m^2 intravenously (IV) over 24 hours 5 days/week during radiotherapy.

Drug: Atezolizumab
Weeks 8, 11 and 14: Atezolizumab 1200 mg IV on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 3 cycles.

Drug: Tiragolumab
Weeks 8, 11 and 14: Tiragolumab 600 mg IV on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 3 cycles.

Other: Atezolizumab

Weeks 1-5: Radiotherapy to the pelvis on Days 1-5 every week. Chemotherapy: Capecitabine or fluorouracil (5-FU) 5 days/week during radiotherapy. Day 1 of Weeks 8, 11 and 14: Atezolizumab (Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 3 cycles).

Radiation: Radiotherapy
Weeks 1-5: 45-50.4Gy in 25-28 fractions to the pelvis on Days 1-5 every week.

Drug: Capecitabine
Weeks 1-5: Capecitabine 825 mg/m^2 orally twice daily (bid) 5 days/week during radiotherapy.

Drug: Fluorouracil
Weeks 1-5: fluorouracil (5-FU) 225 mg/m^2 intravenously (IV) over 24 hours 5 days/week during radiotherapy.

Drug: Atezolizumab
Weeks 8, 11 and 14: Atezolizumab 1200 mg IV on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 3 cycles.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Percentage of Participants With Pathological Complete Response (pCR) [At Week 16, Day 1]

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. Percentage of Participants With R0 Resection [At Week 16, Day 1]

  2. Objective Response Rate (ORR) Before Surgery [At Week 16, Day 1]

  3. One/Two/Three-year Relapse-free Survival (1/2/3-y RFS) Rate [Year 1, Year 2, Year 3]

  4. One/Two/Three-year Event-free Survival (1/2/3-y EFS) Rate [Year 1, Year 2, Year 3]

  5. Percentage of Participants With pCR in Subgroup Population With PD-L1/ PVR/TIGIT Positive Expression [At Week 16, Day 1]

  6. 1/2/3-y Disease-free Survival (DFS) Rate in Subgroup Population With PD-L1/ PVR/TIGIT Positive Expression [Year 1, Year 2, Year 3]

  7. 1/2/3-y EFS Rate in Subgroup Population With PD-L1/ PVR/TIGIT Positive Expression [Year 1, Year 2, Year 3]

  8. Percentage of Participants With Adverse Events [Up to 40 months]

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and Older
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
No
Inclusion Criteria:
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the rectum

  • Resectable locally advanced rectal cancer, with clinical stage as cT3N+M0 or cT4NanyM0 per American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)/ International Union Against Cancer (UICC) 8th edition

  • The inferior margin of the tumor ≤10cm from the anal verge

  • No prior anti-cancer treatment for rectal cancer

  • Availability of a representative tumor specimen that is suitable for pathological evaluation and biomarker expression analysis

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status (PS) of 0 or 1

  • At least one measurable lesion per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RESIST) v1.1

  • Adequate hematologic and end-organ function

  • For patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation: stable anticoagulant regimen

  • Negative HIV test at screening

  • For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraception, and agreement to refrain from donating eggs for at least 5 months after the final dose of atezolizumab and for 90 days after the final dose of tiragolumab, for 6 months after the final dose of capecitabine, for 6 months after the final dose of 5-FU

  • For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods and agreement to refrain from donating sperm for at least 90 days after the final dose of tiragolumab, 3 months after final dose of capecitabine, for 6 months after the final dose of 5-FU.

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Evidence of metastatic disease

  • Histology consistent with small cell carcinoma, squamous carcinoma, or mixed carcinoma

  • Presence of synchronous colorectal cancer

  • Presence of obstruction or imminent obstruction

  • Clinical symptoms or radiological suspicion of bowel perforation

  • Not eligible for long-course radiotherapy

  • History of malignancies other than rectal cancer within 3 years prior to screening with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death

  • Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency

  • Significant cardiovascular disease

  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia, drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan

  • Severe chronic or active infection within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment

  • Treatment with therapeutic oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment

  • Uncontrolled tumor-related pain

  • Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites requiring recurrent drainage procedures

  • Uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia

  • Uncontrolled diabetes or Grade ≥ 2 abnormalities in potassium, sodium, despite standard medical management within 14 days prior to initiation of study treatment

  • Prior treatment with CD137 agonists, T-cell co-stimulating, or immune checkpoint blockade therapies, including anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1 and anti-TIGIT therapeutic antibodies

  • Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents

  • Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication

  • Treatment with a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment

  • Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to initiation of study treatment, or abdominal surgery, abdominal interventions or significant abdominal traumatic injury within 60 days prior to initiation of study treatment

  • Any other disease, medical condition or abnormality, metabolic dysfunction, alcohol or drug abuse or dependence, physical examination finding, clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the participant at high risk from treatment complications

  • Treatment with any other investigational agent with therapeutic intent within 28 days prior to study treatment initiation

  • History of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins

  • History of allergic reactions to chemotherapy drugs (5-FU and capecitabine)

  • Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency or history of severe and unexpected reactions to fluoropyrimidine therapy in participants selected to receive capecitabine

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding

Contacts and Locations

Locations

SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
1Zhongshan Hospital Fudan UniversityShanghaiChina200032

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Hoffmann-La Roche

Investigators

  • Study Director: Clinical Trials, Hoffmann-La Roche

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Publications

None provided.
Responsible Party:
Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT05009069
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • ML43050
First Posted:
Aug 17, 2021
Last Update Posted:
Mar 31, 2022
Last Verified:
Mar 1, 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Yes
Plan to Share IPD:
Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.:
Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Mar 31, 2022