Spiritual Resources and Distress in Patients With Affective Disorders

Sponsor
Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich (Other)
Overall Status
Recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT05035199
Collaborator
(none)
220
1
13
17

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

In this study, the investigators want to assess spiritual resources, spiritual distress and spiritual coping in patients with psychiatric disorders of the affective spectrum with a new designed questionnaire the Spiritual Distress and Resources Questionnaire (SDRQ)

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
  • Behavioral: Spiritual Distress and Resources Questionnaire (SDRQ)

Detailed Description

The inclusion of the spiritual dimension in healthcare has been a recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1984. According to the WHO, 'spiritual' refers "to those aspects of human life relating to experiences that transcend sensory phenomena. This is not the same as 'religious', though for many people the spiritual dimension of their lives includes a religious component. The spiritual aspect of human life may be viewed as an integrating element holding together the physical, psychological and social dimensions. It is often perceived as being concerned with meaning and purpose". Today there is a growing body of scientific evidence for therapeutic relevance of the spiritual dimension in different fields of medical health care. Based on this increasing scientific evidence, medical associations such as the Royal College of Psychiatrists recommend the assessment of spiritual needs for therapeutic goals. Despite those long-standing calls and findings, these recommendations have not yet been widely implemented. Even in palliative care, patients indicate that their spiritual concerns are often inadequately addressed. Many clinicians report that they lack the required communication skills to adequately address spiritual concerns, while patients are not used to bring up their spiritual needs by themselves. As spiritual needs can only be integrated into care delivery if known to the practitioners, an explicit assessment is necessary. There are numerous instruments to assess spiritual aspects in the context of health care research - but only few to be used in a clinical context. Furthermore, there are many instruments that take into account the specific spiritual needs at the end of life in palliative care, while there are fewer established instruments in the care of chronic diseases. To close this gap, the investigators constructed and validated a new screening tool for assessing spiritual distress and resources, the Spiritual Distress and Resources Questionnaire (SDRQ) in patients with chronic pain in a previous project within the National Research Program "Smarter Health Care" (NRP 74).

The results of this NRP 74 project showed clearly: Spiritual aspects are considered as important in the context of chronic pain by health care professionals and patients alike. They could be important resources to be integrated in a multimodal pain therapy.

In this study, the investigators want to assess spiritual resources, spiritual distress and spiritual coping in patients with psychiatric disorders of the affective spectrum. To compare the results with the results of chronic pain patients, similar questionnaires as in the above mentioned study within NRP 74 will be used. Additionally, the investigators want to assess the proportion and characteristics of patients who wish spiritual aspects to be integrated in the therapeutic setting. Overall, the goal is to create knowledge to adequately address spiritual aspects in those patients who wish the integration of their spiritual needs into treatment.

Study Design

Study Type:
Observational
Anticipated Enrollment :
220 participants
Observational Model:
Cohort
Time Perspective:
Prospective
Official Title:
Spiritual Resources and Distress in Patients With Affective Disorders
Actual Study Start Date :
Jul 1, 2021
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
May 31, 2022
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Jul 31, 2022

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
Patients with psychiatric disorders

Patients with psychiatric disorders of the affective spectrum.

Behavioral: Spiritual Distress and Resources Questionnaire (SDRQ)
The SDRQ is a validated self-rating instrument to assess spiritual distress and resources. It focuses on beliefs, attitudes, experiences and practices of various kinds (every day and extraordinary), as well as on (dis-)connectedness. It consists of 22 items covering three subscales: spiritual resources, spiritual distress, and spiritual coping (Peng-Keller et. al., 2020, submitted). We constructed five additional questions to find out more why patients want to include spiritual aspects in their treatment.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Spiritual distress, spiritual resources and spiritual coping as assessed with the SDRQ [6 months]

    To what extent do psychiatric patients with disorders of the affective spectrum have spiritual distress, spiritual resources and spiritual coping strategies?

  2. Characteristics of patients as assessed with the sociodemographic questionnaire [6 months]

    What characterizes patients who want spirituality to be included in their treatment in comparison to patients who do not want this?

  3. Comparison of the results of the SDRQ with the results of chronic pain patients [6 months]

    Are the results specific to patients with disorders of the affective spectrum in comparison to patients with chronic pain?

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and Older
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
No
Inclusion Criteria:
  • Minimum age of 18 years

  • Sufficient command of German language as assessed by local study coordinator

  • Psychiatric disorder of the affective spectrum (depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, adjustment disorder, somatoform disorder)

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Cognitive disorders that would impair participation in assessment

Contacts and Locations

Locations

Site City State Country Postal Code
1 PUK Zürich Zürich Switzerland 8021

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich

Investigators

  • Principal Investigator: Michael Rufer, Prof. Dr., PUK Zürich

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Publications

Responsible Party:
Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT05035199
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • 2020-02859
First Posted:
Sep 5, 2021
Last Update Posted:
Apr 25, 2022
Last Verified:
Apr 1, 2022
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Apr 25, 2022