Stereotype Threat Effect On the Performance of the Non-Intensivist Physicians Assigned in Covid-19 Intensive Care Unit

Sponsor
Hacettepe University (Other)
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT05074446
Collaborator
(none)
40
Enrollment
2
Arms
1.5
Anticipated Duration (Months)

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Stereotype threat (ST) is an important issue that has been studied repeatedly in the psychology literature. ST is the thought that a person will be negatively evaluated and judged regarding a negative stereotype that belongs to the group to which he/she belongs. Most people are members of a social group associated with at least one negative stereotype. Therefore, many people in society may be the target of stereotype threat. Previous research has shown that the individual performance of people in groups identified with negative stereotypes, who are exposed to stereotype threat, decreases. The ST may arise when there is an environment in which the skills of the person that may be affected by a stereotype associated with his/her group can be measured, or if this stereotype has become evident.

In Covid-19, there has been a rapid increase in the number of intensive care patients in our country and around the World. Due to this rapid increase, the number of intensivist physicians is insufficient, and non-intensivist physicians from various branches are assigned to intensive care units. In social media and newspaper reports, it was stated that non-intensivist physicians have insufficient knowledge and skills in intubation and in the treatment of lung infection, and the public was asked to take precautions. However, these physicians were expected to treat lung infections and intubate the patients in intensive care units during pandemics. It is unknown to what extent such negative stereotypes, established or already existing, affect the performance of non-intensivist physicians during their appointment to the intensive care units during the pandemic.

As in all other departments, the most basic task expected from doctors in intensive care units is effective basic life support applied for the treatment of cardiopulmonary arrest. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a basic life support model that is mandatory taught in medical schools. For this reason, it is expected that all doctors, regardless of their specialties, will be able to perform CPR effectively. The use of manikins is quite common in order to standardize CPR training and performance measurement. The aim of this study is to evaluate how non-intensivist physicians assigned to intensive care units during the pandemic are affected by stereotype threat and to investigate the necessary conditions to prevent a possible decrease in performance in these physicians.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Other: stereotype threat manipulation
N/A

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
40 participants
Allocation:
Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Masking:
Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose:
Diagnostic
Official Title:
Stereotype Threat Effect On the Performance of the Non-Intensivist Physicians Assigned in Covid-19 Intensive Care Unit
Anticipated Study Start Date :
Nov 15, 2021
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Dec 1, 2021
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Dec 31, 2021

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Stereotype Threat Group

Stereotype threat manipulation will be performed on the participants in the experimental group just before they are taken into the testing room.

Other: stereotype threat manipulation
Stereotype threat is the thought that a person will be negatively evaluated and judged regarding a negative stereotype that belongs to the group to which he/she belongs. Stereotype threat manipulation will be performed on the non-intensivist participants in the experimental group just before they are taken into the testing room. For manipulation, the following sentences will be said to the participants in the experimental group: "We aim to compare the cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance between intensive care units and other branches." The other non-intensivist participants (Control Group) will not be given any prior information.

No Intervention: Control Group

The other group (Control Group) will not be given any prior information.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Performance [During CPR simulation]

    Change in CPR scores in the experimental group compared to the control group. Scoring will be done with the "CPR Scoring Scale" we developed (min:0 - maximum:38). Higher values will indicate more effective CPR.

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and Older
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Yes
Inclusion Criteria:
  1. To have worked in the Covid-19 intensive care unit during the pandemic

  2. To be a non-intensivist physician

Exclusion Criteria:
  1. Not meeting the above criteria

  2. Not willing to participate in the study

Contacts and Locations

Locations

No locations specified.

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Hacettepe University

Investigators

None specified.

Study Documents (Full-Text)

More Information

Publications

Responsible Party:
Murat Tümer, Principal Investigator, Hacettepe University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT05074446
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • Stereotype Threat on Covid ICU
First Posted:
Oct 12, 2021
Last Update Posted:
Nov 19, 2021
Last Verified:
Nov 1, 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Yes
Plan to Share IPD:
Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
No
Keywords provided by Murat Tümer, Principal Investigator, Hacettepe University
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Nov 19, 2021