The Comparison of Virtual and Real Boxing Training in Hemiparetic Stroke Patients

Sponsor
Eastern Mediterranean University (Other)
Overall Status
Completed
CT.gov ID
NCT03651479
Collaborator
(none)
40
Enrollment
1
Location
2
Arms
7
Actual Duration (Months)
5.7
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The aim of this study is to compare the effects of virtual and real boxing training in addition to neurodevelopmental training on cognitive status, upper extremity functions, balance and activities of daily living in hemiparetic stroke patients.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Other: real boxing training
  • Other: virtual boxing training
N/A

Detailed Description

The use of computer systems has become a highly accepted approach in neurorehabilitation currently. Virtual reality (VR) is frequently used in different disease groups for this purpose. By using various VR equipment (sensors, balance board, control, etc.), exercises can be individualized to suit individual needs and aim to stimulate neural plasticity according to motor learning principles with repetitive activities.

In recent years, it has been observed that boxing training (boxing therapy) in individuals with neurological diseases (e.g. Parkinson's disease and stroke) gives positive results. It has been shown in the literature there are short and long-term improvement in daily life activities, quality of life, balance and gait functions after boxing training in patients with Parkinson' disease despite the progressive nature of Parkinson's disease. Additionally it was found that boxing program in sitting has positive effects on upper extremity functions, balance, walking and quality of life in stroke patients. In the literature, there were no studies comparing virtual and boxing therapy in stroke patients. Therefore, the aim of this study is to compare the effects of virtual and real boxing training in addition to neurodevelopmental training (NDT) on cognitive status, upper extremity functions, balance and activities of daily living in hemiparetic stroke patients.

Patients who have had a stroke for the first time with hemiparesis, who are between the ages of 18-70, who has Mini Mental Test score above 23, whose functional level is less than 4 according to the Modified Rankin Scale, who has upper extremity spasticity lower than 3 on Modified Ashworth Scale will be included in this study. In case of hypertension which may prevent rehabilitation, heart disease, subluxation and fracture at the shoulder, visual impairment, limitation in passive normal joint movement in hemiplegic side, botulinum toxin administration or surgical operation in the last 6 months patients will not be excluded.

All the patients will be measured with Addenbrooke's Cognitive Assessment (ACA), Minnesota Hand Skill Test, Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT), Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale (FAB), Frenchay Activity Index (FAI) and video boxing analysis of punching.The measurements will be made at the beginning of the treatment (0 weeks) and at the end of the treatment (8 weeks).

NDT approaches consist of upper extremity facilitation techniques and activities in accordance with the patient's functional level, weight transfer and walking exercises to increase sitting and standing balance, mat exercises with the same purpose considering the functional level for each patient. In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks. In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Actual Enrollment :
40 participants
Allocation:
Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
Randomized controlled studyRandomized controlled study
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
The Comparison of Virtual and Real Boxing Training in Hemiparetic Stroke Patients: a Randomized Controlled Study
Actual Study Start Date :
Nov 10, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date :
Jun 12, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date :
Jun 12, 2019

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: real boxing group

In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given.

Other: real boxing training
In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks.

Experimental: virtual boxing group

In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing.

Other: virtual boxing training
In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Wolf Motor Function Test [8 weeks]

    Wolf Motor Function Test (WFMT) quantifies upper extremity motor ability through the use of timed and functional tasks. The widely used version of the WMFT consists of 17 items, items 7 and 14 are related to subject strength and the other 15 to subject functional ability during various tasks. Performances are scored using a 6-point functional ability scale and the less affected upper extremity followed by the most affected side. The total score, also referred to as Functional Ability score (WMFT-FAS), is the sum of the 15 items score (with a 6-point ordinal score from 0 to 5). The maximum total score is 75 and minimum is 0. Lower scores indicating lower functional levels.

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. Minnesota Manual Dexterity Test [8 weeks]

    Minnesota Manual Dexterity Test (MMDT) measures the speed of gross arm and hand movements (arm-hand dexterity) during rapid eye-hand coordination tasks. The MMDT involve five subtests:The Placing Test (1st item: taking the blocks with one hand and putting them in the holes on the board in a standardized order) and Two-hand Turning and Placing Test (5th item: taking the blocks with two hands and putting them in the holes on the board in a standardized order) were the two items selected for this study.The number of seconds it took to complete the task on each of the trials was recorded. The lower the score, the better the outcome.

  2. Video Boxing Analysis of Punching [8 weeks]

    Video Boxing Analysis (VBA) evaluation method was used to evaluate the goal-oriented performance analysis of upper extremity. For boxing analysis patients were videotaped while punching with their right side, punching with side left and punching bilaterally. Than the videotape were watched to analyze and the number of right unilateral punches in 1 minute, number of left unilateral punches in 1 minute and number of bilateral punches in 1 minute were recorded. This analysis were done for the quantitative assessment of punch number per minute (number of punch/minute). This measurement method is created and constructed by the authors of this study. Higher number of punches indicate better outcome on this analysis.

  3. Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale [8 weeks]

    Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) scale was developed to evaluate sensitive changes in many aspects of balance. This performance-based scale consists of 10 test items assessing functional balance (static and dynamic) status in older people. The individual test items are: 1. Feet together, eyes closed, 2. Reach forward to retrieve an object, 3. Turn in a full circle, 4. Step up and over a bench, 5. Tandem walk, 6. Stand on one leg, 7. Stand on foam, eyes closed, 8. Two-footed jump, 9. Walk with head turns, 10. Reactive postural control. Each test item is scored using a 0-4 scale. The highest score that can be obtained on this multidimensional balance assessment is 40 points, and the lowest is zero. Higher scores indicate better balance abilities. The FAB scale is quick to administer (~10-12 minutes) and can be administered in a relatively small area.

  4. Addenbrooke's Cognitive Assessment [8 weeks]

    Addenbrook's Cognitive Assessment - Revised (ACE-R) is sensitive in the differential diagnosis of early stage dementia. However, the design and psychometric properties is also suitable to provide information about cognitive functions and cognitive deficits in patients without dementia after a stroke. The ACE-R consists of five domains including attention/orientation, memory, verbal fluency, language and visuospatial ability. The ACE-R total scale score ranges from 0 to 100. The ACE-R subscale scores ranges between; 0-18 points for attention, 0-26 for memory, 0-14 for fluency, 0-26 for language and 0-16 for visuospatial processing. Higher scores indicate better cognitive functioning. ACE- R scale was found as reliable and valid in Turkish population.

  5. Frenchay Activities Index [8 weeks]

    Frenchay Activities Index is a measure of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) for use with patients recovering from stroke. The Frenchay Activities Index (FAI) assesses a broad range of activities associated with everyday life. The benefit of the FAI is that while activities of daily living scales tend to focus on issues related to self-care and mobility. The FAI comprises 15 activities, each of which is scored on a 4-point scale (0 to 3), to yield a total score ranging from 0 (inactive) to 45 (active). Scoring is based on the frequency with which the activities are carried out. It can be broken down into three subscales: domestic chores, leisure/work, and outdoor activities. Each subscale's score ranges from 0 to 15.

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 70 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
No
Inclusion Criteria:
  • Patients diagnosed with first time ever stroke

  • Patients with hemiparesis

  • Patients who are between the ages of 18-70

  • Patients who has Mini Mental Test score above 23

  • Patients whose functional level is less than 4 according to the Modified Rankin Scale

  • Patients who has upper extremity spasticity lower than 3 on Modified Ashworth Scale

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Hypertension

  • Heart disease

  • Subluxation and fracture at the shoulder

  • Visual impairment

  • Limitation in passive normal joint movement in hemiplegic side

  • Botulinum toxin administration or surgical operation in the last 6 months patients

Contacts and Locations

Locations

SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
1Eastern Mediterranean UniversityFamagustaNorth Cyprus Via Mersin 10 TurkeyCyprus99450

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Eastern Mediterranean University

Investigators

  • Principal Investigator: Gozde Iyigun, PhD, Eastern Mediterranean University

Study Documents (Full-Text)

More Information

Publications

Responsible Party:
Gözde İyigün, Faculty member, Eastern Mediterranean University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT03651479
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • 2018/02(a)-08
First Posted:
Aug 29, 2018
Last Update Posted:
Nov 30, 2021
Last Verified:
Nov 1, 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
No
Plan to Share IPD:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
No
Keywords provided by Gözde İyigün, Faculty member, Eastern Mediterranean University
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Pre-assignment Detail
Arm/Group TitleReal Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Arm/Group DescriptionIn the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. real boxing training: In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks.In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. virtual boxing training: In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.
Period Title: Overall Study
STARTED2020
COMPLETED2020
NOT COMPLETED00

Baseline Characteristics

Arm/Group TitleReal Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing GroupTotal
Arm/Group DescriptionIn the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. real boxing training: In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks.In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. virtual boxing training: In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.Total of all reporting groups
Overall Participants202040
Age (Count of Participants)
<=18 years
0
0%
0
0%
0
0%
Between 18 and 65 years
15
75%
13
65%
28
70%
>=65 years
5
25%
7
35%
12
30%
Age (years) [Mean (Standard Deviation) ]
Mean (Standard Deviation) [years]
58.25
(11.19)
60.15
(10.19)
59.20
(10.61)
Sex: Female, Male (Count of Participants)
Female
8
40%
5
25%
13
32.5%
Male
12
60%
15
75%
27
67.5%
Race and Ethnicity Not Collected (Count of Participants)
Count of Participants [Participants]
0
0%
Region of Enrollment (participants) [Number]
Cyprus
20
100%
20
100%
40
100%

Outcome Measures

1. Primary Outcome
TitleWolf Motor Function Test
DescriptionWolf Motor Function Test (WFMT) quantifies upper extremity motor ability through the use of timed and functional tasks. The widely used version of the WMFT consists of 17 items, items 7 and 14 are related to subject strength and the other 15 to subject functional ability during various tasks. Performances are scored using a 6-point functional ability scale and the less affected upper extremity followed by the most affected side. The total score, also referred to as Functional Ability score (WMFT-FAS), is the sum of the 15 items score (with a 6-point ordinal score from 0 to 5). The maximum total score is 75 and minimum is 0. Lower scores indicating lower functional levels.
Time Frame8 weeks

Outcome Measure Data

Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group TitleReal Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Arm/Group DescriptionIn the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. real boxing training: In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks.In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. virtual boxing training: In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.
Measure Participants2020
baseline
68.00
(9.46)
69.65
(3.12)
after treatment
68.65
(3.12)
71.05
(2.56)
Statistical Analysis 1
Statistical Analysis Overview Comparison Group Selection Real Boxing Group, Virtual Boxing Group
Comments
Type of Statistical Test Other
Comments
Statistical Test of Hypothesisp-Value0.004
Comments
MethodWilcoxon (Mann-Whitney)
Comments
2. Secondary Outcome
TitleMinnesota Manual Dexterity Test
DescriptionMinnesota Manual Dexterity Test (MMDT) measures the speed of gross arm and hand movements (arm-hand dexterity) during rapid eye-hand coordination tasks. The MMDT involve five subtests:The Placing Test (1st item: taking the blocks with one hand and putting them in the holes on the board in a standardized order) and Two-hand Turning and Placing Test (5th item: taking the blocks with two hands and putting them in the holes on the board in a standardized order) were the two items selected for this study.The number of seconds it took to complete the task on each of the trials was recorded. The lower the score, the better the outcome.
Time Frame8 weeks

Outcome Measure Data

Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group TitleReal Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Arm/Group DescriptionIn the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. real boxing training: In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks.In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. virtual boxing training: In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.
Measure Participants2020
Mean (Standard Deviation) [seconds]
3.39
(2.53)
2.42
(0.55)
3. Secondary Outcome
TitleVideo Boxing Analysis of Punching
DescriptionVideo Boxing Analysis (VBA) evaluation method was used to evaluate the goal-oriented performance analysis of upper extremity. For boxing analysis patients were videotaped while punching with their right side, punching with side left and punching bilaterally. Than the videotape were watched to analyze and the number of right unilateral punches in 1 minute, number of left unilateral punches in 1 minute and number of bilateral punches in 1 minute were recorded. This analysis were done for the quantitative assessment of punch number per minute (number of punch/minute). This measurement method is created and constructed by the authors of this study. Higher number of punches indicate better outcome on this analysis.
Time Frame8 weeks

Outcome Measure Data

Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group TitleReal Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Arm/Group DescriptionIn the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. real boxing training: In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks.In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. virtual boxing training: In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.
Measure Participants2020
Mean (Standard Deviation) [repetitions per minute]
37.25
(7.54)
40.3
(8.58)
4. Secondary Outcome
TitleFullerton Advanced Balance Scale
DescriptionFullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) scale was developed to evaluate sensitive changes in many aspects of balance. This performance-based scale consists of 10 test items assessing functional balance (static and dynamic) status in older people. The individual test items are: 1. Feet together, eyes closed, 2. Reach forward to retrieve an object, 3. Turn in a full circle, 4. Step up and over a bench, 5. Tandem walk, 6. Stand on one leg, 7. Stand on foam, eyes closed, 8. Two-footed jump, 9. Walk with head turns, 10. Reactive postural control. Each test item is scored using a 0-4 scale. The highest score that can be obtained on this multidimensional balance assessment is 40 points, and the lowest is zero. Higher scores indicate better balance abilities. The FAB scale is quick to administer (~10-12 minutes) and can be administered in a relatively small area.
Time Frame8 weeks

Outcome Measure Data

Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group TitleReal Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Arm/Group DescriptionIn the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. real boxing training: In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks.In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. virtual boxing training: In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.
Measure Participants2020
Mean (Standard Deviation) [score on a scale]
30.20
(4.76)
29.40
(5.40)
5. Secondary Outcome
TitleAddenbrooke's Cognitive Assessment
DescriptionAddenbrook's Cognitive Assessment - Revised (ACE-R) is sensitive in the differential diagnosis of early stage dementia. However, the design and psychometric properties is also suitable to provide information about cognitive functions and cognitive deficits in patients without dementia after a stroke. The ACE-R consists of five domains including attention/orientation, memory, verbal fluency, language and visuospatial ability. The ACE-R total scale score ranges from 0 to 100. The ACE-R subscale scores ranges between; 0-18 points for attention, 0-26 for memory, 0-14 for fluency, 0-26 for language and 0-16 for visuospatial processing. Higher scores indicate better cognitive functioning. ACE- R scale was found as reliable and valid in Turkish population.
Time Frame8 weeks

Outcome Measure Data

Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group TitleReal Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Arm/Group DescriptionIn the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. real boxing training: In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks.In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. virtual boxing training: In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.
Measure Participants2020
Mean (Standard Deviation) [score on a scale]
75.55
(6.39)
75.05
(8.47)
6. Secondary Outcome
TitleFrenchay Activities Index
DescriptionFrenchay Activities Index is a measure of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) for use with patients recovering from stroke. The Frenchay Activities Index (FAI) assesses a broad range of activities associated with everyday life. The benefit of the FAI is that while activities of daily living scales tend to focus on issues related to self-care and mobility. The FAI comprises 15 activities, each of which is scored on a 4-point scale (0 to 3), to yield a total score ranging from 0 (inactive) to 45 (active). Scoring is based on the frequency with which the activities are carried out. It can be broken down into three subscales: domestic chores, leisure/work, and outdoor activities. Each subscale's score ranges from 0 to 15.
Time Frame8 weeks

Outcome Measure Data

Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Arm/Group TitleReal Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Arm/Group DescriptionIn the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. real boxing training: In the real boxing (RB) group in addition to the NDT program, real boxing training will be given. Accordingly, the physiotherapist and the patient will wear boxing gloves and the patients will punch the physiotherapist's glove with a pre-specified treatment protocol. Resistance and frequencies between levels will be increased by the physiotherapist as the sessions progress. The RB group will have 30 minutes of real boxing training for 3 sessions per week for 8 weeks.In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. virtual boxing training: In the virtual boxing (VB) group, in addition to the NDT program, virtual boxing training will be given by using Kinect Xbox Boxing. For the VB group, virtual boxing training will be held for 3 weeks 30 minutes a week for 8 weeks.
Measure Participants2020
Mean (Standard Deviation) [score on a scale]
28.40
(11.53)
25.20
(6.14)

Adverse Events

Time FrameThrough study completion, an average of 6 months
Adverse Event Reporting Description Adverse effect/event reporting was gathered from the patients or the care givers/ family members verbally during the treatment sessions
Arm/Group TitleReal Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Arm/Group DescriptionReal boxing training groupVirtual boxing training group
All Cause Mortality
Real Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Affected / at Risk (%)# EventsAffected / at Risk (%)# Events
Total0/20 (0%) 0/20 (0%)
Serious Adverse Events
Real Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Affected / at Risk (%)# EventsAffected / at Risk (%)# Events
Total0/20 (0%) 0/20 (0%)
Other (Not Including Serious) Adverse Events
Real Boxing GroupVirtual Boxing Group
Affected / at Risk (%)# EventsAffected / at Risk (%)# Events
Total0/20 (0%) 0/20 (0%)

Limitations/Caveats

There were problems caused by technology in the virtual reality therapy group for example; Freezing the image while playing game and the patient's position to move out of the camera area can not be detected

More Information

Certain Agreements

All Principal Investigators ARE employed by the organization sponsoring the study.

There is NOT an agreement between Principal Investigators and the Sponsor (or its agents) that restricts the PI's rights to discuss or publish trial results after the trial is completed.

Results Point of Contact

Name/TitleAsst. Prof. Dr. Gozde Iyigun
OrganizationEastern Mediterranean University
Phone+903926303011
Emailgozde.iyigun@emu.edu.tr
Responsible Party:
Gözde İyigün, Faculty member, Eastern Mediterranean University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT03651479
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • 2018/02(a)-08
First Posted:
Aug 29, 2018
Last Update Posted:
Nov 30, 2021
Last Verified:
Nov 1, 2021