STOP-TIC: Combined CBIT and rTMS to Improve Tourette's Syndrome

Sponsor
University of Florida (Other)
Overall Status
Recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT04795908
Collaborator
(none)
20
1
1
8.5
2.4

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The investigator will apply 16 sessions of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over 4 consecutive days for adult patients suffering from Tourette's Syndrome. Following rTMS, patients will undergo 8 sessions of Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT) over 10 weeks via telemedicine. Clinical improvement in tic severity will be the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcome measures including underlying physiological effects will be measured via functional magnetic resonance imaginge (fMRI), high-density electroencephalograhy (HD-EEG), and TMS.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
  • Device: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
  • Behavioral: Comprehensive behavioral intervention
N/A

Detailed Description

Patients will be randomly assigned to active or sham stimulation, with 10 in each group, followed by 10 weeks of tele-CBIT. Patients will have primary and secondary outcome measures performed at four time points: Baseline (T0), following rTMS (T1), following CBIT (T2), and 1 month later (T3). The rTMS protocol will consist of 6 trains targeted to the supplementary motor area (SMA) lasting 5 minutes each (300 pulses per train) with an intertrain interval of 1 minute for a total duration of 35 minutes (1800 pulses). Patients will receive 4 sessions each day on 4 consecutive days for a total of 16 sessions. Daily duration of this study protocol should last approximately 170 minutes including a 10 minute break in between each session. The sham protocol will be the same except a sham coil will be used instead of an active coil. Following rTMS, patients will undergo 10 weeks of tele-CBIT.

The following outcome measures will be collected at four timepoints (T0, T1, T2, and T3):

Tics will be examined with the standardized Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) and the modified Rush Videotape Tic Rating Scale (mRVTRS), and co-morbid symptoms with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) and Adult ADHD Self-Reports Scale (ASRS). Quality of life will be assessed with the Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome - Quality of Life scale (GTS-QOL).

TMS measures: A single-pulse of TMS will be targeted over the motor cortex to generate a motor evoked potential (MEP), which can be captured on EMG. The rest of the EMG will be analyzed to assess the time between the TMS pulse and the MEP (also known as the latency) and the amount of time muscle activity remains silent following the MEP (also known as the cortical silent period). In a paired-pulse TMS paradigm, a subthreshold pulse will be provided followed by an interstimulus interval and then subsequent delivery of a suprathreshold pulse. When the interstimulus interval is short (1-4 msec), the ratio of MEP amplitudes produced by these two pulses is known as short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI).

fMRI measure: Functional MRI will be used to record Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) activity changes in patients at rest.

HD-EEG measure: A 128-electrode cap will be used to assess electrical activity in patients at rest and actively trying to suppress their tics.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
20 participants
Allocation:
N/A
Intervention Model:
Single Group Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
STOP-TIC Study: Strengthening Tourette Treatment OPtions Using TMS to Improve CBIT
Actual Study Start Date :
Dec 17, 2021
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Sep 1, 2022
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Sep 1, 2022

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
Experimental: Active rTMS Group

Patients will be seated in a comfortable reclined chair. The neurostimulation protocol will include 1-Hz rTMS over the bilateral SMA at 110% resting motor threshold (RMT). The SMA will be identified as 4 cm anterior to the vertex (Cz in standard 10-20 EEG setup). Each session will consist of 6 trains lasting 5 minutes each (300 pulses per train) with an intertrain interval of 1 minute for a total duration of 35 minutes (1800 pulses). Patients will receive 4 sessions each day on 4 consecutive days for a total of 16 sessions. Daily duration of this study protocol should last approximately 170 minutes including a 10 minute break in between each session.

Device: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
rTMS will be delivered using a MagStim Super Rapid2 TMS therapy system.

Behavioral: Comprehensive behavioral intervention
Patients will receive CBIT with a therapist trained in CBIT. Each session will last about an hour and will be delivered remotely via telemedicine. Sessions will be tailed to the patient's individual needs.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Tic severity [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    Tic severity will be measured with YGTSS. YGTSS is a clinician-rated scale used to assess tic severity, scored out of 100 where a higher score indicates greater tic frequency and severity. It includes a checklist of motor and vocal tics followed by an assessment of the number, frequency, intensity, complexity, and inference of motor tics and phonic tics - scored separately. Each of these dimensions is scored on a 0 to 5 scale. The YGTSS provides three tic severity scores: Total Motor (0 to 25); Total Phonic (0 to 25) and the combined Total Tic Severity Score (0 to 50), as well as a separate Impairment dimension scored from 0 to 50.

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. Modified Rush Videotape Tic Rating Scale (mRVTRS) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    This is a tool used by an objective examiner to quantify the severity of a patient's tics by rating the number of body areas affected, motor tic frequency, phonic tic frequency, motor tic severity, and phonic tic severity, each on a 0 through 4 score by watching a video of the patient. Scored out of 20, where a higher score indicates greater tic severity.

  2. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    This is a 21-question survey evaluating depression in patients on a 0 to 3 scale. Scored out of 63 points, where a higher score indicates a higher level of depression.

  3. Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    This is a 21-question survey evaluation anxiety in patients on a 0 to 3 scale. Out of 63 points, where a higher score indicates a higher level of anxiety.

  4. Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    This is a 10 question survey which rates components of obsessive thoughts or compulsive behavior and each question is rated on a 0 through 4 scale. Scored out of 40, where a higher score indicates higher levels of obsessive-compulsive tendencies.

  5. Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    This is an 18-question survey which asks patients to rate levels of attention, concentration, and organization as applied to daily tasks. Surveys are scored according to how many shaded boxes the patient has checked on the form (the more shaded boxes, the more predictive of ADHD).

  6. Functional MRI (fMRI) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) activity changes in patients at rest

  7. Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome - Quality of Life scale (GTS-QOL) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    This is a 27-question survey that asks patients to rate how their tics and abnormal movements affect their quality of life. When answers are converted to a Likert value of 1 through 5, the survey is scored out of 135, with higher scores indicating worse quality of life.

  8. High Density Electroencephalography (EEG) [Baseline (T0), immediately after completion of rTMS (T1), immediately after completion of CBIT (T2), and approximately one month after completion of the intervention (rTMS + CBIT) (T3)]

    A high density electroencephalogram will record a patient's electrical activity of the brain, using 128 electrodes on the scalp. The patient's electrical activity will be recorded under two conditions: at rest and asking the patients to voluntarily suppress their tics. Alpha and beta power bands will be the outcome measure specifically analyzed on the EEG.

  9. TMS measures: Motor Evoked Potential (MEP) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    A single-pulse of TMS will be targeted over the motor cortex to generate a motor evoked potential (MEP), which can be captured on EMG.

  10. TMS measures: Cortical Silent Period (CSP) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    A single-pulse of TMS will be targeted over the motor cortex to generate a motor evoked potential (MEP), which can be captured on EMG. The rest of the EMG will be analyzed to assess the time between the TMS pulse and the MEP (also known as the latency) and the amount of time muscle activity remains silent following the MEP (also known as the cortical silent period).

  11. TMS measures: Short Interval Intracortical Inhibition (SICI) [Through study completion, an average of 3 months]

    In a paired-pulse TMS paradigm, a subthreshold pulse will be provided followed by an interstimulus interval and then subsequent delivery of a suprathreshold pulse. When the interstimulus interval is short (1-4 msec), the ratio of MEP amplitudes produced by these two pulses is known as short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI).

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 85 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
No
Inclusion Criteria:
  • Any patient diagnosed with Tourette Syndrome > 18 years of age with moderate tic severity.

  • Participants will be allowed to continue oral medications that they are taking for TS concurrently but will not be allowed to change their concurrent medication regimen throughout the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Presence of metallic objects or neurostimulators in the brain

  • Pregnancy

  • History of active seizures or epilepsy

  • Contraindications to receiving fMRI, such as claustrophobia

  • Inability to participate in CBIT due to other underlying cognitive or medical condition

Contacts and Locations

Locations

Site City State Country Postal Code
1 Fixel Neurologic Institute Gainesville Florida United States 32608

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • University of Florida

Investigators

  • Principal Investigator: Jessica Frey, MD, University of Florida

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Publications

None provided.
Responsible Party:
University of Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT04795908
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • IRB202002701-A
  • OCR40702
First Posted:
Mar 12, 2021
Last Update Posted:
Jan 27, 2022
Last Verified:
Jan 1, 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
No
Plan to Share IPD:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.:
Yes
Keywords provided by University of Florida
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Jan 27, 2022