CD45RA Depleted Peripheral Stem Cell Addback for Viral or Fungal Infections Post TCRαβ/CD19 Depleted HSCT

Sponsor
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (Other)
Overall Status
Recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT03810196
Collaborator
(none)
30
Enrollment
1
Location
2
Arms
58.1
Anticipated Duration (Months)
0.5
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The major morbidities of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant with non-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched siblings are graft vs host disease (GVHD) and life threatening infections. T depletion of the donor hematopoietic stem cell graft is effective in preventing GVHD, but immune reconstitution is slow, increasing the risk of infections. An addback of donor CD45RA (naive T cells) depleted cells may improve immune reconstitution and help decrease the risk of infections.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Device: CliniMACS Cell Processing System for TCRαβ + T Cell and CD45RA Depleted Peripheral Stem Cell Addback
N/A

Detailed Description

The risk of severe graft versus host disease (GVHD) is increased with the use of unrelated and partially matched related donors. T cell depletion reduces the risk of severe GVHD, but immune reconstitution is delayed. Important memory T cells that may protect patients from fungal and viral infections are also removed in the T depletion process. CD45RA depletion has been studied both as a single step to reduce the risk of GVHD, and also, in conjunction with αβTCR depleted hematopoietic stem cell grafts to accelerate immune reconstitution. This is a single institutional pilot trial of this T cell depletion technique. Patients with acute leukemias at high risk for relapse are eligible to participate. Patients will be given CD45RA depleted donor peripheral stem cells (PSCs) following T depleted hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). A short course of GVHD prophylaxis will be used after CD45RA depletion.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Anticipated Enrollment :
30 participants
Allocation:
Non-Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
CD45RA Depleted Peripheral Stem Cell Addback for Patients at Risk for Viral or Fungal Infections Post TCRαβ/CD19 Depleted Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant
Actual Study Start Date :
Mar 1, 2019
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Jan 1, 2024
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Jan 1, 2024

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Other: TBI regimen

Standard of care myeloablative regimens will be used based on disease type and clinical status at time of transplant. Patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or lymphoblastic lymphoma will receive total body irradiation (TBI) regimen (thiotepa, cyclophosphamide, TBI).

Device: CliniMACS Cell Processing System for TCRαβ + T Cell and CD45RA Depleted Peripheral Stem Cell Addback
Peripheral stem cell (PSC) product will be processed using the CliniMACS device for TCRαβ and T cell depletion. Approximately 10% of the PSCs will undergo CD45RA depletion and cryopreservation. Patients will receive CD45RA depleted infusion after the TCRab PSCT.

Other: TBI or busulfan regimen

Standard of care myeloablative regimens will be used based on disease type and clinical status at time of transplant. Patients not diagnosed with ALL or lymphoblastic lymphoma may receive either total body irradiation (TBI) regimen (thiotepa, cyclophosphamide, TBI) or busulfan containing regimen (thiotepa, cyclophosphamide, busulfan).

Device: CliniMACS Cell Processing System for TCRαβ + T Cell and CD45RA Depleted Peripheral Stem Cell Addback
Peripheral stem cell (PSC) product will be processed using the CliniMACS device for TCRαβ and T cell depletion. Approximately 10% of the PSCs will undergo CD45RA depletion and cryopreservation. Patients will receive CD45RA depleted infusion after the TCRab PSCT.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Incidence of acute graft vs. host disease (GVHD) [Up to 100 days post-transplantation]

    Incidence of acute graft vs. host disease (GVHD) (reaction of donor immune cells against host tissues)

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
N/A to 25 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
No
Inclusion Criteria:
  1. Age: Patients <25 years.

  2. First allogeneic HSCT only.

  3. Disease eligibility: Acute leukemias at high risk for relapse including positive minimal residual disease at end consolidation, high risk cytogenetics, or relapse. Hematologic malignancies including: acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, mixed lineage or bi-phenotypic leukemia, lymphoblastic or Burkitts, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia

  4. Evaluation of organ and infectious status as per our Bone Marrow Transplant standard operating procedure (BMT SOP).

  5. Signed consent by parent/guardian or able to give consent if >18 years.

Exclusion Criteria:
  1. Patients who do not meet institutional disease, organ or infectious criteria

  2. No suitable donor available for mobilized peripheral stem cells

  3. Patients with genetic disorders including Fanconi anemia, Kostmann syndrome, dyskeratosis congenital or other DNA repair defects.

  4. Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma or non-Burkitts, non-lymphoblastic lymphoma

Donor selection and eligibility

  1. Unrelated donor meets National Marrow Donor Program criteria for donation

  2. HLA testing/matching

  3. Donor must be willing to undergo granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GCSF) mobilization and peripheral blood stem cell collection

Contacts and Locations

Locations

SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
1Children's Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaPennsylvaniaUnited States19104

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Investigators

  • Principal Investigator: Nancy Bunin, MD, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Publications

None provided.
Responsible Party:
Nancy Bunin, BMT Medical Director, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT03810196
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • 18-015286
First Posted:
Jan 18, 2019
Last Update Posted:
Mar 22, 2022
Last Verified:
Mar 1, 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
No
Plan to Share IPD:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Mar 22, 2022