Biomarkers, TCM Body Constitution, Dietary Pattern and Psychological Factors in Predicting Depression Among University Students

Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (Other)
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting ID
Anticipated Duration (Months)
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

This study aims to determine the predictors of depression among university students in Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR) Sungai Long Campus.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase

    Detailed Description

    University students are a high at risk group for development of depression. Identifying the determinants of depression could help in the diagnosis and treatment of this disorder. This study will incorporate questionnaire and blood sample data collection procedures on 397 subjects. Written consent will be obtained from the subjects. Eligible subjects will be given self-administered questionnaires which include Patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9), Constitution in Chinese medicine questionnaire (CCMQ), Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS), Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21) - stress and anxiety subscales, Perceived stress scale-10 (PSS-10), Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES), and Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Once the subjects completed the questionnaires, blood samples will be collected from them by a trained phlebotomist. In addition, 10 most high at risk of depression subjects (with PHQ-9 scores 10 and above) and 10 healthy subjects (with PHQ-9 scores lower than 10) will be selected randomly for protein expression to further identify the proteins that significantly expressed among them.

    Study Design

    Study Type:
    Anticipated Enrollment :
    397 participants
    Observational Model:
    Time Perspective:
    Official Title:
    Biomarkers, Traditional Chinese Medicine Body Constitution, Dietary Pattern and Psychological Factors in Predicting Depression Among University Students in UTAR, Malaysia
    Anticipated Study Start Date :
    Jan 1, 2022
    Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
    Aug 1, 2022
    Anticipated Study Completion Date :
    Dec 1, 2022

    Arms and Interventions

    University students

    University students in Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Sungai Long Campus

    Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Genetic, TCM body constitution, psychological factors and dietary pattern are significant predictors for depression among university students. [Baseline]

      Univariate and multivariate logistic regression will be performed.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Prevalence of depression among university students. [Baseline]

      Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9): Non depressed = 0 - 9; Depressed = 10 - 27

    2. Protein significantly expressed between depressed and non-depressed students. [Baseline]

      Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) will be performed.

    Eligibility Criteria


    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years to 30 Years
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Malaysian citizen

    • Able to read and communicate in English

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Special education disability (deaf and blind)

    • Physical support

    • History of infectious diseases

    Contacts and Locations


    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1Universiti Tunku Abdul RahmanKajangSelangorMalaysia43000

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman


    • Principal Investigator: Chai Nien Foo, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information


    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    Foo Chai Nien, Assistant Professor, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Identifier:
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • IPSR/RMC/UTARRF/2019-C2/F01
    First Posted:
    Oct 13, 2021
    Last Update Posted:
    Oct 13, 2021
    Last Verified:
    Sep 1, 2021
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    Plan to Share IPD:
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Oct 13, 2021