The Effect of Reiki on Symptom Control and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of Reiki on symptom control and quality of life in breast cancer patients.
|Condition or Disease||Intervention/Treatment||Phase|
Breast cancer is the world's second most common type of cancer, the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women, and the leading cause of cancer death. Energy therapies have an essential place in complementary and alternative treatments that are commonly used in breast cancer patients. Reiki, practiced by trained practitioners, is performed by activating the body's energy centers, including blood and lymph circulation, and stimulating the nervous system, thus providing energy circulation and providing mental-physical relaxation, positively affecting health. The effect of Reiki on cancer patients has been shown in studies that it can relieve pain, reduce anxiety and depression, improve quality of life and reduce fatigue.
In this study, women with stage 3 and 4 metastatic breast cancer who were diagnosed with breast cancer for at least 3 months and received at least two cycles of chemotherapy in the outpatient chemotherapy unit of the Medical Oncology outpatient clinic of a training and research hospital will be included. It is aimed to reach a total of 52 women who meet the inclusion criteria and agreed to participate in the study between February 1, 2023, and July 30, 2023. Patient Descriptive Information Form, Edmonton Symptom Diagnosis Scale (ESTO), and European Association for Cancer Research and Treatment BR23 Quality of Life Scale (EORTC-QLQ-BR232) preliminary tests will be applied to all women. Patients will be randomized 1:1 into groups by a single therapist according to the block randomization method. Under the guidance of a researcher holding a Usui Reiki Master & Teacher degree, a total of 26 patients in the intervention group will be given a short 30-minute application to energy centers by researchers with a second-degree Reiki practitioner. On the second and on third days, 30 minutes of short Reiki will be done remotely. No treatment will be applied to 26 patients in the control group. Post-tests will be applied to all patients 3 days and 10 days after they were included in the study.
Arms and Interventions
|Experimental: Reiki Group
Patient Descriptive Information Form, Edmonton Symptom Diagnosis Scale (ESTO), and European Association for Cancer Research and Treatment BR23 Quality of Life Scale (EORTC-QLQ-BR232) will be administered to the Reiki group. Then, under the guidance of a researcher holding a Usui Reiki Master & Teacher degree, a total of 26 patients in the intervention group will be given a short 30-minute application to energy centers by researchers with a second-degree Reiki practitioner. On the second and on third days, 30 minutes of short Reiki will be done remotely. After 3 days and 10 days after the patients were included in the study, the post-tests will be performed by calling the patients.
Reiki, a non-invasive, free and safe complementary therapy method, is practiced with a series of hand positions held on the patient's body to help balance the life force energy.
|No Intervention: Control Group
Patient Descriptive Information Form, Edmonton Symptom Diagnosis Scale (ESTO), and European Association for Cancer Research and Treatment BR23 Quality of Life Scale (EORTC-QLQ-BR232) will be administered to the control group. No treatment will be applied to the patients. Post-tests will be applied to all patients 3 days and 10 days after they were included in the study.
Primary Outcome Measures
- Patient Descriptive Information Form [Baseline]
The form created by the researchers included 11 questions covering the sociodemographic and medical characteristics.
- Change from Edmonton Symptom Diagnosis Scale [Change from baseline Edmonton Symptom Diagnosis Scale at 3rd days and 10th days]
It was developed by Bruera et al. in 1991. Ten symptoms are questioned as pain, fatigue, nausea, sadness, anxiety, insomnia, loss of appetite, well-being, shortness of breath and other problems. In the Turkish validity and reliability study of the scale, 3 additional symptoms (changes in the skin and nails, sores in the mouth, numbness in the hands) were added to the other problems section in line with the literature information. The patient is asked to match his symptoms with a number that he thinks is most suitable for him from the numbers from 0 to 10. The number 0 indicates no symptoms, the number 10 indicates that the symptom is very severe. Pre-chemotherapy Cronbach α value of ESAS was 0.83; Cronbach's α ESAS after chemotherapy is 0.76.
- Change from European Association for Cancer Research and Treatment BR23 Quality of Life Scale [Change from baseline European Association for Cancer Research and Treatment BR23 Quality of Life Scale at 3rd days and 10th days]
The scale is a quality of life scale specially prepared for breast cancer by the European Cancer Research and Treatment Organization. It can be applied to all breast cancer patients, regardless of the stage of the disease and the treatment method. Its Turkish validity and reliability were evaluated by Demirci et al. in 2011. and the Cronbach alpha value was found to be 0.90. This scale is divided into two subgroups as functional and symptom scales. Scoring is made as 1 (none)-4 (very much). Higher functional dimension scores indicate higher quality of life. A high score in the symptoms dimension indicates a low quality of life, and low scores indicate a high quality of life.
- Women with at least 3 months of breast cancer diagnosis, at least two cycles of chemotherapy, and stage 3 and 4 metastatic breast cancer.
Those who have difficulty in responding to the data collection form to be used in the research and have problems in understanding and communicating Turkish,
Those who refuse to answer the Reiki application and data collection tools,
Those who want to leave the research while the research is continuing,
Those who received any supplementary application in the last 6 months will be excluded from the study.
Contacts and Locations
LocationsNo locations specified.
Sponsors and Collaborators
- Ankara Medipol University
- Principal Investigator: Nursemin Unal, Ankara Medipol University
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.
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