Apatinib With Ifosfamide Plus Etoposide for Relapsed or Refractory Osteosarcoma (OAIE)

Peking University People's Hospital (Other)
Overall Status
CT.gov ID
Jiangsu HengRui Medicine Co., Ltd. (Industry)

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

Apatinib has led to positive responses in the treatment of osteosarcoma refractory to first-line chemotherapy. However, apatinib demonstrates only short-lived activity, and the disease control of musculoskeletal lesions is worse than that of pulmonary lesions. This treatment failure has been partly overcome by the addition of ifosfamide and etoposide (IE). We have ever retrospectively compared the activity of apatinib + IE in relapsed or refractory osteosarcoma in two sarcoma centers in China and concluded that for osteosarcoma with multiple sites of metastasis, apatinib + IE demonstrated clinically meaningful antitumor activity and delayed disease progression in patients with recurrent or refractory osteosarcoma after failure of chemotherapy. However to overcome the influence of other interventions on the outcome, we are currently performing a prospective trial to investigate this combination, from which more accurate data on this treatment strategy are expected.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
Phase 2

Study Design

Study Type:
Anticipated Enrollment :
78 participants
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Official Title:
Apatinib in Combination With Ifosfamide and Etoposide (IE) for Relapsed or Refractory Osteosarcoma Progressed Upon First-line Chemotherapy (AIEO): a Prospective, Multiple-centre, Two-arm, Phase 2 Trial
Actual Study Start Date :
Mar 1, 2022
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Jun 30, 2023
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Dec 31, 2023

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
Experimental: Apatinib+IE group

IE: Ifosfamide Plus Etoposide

Drug: Apatinib+IE
apatinib po; ifosfamide ivgtt ; etoposide ivgtt .

Active Comparator: IE group

IE: Ifosfamide Plus Etoposide

Drug: IE
ifosfamide ivgtt ; etoposide ivgtt .

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Progression free survival [2 years]

    from the start of target treatment until disease progression or death, whichever came first.

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. Overall survival [3 years]

    from the date of treatment initiation to death from any cause.

Eligibility Criteria


Ages Eligible for Study:
12 Years to 65 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Inclusion Criteria:
  1. advanced recurrent and refractory osteosarcoma confirmed by histopathology;

  2. initial treatment in the Orthopedic/Oncology Departments of Peking University People's Hospital or Peking University Shougang Hospital;

  3. progression less than 6 months after first-line chemotherapy with a combination of high-dose methotrexate, doxorubicin, cisplatin and ifosfamide (first-line chemotherapy);

  4. measurable lesions according to the Response Evaluation Criteria for Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1) ;

  5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤ 1 ;

  6. acceptable haematologic, hepatic, and renal function.

Exclusion Criteria:
  1. those who had been previously treated with antiangiogenic TKIs and single IE chemotherapy;

  2. those who had severe or uncontrolled medical disorders that could jeopardize the outcomes of the study. These confounding conditions included, cardiac clinical symptoms or disease with left ventricular ejection fraction<50%, and hypertension that could not be well controlled with antihypertensive drugs.;

  3. all patients were assessed by the sarcoma board including a thoracic surgeon with at least 10 years surgical experience. Patients with lung metastases only were carefully assessed for eligibility for metastasectomy, of whom those who were suitable for surgery were excluded from this study;

  4. weight loss of 20% or more before illness;

  5. brain or leptomeningeal metastasis;

  6. surgical procedure or radiotherapy within 4 weeks of enrollment;

  7. activegastroduodenal ulcer, previous condition associated with risk of bleeding or requiring anticoagulation;

  8. proteinuria or hematuria, denutrition with albuminemia <25 g/L;

  9. women who were pregnant or breast feeding, other malignancy;

  10. positive HBV/HCV/HIV serology, and known allergy to the experimental agents.

Contacts and Locations


Site City State Country Postal Code
1 Peking University People's Hospital Beijing Beijing China 100044
2 Peking University People's Hospital Beijing Beijing China

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Peking University People's Hospital
  • Jiangsu HengRui Medicine Co., Ltd.


None specified.

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information


None provided.
Responsible Party:
Peking University People's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • PKUPH-sarcoma 11
First Posted:
Mar 14, 2022
Last Update Posted:
Mar 29, 2022
Last Verified:
Mar 1, 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD:
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
Keywords provided by Peking University People's Hospital
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Mar 29, 2022