FMT for FI: Fecal Microbial Transplantation for the Treatment of Fecal Incontinence in Women
Open label pilot study assessing FMT to treat fecal incontinence in women 50 years of age and older.
|Condition or Disease||Intervention/Treatment||Phase|
||Phase 1/Phase 2|
Fecal incontinence, also known as accidental bowel leakage, is a common condition that is an immense burden to older women, caregivers, and the health care system. The overall goal of this study is to gather pilot data in order to conduct a future randomized controlled trial (RCT) for a novel treatment for fecal incontinence in older women utilizing fecal microbial transplantation (FMT). The investigator's hypothesis is that infusion of intestinal microbiota from healthy donors to older women with fecal incontinence will increase microbial diversity, reduce symptom severity, and improve quality of life. This study is a single arm, open-label clinical trial of FMT for the treatment of fecal incontinence refractory to conservative management. The investigators will measure the impact of FMT on change in symptom severity and quality of life and stool microbial diversity at 4 and 12 weeks after FMT.
Arms and Interventions
|Experimental: FMT Administration
This is a single arm study in which all eligible participants will receive FMT.
Biological: fecal microbial transplantation (FMT)
Fecal microbial transplantation (FMT) is the infusion of intestinal microbiota from healthy donors.
Primary Outcome Measures
- Determine if fecal microbial transplantation leads to clinical improvement in refractory fecal incontinence in older women. [84 days]
Number of subjects that shows significant improvement at 4 weeks after FMT, and will be maintained at 12 weeks, relative to baseline using the St. Mark's Vaizey score, a measure of fecal incontinence severity.
- Determine the safety of FMT administration via naso-gastric tube in older women with FI. [6 months]
Frequency of adverse events, serious adverse events, and adverse events of special interest (including allergic reaction and gastrointestinal symptoms).
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Determine if FMT leads to improved quality of life for subjects. [84 days]
Number of subjects that have an improved quality of life at 4 and 12 weeks, measured by the FIQL scale.
- Determine if the effectiveness of microbial engraftment following fecal microbial transplantation is associated with the degree of clinical improvement. [28 days]
Concentration of Microbiota present at baseline vs at week 4 in subjects that demonstrate a significant improvement at 4 weeks after FMT, relative to baseline using the St. Mark's Vaizey score.
Other Outcome Measures
- Determine whether the baseline microbiota of the subject affects engraftment in fecal microbial transplantation for fecal incontinence. [28 days]
Concentration of microbiota at baseline vs concentration of microbiota at 4 weeks.
Women 50 years of age and older with self-reported fecal incontinence defined as:
Uncontrolled bothersome loss of liquid or solid fecal material that occurs at least weekly over the last 3 months and
Failure of response to conservative management using fiber, diet modification, supervised pelvic floor exercises
Baseline St. Mark's score of greater than or equal to 12
Intolerance, unwillingness or inadequate response to constipating medications
Self-reported current negative colon cancer screening based on the 2016 US preventive Services Task Force recommendation (applies to participants age 50-75). N/A if participant is over 75
Able and willing to sign the informed consent form and agree with study procedures
Known food allergy that could lead to anaphylaxis
Contraindications to naso-gastric tube placement including:
Recent mid-face trauma
History basilar skull fracture
Recent ENT surgery
Known coagulation abnormalities
Esophageal varices and/or esophageal strictures
Untreated prolapse beyond the hymen
History of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (does not include IBS)
Unrepaired rectovaginal fistula/chronic 4th degree laceration
Full thickness rectal prolapse
History of congenital anorectal malformation
History of bowel resection surgery for any indication
Minor anal procedures within 6 months for treatment of accidental bowel leakage (ABL) (injection of bulking agent or radiofrequency energy) or ligation of hemorrhoids
Prior pelvic or abdominal radiation
Diagnosis of cancer of the descending colon or anus
Contacts and Locations
|1||Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania||Philadelphia||Pennsylvania||United States||19104|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- University of Pennsylvania
- Principal Investigator: Uduak U Andy, MD, University of Pennsylvania
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.
- IRB# 834196