Testing the Addition of M6620 (VX-970, Berzosertib) to Usual Chemotherapy and Radiation for Head and Neck Cancer
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of berzosertib (M6620) when given together with cisplatin and radiation therapy in treating patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). M6620 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Chemotherapy drugs, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving M6620 together with cisplatin and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
Assess the safety and tolerability of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) when administered along with weekly cisplatin and radiation therapy (XRT) in patients with locoregionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).
Establish the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of the combination.
Characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib).
Assess for potential drug-drug interaction between M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) and aprepitant.
To observe and record anti-tumor activity. IV. To assess the rate of complete metabolic response (CMR) at 12 weeks post completion of chemoradiation using 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) scans.
To collect archival tumor material for retrospective analysis of association between tissue-based biomarkers and clinical outcome.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of berzosertib.
Patients receive berzosertib intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on day -7 and then weekly on day 2 and cisplatin IV over 30-60 minutes weekly on day 1. Patients also undergo radiation therapy once daily, 5 days a week. Treatment continues for up to 7 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days, every 2 weeks for 3 months, and then every 3 months for 2 years.
Arms and Interventions
|Experimental: Treatment (berzosertib, cisplatin, radiation therapy)
Patients receive berzosertib IV over 60 minutes on day -7 and then weekly on day 2 and cisplatin IV over 30-60 minutes weekly on day 1. Patients also undergo radiation therapy once daily, 5 days a week. Treatment continues for up to 7 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Primary Outcome Measures
- Frequency and grade of toxicity [Up to 2 years]
According to the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0 (NCI CTCAE v. 5).
- Incidence of dose limiting toxicities [Up to completion of radiation therapy]
Graded according to NCI CTCAE v. 5.
- Recommended phase 2 dose [Up to 7 weeks]
Defined as the highest doses of cisplatin and berzosertib safely combined with radiation.
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Pharmacokinetic characteristics of berzosertib [At baseline, 30 and 55 minutes after start of infusion, 5, 15, and 30 minutes and 1, 2, 4, 23, 48, and 72 hours after end of infusion]
Calculating maximum concentration, area under the curve, clearance, half-life, and steady state volume using Wilcoxon (non-parametric) test.
- Overall response rate defined as complete response (CR) + partial response (PR) [From the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented, assessed up to 2 years]
Evaluated by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1.
- Metabolic response rate by fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (PET) [Up to 2 years]
Measured by PET Response Criteria in Solid Tumors.
Other Outcome Measures
- Expression of tissue-based biomarkers as markers of deoxyribonucleic acid damage and predictors of clinical outcome [Baseline]
Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) including paranasal sinus cancers but excluding nasopharyngeal carcinomas
Clinical staged III or IV HNSCC, according to American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th Edition, that is not amenable to surgical resection
Carcinoma of the neck of unknown primary site origin (regardless of HPV/p16 status) is eligible
Age >= 18 years; because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) in combination with cisplatin in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study, but will be eligible for future pediatric trials
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm (>= 2 cm) with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm (>= 1 cm) with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
The effects of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason and because DNA-damage response (DDR) inhibitors as well as other therapeutic agents used in this trial may have teratogenic potential, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and for 6 months after completion of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) administration
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Women of childbearing potential who are sexually active should be willing and able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception throughout the treatment phase of the trial and for up to 6 months following the last administration of study treatment; men who are sexually active must be willing and able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception throughout the treatment phase of the trial and for 6 months after completion of M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) administration
Patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and salivary gland carcinomas are not eligible
Patients who are receiving adjuvant chemoradiation after surgical resection of the primary site of disease
Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
Patients on tacrolimus or any other immunosuppressants with significant interaction with cisplatin
Patient who requires live vaccine administration
Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) or cisplatin
Prior systemic chemotherapy for the current cancer (prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowed)
Prior receipt of radiotherapy that would result in overlap of the new and old radiation therapy fields
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
Ongoing or active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of treatment initiation
Symptomatic congestive heart failure (requiring hospital stay within the last 6 months)
Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
Unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia
Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant women are excluded from this study because M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) as a DNA-damage response (DDR) inhibitor may have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib), breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib); these potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with well-controlled disease, as determined by CD4 count and viral load, who are on antiretroviral therapy that does not contain a strong inducer or inhibitor of CYP3A4 are allowed on trial; HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy with strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions; patients with poorly controlled HIV are not eligible due to the increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy
Definitive clinical or radiographic evidence of distant metastasis or adenopathy below the clavicles
M6620 (VX-970, berzosertib) is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4; therefore, concomitant administration with strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 should be avoided; because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated medical reference for a list of drugs to avoid or minimize use of; as part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
Contacts and Locations
|City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
|University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
|Smilow Cancer Center/Yale-New Haven Hospital
|Smilow Cancer Hospital Care Center-Trumbull
|Emory University Hospital Midtown
|Emory University Hospital/Winship Cancer Institute
|University of Iowa/Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
|University of Kentucky/Markey Cancer Center
|University of Maryland/Greenebaum Cancer Center
|Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center
|Wayne State University/Karmanos Cancer Institute
|Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
|Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
|Case Western Reserve University
|Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
|University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI)
|University of Virginia Cancer Center
|University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center
Sponsors and Collaborators
- National Cancer Institute (NCI)
- Principal Investigator: Taofeek K Owonikoko, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute LAO
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.