A Study to Determine if a New Malaria Vaccine is Safe and Induces Immunity Among Kenyan Adults, Young Children and Infants

Sponsor
University of Oxford (Other)
Overall Status
Active, not recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT03580824
Collaborator
Kenya Medical Research Institute (Other), European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP) (Other)
91
Enrollment
1
Location
3
Arms
37.1
Anticipated Duration (Months)
2.5
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

This is a clinical trial to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of R21/MM in healthy Kenyan participants from the different age groups.Participants will receive 3 vaccinations 4 weeks apart.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Biological: R21 in Matrix- M adjuvant vaccine
Phase 1/Phase 2

Detailed Description

The study includes three age groups:
Group 1: healthy adults (18-45 years) Group 2: young children (aged 1-5 years) Group 3:

infants (aged 5- <12 months of age) Each group will receive 3 vaccine doses which will be 4-weeks apart.

The trial is funded by The European & Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP), European Union, ref: RIA2016V-1649 MMVC

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Actual Enrollment :
91 participants
Allocation:
Non-Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Masking:
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Treatment
Official Title:
A Phase 1b, Open-label, Age De-escalation, Dose-escalation Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Different Doses of a Candidate Malaria Vaccine; Adjuvanted R21(R21/MM) in Adults, Young Children and Infants in Kilifi, Kenya
Actual Study Start Date :
Apr 30, 2019
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Jun 1, 2022
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Jun 1, 2022

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: Group 1

Group 1 adults (n=20) will be administered 10mcg R21/50mcg Matrix-M vaccine through intramuscular route (into the non-dominant arm).

Biological: R21 in Matrix- M adjuvant vaccine
R21: Protein particle malaria vaccine candidate in Matrix-M: Saponin based vaccine adjuvant.

Experimental: Group 2

Group 2A children 1-5 years (n=3) will be receiving 5mcg R21/25mcg Matrix-M vaccine through intramuscular route (into the left deltoid). Group 2B children 1-5 years (n=17) will be receiving 10mcg R21/50mcg Matrix-M vaccine through intramuscular route (into the left deltoid).

Biological: R21 in Matrix- M adjuvant vaccine
R21: Protein particle malaria vaccine candidate in Matrix-M: Saponin based vaccine adjuvant.

Experimental: Group 3

Group 3A infants 5-<12 months (n=3) will be receiving 5mcg R21/25mcg Matrix-M vaccine through intramuscular route (into the left deltoid). Group 3B infants 5-<12 months (n=3) will be receiving 10mcg R21/50mcg Matrix-M vaccine through intramuscular route (into the left deltoid). Group 3C infants 5-<12 months (n=15) will be receiving 5mcg R21/25mcg Matrix-M vaccine through intramuscular route (into the left deltoid). Group 3D infants 5-<12 months (n=15) will be receiving 10mcg R21/50mcg Matrix-M vaccine through intramuscular route (into the left deltoid). Group 3E infants 5-<12 months (n=15) will be receiving 5mcg R21/50mcg Matrix-M vaccine through intramuscular route (into the left deltoid).

Biological: R21 in Matrix- M adjuvant vaccine
R21: Protein particle malaria vaccine candidate in Matrix-M: Saponin based vaccine adjuvant.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of R21 with adjuvant Matrix-M in healthy adults then children and finally infants. [up to 2 years following vaccination]

    Solicited and unsolicited adverse event data will be collected at each clinic visit from diary cards, clinical review, clinical examination (including observations) and laboratory results. This AE data will be tabulated and frequency, duration and severity of AEs compared between groups. The following parameters will be assessed for all study groups: Occurrence of solicited local reactogenicity signs and symptoms for 7 days following the vaccination Occurrence of solicited systemic reactogenicity signs and symptoms for 7 days following the vaccination Occurrence of unsolicited adverse events for 28 days following the vaccination Change from baseline for safety laboratory measures Occurrence of serious adverse events during the whole study duration

Secondary Outcome Measures

  1. To assess the cellular and humoral immunogenicity of R21 in humans with adjuvant Matrix- M in healthy adults, children and infants. [up to 2 years following vaccination]

    Comparison of immunogenicity (antibody responses) of the R21-Matrix-M1 - adjuvanted vaccination doses and the longevity of responses. ELISA to quantify antibodies to the vaccine components CS, NANP and HBsAb. Flow cytometry assays with intracellular cytokine staining to enumerate and functionally characterise immune cell populations such as effector and memory T cells (e.g. CD4+ and CD8+), T follicular helper cells, regulatory T cells, B cells, plasma cells and dendritic cells ELISPOT for enumeration of antibody-secreting cells (e.g. B and plasma cells)

Eligibility Criteria

Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study:
5 Months to 45 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study:
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Yes
Inclusion Criteria:
  • Healthy adults aged 18 to 45 years (Group 1), Healthy child aged 1-5 years (Group 2), healthy infant aged 5- <12 months (Group 3)

  • Able and willing (in the Investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements

  • Non-pregnant, non-lactating adult female or adult male

  • Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the study

  • Use of effective method of contraception for duration of study for female participants.

For female participants, we will ask them to attend with their family planning records for verification. Effective contraception is defined as a contraceptive method with failure rate of less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly, in accordance with the product label. Examples of these include: combined oral contraceptives; injectable progestogen; implants of etenogestrel or levonorgestrel; intrauterine device or intrauterine system; male partner sterilisation at least 6 months prior to the female subject's entry into the study, and the relationship is monogamous; male condom combined with a vaginal spermicide (foam, gel, film, cream or suppository); and male condom combined with a female diaphragm, either with or without a vaginal spermicide (foam, gel, film, cream, or suppository)

  • Adults with a Body Mass Index (BMI) 18 to 30 Kg/m2; or young children and infants with Z-score of weight-for-age within ±2SD

  • Provide written informed consent

  • Plan to remain resident in the study area for 2 years following last dose of vaccination

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Clinically significant congenital abnormalities as judged by the study clinician.

  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state, including HIV infection; asplenia; recurrent, severe infections and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed).

  • Sickle cell trait or disease or G6PD deficiency.

  • Any history of anaphylaxis in relation to vaccination.

  • Clinically significant laboratory abnormality as judged by the study clinician.

  • Blood transfusion within one month of enrolment.

  • Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three months preceding the planned administration of the vaccine candidate.

  • Participation in another research study involving receipt of an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned use during the study period.

  • Seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or hepatitis C (HCV IgG).

  • Any significant disease, disorder or situation which, in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the participants at risk because of participation in the trial, or may influence the result of the trial, or the participant's ability to participate in the trial.

Contacts and Locations

Locations

SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
1KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research - CoastKilifiKenyaPO Box 230, 80108

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • University of Oxford
  • Kenya Medical Research Institute
  • European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP)

Investigators

  • Principal Investigator: Adrian Hill, University of Oxford

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information

Publications

None provided.
Responsible Party:
University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT03580824
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • VAC073
First Posted:
Jul 9, 2018
Last Update Posted:
Mar 25, 2022
Last Verified:
Mar 1, 2022
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Mar 25, 2022