MANDALAPLİC: The Effect of Mandala Application on Anxiety Level and Caregiver Burden in Palliative Care

Bartın Unıversity (Other)
Overall Status
Active, not recruiting ID

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The caregivers of palliative care patients can also be negatively affected during the palliative care process. Especially family caregivers may experience difficulties in physical, social, economic, and psychological aspects. Non-pharmacological approaches are utilized to cope with these difficulties. The mandala study is one of the non-pharmacological approaches and has been utilized to support patients and caregivers in various illnesses. Mandala is a method that anyone can apply, based on coloring circular patterns. Recent studies have reported that mandala contributes to improving psychological and physiological well-being. This study is designed in a randomized controlled design to examine the effects of mandala application on anxiety levels and caregiver burden in palliative care caregivers. Caregivers who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria will be randomly assigned to two groups using a computer program. Both groups of caregivers will be administered an information form, the STAI XT-1 State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Zarit Burden Interview Scale. Then, the intervention group will be asked to apply mandala twice a week for 30 minutes for one month. After one month, the scales will be administered again. The caregivers in the control group will not receive any intervention, and after one month, the scales will be administered, and mandala application will be suggested. According to G Power analysis, with a Type I error (α) of 0.05 and a power (1-β) of 0.80, the minimum sample size that will meet the requirements is determined to be a total of 86 individuals (experimental: 43, control: 43). Considering potential sample loss, the aim is to reach 45 participants in each group. The statistical analysis of the data will be performed using SPSS version 22.0. Descriptive statistics such as frequency, median, standard deviation, mean, minimum, maximum, percentage, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for normal distribution (N>30), skewness, and kurtosis will be used for sociodemographic characteristics. Correlation tests will be used for scale relationships, and ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, t-test, or Mann-Whitney U test and post-hoc tests will be used for scale comparisons according to independent variables. The significance level will be accepted as p<0.05.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
  • Other: Mandala
  • Other: Routine care

Study Design

Study Type:
Anticipated Enrollment :
60 participants
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
Rondomized Controlled TrialRondomized Controlled Trial
Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose:
Supportive Care
Official Title:
The Effect of Mandala Application on Anxiety Level and Caregiver Burden in Palliative Caregivers: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date :
May 15, 2023
Actual Primary Completion Date :
May 15, 2023
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Dec 15, 2023

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
Experimental: Intervention group

The intervention group will be asked to practice the mandala twice a week, for 30 minutes, for a month. At the end of one month, the scales will be applied again.

Other: Mandala
Mandala work is one of the non-pharmacological approaches and is used to support patients and caregivers in various diseases. Mandala is a method that anyone can apply based on coloring a circular shape.

Placebo Comparator: Control group

Caregivers in the control group will not take any action, and at the end of one month, after the scales have been applied, they will be offered mandala applications.

Other: Routine care
The clinic's routine information will be given to the caregivers of the control group.

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. STAI XT-1 State-Trait Anxiety Scale [4 weeks]

    score anxiety: While the state anxiety scale shows the level of anxiety in a certain situation, the trait anxiety scale evaluates the level of anxiety experienced by the individual regardless of the situation. Scores on both scales range between 20 and 80. High scores indicate high anxiety level, low scores indicate low anxiety level.

  2. Zarit Care Burden Scale [4 weeks]

    Care Burden Scale: The scale, which can be completed by asking the caregivers themselves or the researcher, consists of 22 statements that determine the impact of caregiving on the individual's life. With this, the caregiver/patient relationship, the caregiver's health status, psychological comfort, social life and economic burden can be evaluated. The evaluation of scale, in which all items are clearly stated, is made on the basis of the total score. As the score increases, the burden of care also increases and a maximum score of 88 is obtained from the scale. Points obtained; It was evaluated by grading as (0-20) little/no burden, (21-40) moderate burden, (41-60) severe burden and (61-88) extreme burden.

Eligibility Criteria


Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and Older
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Inclusion Criteria:
  • have reached the age of 18

  • Willingness to participate in the study

  • Being able to read and write

  • Having no problems in verbal communication

  • Providing free care

Exclusion Criteria:
  • Providing paid care

Contacts and Locations


Site City State Country Postal Code
1 Istanbul Atlas University Istanbul Kağıthane Turkey 34000

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Bartın Unıversity


None specified.

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information


None provided.
Responsible Party:
Necmiye ÇÖMLEKÇİ, Principal Investigator, Bartın Unıversity Identifier:
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • 27042
First Posted:
Nov 15, 2023
Last Update Posted:
Nov 15, 2023
Last Verified:
Nov 1, 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD:
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Nov 15, 2023