Real-World Assessment of Clinical Outcomes in Metastatic NSCLC Patients With MET Exon 14 Skipping Mutation and Brain Metastases Treated With Capmatinib
This was a retrospective, noninterventional cohort study of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of metastatic NSCLC with MET Exon 14 skipping mutation and brain metastases (BM) who received treatment with capmatinib in real-world practice settings.
The study population consisted of patients with histologically confirmed stage IIIB, IIIC, or IV MET Exon 14 skipping mutated NSCLC with BM. The date of the initiation of therapy with capmatinib after the date of initial BM diagnosis at or after the initial advanced or metastatic NSCLC diagnosis defined the study index date. The 12-month period before the study index date defined the baseline period to assess baseline demographic and clinical characteristics. Study measures were assessed at the index and during the baseline and postindex date periods. The index date needed to occur between 1 May 2020 and the date of data abstraction, provided the selected patients meet the requirement of a minimum of 6 months follow-up time available after capmatinib initiation; the exceptions to this are those patients who died during this period.
Arms and Interventions
|Asymptomatic Brain Metastases
Patients with Asymptomatic Brain Metastases
Patients receiving Capmatinib
|Symptomatic Brain Metastases
Patient with Symptomatic Brain Metastases
Patients receiving Capmatinib
Primary Outcome Measures
- Time-to-treatment discontinuation (TTD) from treatment initiation until discontinuation of capmatinib line of therapy or death, whichever was earlier [Up to 12 months]
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Real-world overall response rate (rwORR): Percentage of participants with best overall response of either a complete response (CR) or a partial response (PR) to the capmatinib line of therapy [Up to approximately 23 months]
rwORR was assessed per the pseudo-Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 or as assessed by a healthcare professional (HCP), as available. CR: Disappearance of all target lesions; PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions. Best overall response consisted of CR+PR.
- Real-world disease control rate (rwDCR): Percentage of participants with best overall response to the capmatinib line of therapy of either CR+PR or stable disease (SD) [Up to approximately 23 months]
rwDCR was assessed per the pseudo-RECIST version 1.1 or as assessed by an HCP, as available.
- Real-world duration of response (rwDOR): Time from the date of first documented CR or PR to the first documented progression or death due to any cause [Up to approximately 33 months]
CR: Disappearance of all target lesions; PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions.
- Real-world progression-free survival (rwPFS): Time from start of capmatinib therapy until the earliest of a clinically documented systemic disease progression [Up to 12 months]
- Overall survival (OS): Time from start of capmatinib therapy until death [Up to 12 months]
Patient was aged ≥ 18 years at the time of NSCLC diagnosis
Patient had histologically confirmed stage IIIB, IIIC, or IV NSCLC with MET Exon 14 skipping mutation at the time of initial NSCLC diagnosis
Patient had ≥ 1 measurable intracranial lesion after initial diagnosis of BM
Patient was treated with capmatinib after diagnosis of BM (any line)
Patients with characterized Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) and Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) mutations that predict sensitivity to epidermal growth factor receptor therapy, including but not limited to exon 19 deletions and exon 21 mutations
Patients with other known actionable molecular alterations (such as ROS1 translocation or BRAF mutation) who might be candidates to receive alternative targeted therapies
Patients who had been treated with METis in any therapy line before or after the study index date
Patients who had participated in a clinical trial related to treatment for NSCLC at any time before or after the study index date
Contacts and Locations
|1||18 Novartis Investigative Sites in the US||East Hanover||New Jersey||United States||07936-1080|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- Novartis Pharmaceuticals
- Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.