Analysis of Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy

Assiut University (Other)
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting ID

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The aim of the study is to analyse the risk factors involved in the development of diabetic retinopathy.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
  • Diagnostic Test: slit lamb & OCT

Detailed Description

Introduction Worldwide, diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness among working age adults [1]

Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is a group of conditions in which elevation and dysregulation of blood glucose levels result from either decreased production of insulin or systemic resistance to insulin's effects.

Economic costs of diabetes in the. U.S. in 2012. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(4):1033-46.

Insulin resistance, which often precedes type 2 diabetes, is a component of the metabolic syndrome. Those with diabetes are more likely to have other components of the metabolic syndrome including abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, prothrombotic state, and a proinflammatory state [2] Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program. (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III) final report. Circulation. 2002;106(25):3143-421

Another key point for the development of vascular lesions is the capillary basement membrane thickening as a result of hyperglycemia, increased synthesis of basement membrane components and other factors. This thickening of the basement membrane is related to excess vascular permeability that leads to leaky vessels, compromised tight-junctions and increased vesicular transport [3]

Although major risk factors-hyperglycemia and hypertension-are extensively studied and show a strong association with DR

Some studies indicate that prolonged DM duration is indeed a well-established risk factor for DR [4-5]. Regarding microalbuminuria, studies report its association as a marker of microvascular dysfunction and DR [6-7], however further studies are needed to confirm this relationship [6]. Other risk factors such as body mass index (BMI) show controversies in relation to its association with this disease [8]. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for DR.

Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in adults living in developed countries.9 Almost all patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) and more than 60% of patients with type 2 DM will develop some degree of retinopathy after a 20-year history of diabetes.10 It has also been well established that DM increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Study Design

Study Type:
Anticipated Enrollment :
50 participants
Observational Model:
Time Perspective:
Official Title:
Analysis of Risk Factors in the Development of Diabetic Retinopathy in Assuit University Hospital
Anticipated Study Start Date :
Jun 1, 2024
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Oct 1, 2024
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Jun 1, 2025

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. aeffect of risk factors in progression of diabetic retinopathy. [baseline]

    analysis of risk factors affecting progression of diabetic retinopathy and test if they can be modified or not.

Eligibility Criteria


Ages Eligible for Study:
30 Years to 70 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Inclusion Criteria:
  • Inclusion criteria:

All patients with confirmed DR , best-corrected visual acuity BCVA (using a Snellen chart) in each eye to allow the performance of the protocol, and intraocular pressure less than 21 mmHg.

• . proliferative diabetic retinopathy with or without high-risk characteristics (HRCs) (any three of the following):

  • presence of neovessels

  • location of the neovessels (at the optic nerve)

  • size of the neovessels: if at the optic nerve [neovascularisation of the disc (NVD)] ≥ ¼-⅓ disc area if elsewhere in the retina [neovascularisation of the retina elsewhere (outside the disc) (NVE) ≥ ½ of the disc area (if both NVD and NVE present, classified based on neovessels at the disc)

  • presence of pre-retinal haemorrhage or vitreous haemorrhage. About half of patients with severe or very severe NPDR will progress to PDR within a year.

Symptoms include sudden de crease of V/A , appearance of flashes and floaters, visual field defects.

Exclusion Criteria:
  • The exclusion criteria were: DM other than T2DM (such as gestational diabetes); known severe mental illness; a separate advanced or terminal condition; and severe advanced diabetic complications defined as being registered blind, requiring dialysis, or having had an above-the-knee amputation

Contacts and Locations


No locations specified.

Sponsors and Collaborators

  • Assiut University


None specified.

Study Documents (Full-Text)

None provided.

More Information


None provided.
Responsible Party:
Dalia Mohamed Mahmoud Asem, resident doctor, Assiut University Identifier:
Other Study ID Numbers:
  • risk factors of DR
First Posted:
Dec 4, 2023
Last Update Posted:
Dec 4, 2023
Last Verified:
Nov 1, 2023
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:

Study Results

No Results Posted as of Dec 4, 2023