SARS-COV-2-Spike-Ferritin-Nanoparticle (SpFN) Vaccine With ALFQ Adjuvant for Prevention of COVID-19 in Healthy Adults

Sponsor
U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command (U.S. Fed)
Overall Status
Active, not recruiting
CT.gov ID
NCT04784767
Collaborator
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) (U.S. Fed), Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine (Other)
29
Enrollment
1
Location
6
Arms
30.8
Anticipated Duration (Months)
0.9
Patients Per Site Per Month

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, reactogenicity, and immune response of the SpFN COVID-19 vaccine with Army Liposomal Formulation QS21 (ALFQ) adjuvant in healthy adults ages 18-55.

Condition or DiseaseIntervention/TreatmentPhase
  • Biological: 25 µg SpFN_1B-06-PL + ALFQ (QS21 Adjuvant)
  • Drug: Sodium chloride, USP, for injection (0.9% NaCl)
  • Biological: 50 µg SpFN_1B-06-PL + ALFQ (QS21 Adjuvant)
Phase 1

Detailed Description

This clinical protocol outlines a first-in-human study of the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of different doses of SpFN_1B-06-PL + ALFQ prophylactic vaccine against COVID-19 in healthy adults. The experimental vaccine in this study contains 2 parts: the vaccine (called SpFN_1B-06-PL) and an experimental adjuvant called ALFQ. An adjuvant is a substance added to vaccines that can help to make the vaccine more effective by improving the immune response or causing the immune response to last longer. The experimental vaccine in this study does not contain the virus and cannot cause you to become infected with the COVID-19 disease.

A total of 72 healthy adult participants (age range 18-55) will be enrolled in this study.

Participants will be enrolled into one of three study arms:

Arm 1: 25 µg of SpFN_1B-06-PL vaccine with 0.5 mL ALFQ adjuvant in a total 1.0 mL injection volume (20 participants) or Placebo (4 participants) on Study Days 1, 29, and 181.

Arm 2: 50 µg of SpFN_1B-06-PL vaccine with 0.5 mL ALFQ adjuvant in a total 1.0 mL injection volume (20 participants) or Placebo (4 participants) on Study Days 1, 29, and 181.

Arm 3: 50 µg of SpFN_1B-06-PL vaccine with 0.5 mL ALFQ adjuvant in a total 1.0 mL injection volume (20 participants) or Placebo (4 participants) on Study Days 1 and 181.

Participants will:
  • Be randomly assigned to get either the experimental COVID-19 vaccine or a placebo

  • Receive 2 or 3 vaccine or placebo injections in the same arm muscle

  • Record any side effects that they may experience for 7 days after receiving the injections.

  • Have blood, nose swabs, and saliva samples collected at each visit.

  • Have urine samples collected for pregnancy testing (females only).

  • Undergo medical and physical examinations.

  • Answer questions about potential exposures to COVID-19 in their daily life.

The duration of this study will be for about 18 months.

Study Design

Study Type:
Interventional
Actual Enrollment :
29 participants
Allocation:
Randomized
Intervention Model:
Parallel Assignment
Masking:
Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose:
Prevention
Official Title:
A PHASE 1, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Immunogenicity of Ranging Doses of SARS-COV-2-Spike-Ferritin-Nanoparticle (SPFN_1B-06-PL) Vaccine With Army Liposomal Formulation QS21 (ALFQ) for Prevention of COVID-19 in Healthy Adults.
Actual Study Start Date :
Apr 5, 2021
Anticipated Primary Completion Date :
Oct 30, 2022
Anticipated Study Completion Date :
Oct 30, 2023

Arms and Interventions

ArmIntervention/Treatment
Experimental: 1A: 25 µg of SpFN + ALFQ on Days 1, 29 and 181.

Up to 20 participants will receive 25 µg of SpFN_1B-06-PL vaccine with 0.5 mL ALFQ adjuvant in a total 1.0 mL injection volume.

Biological: 25 µg SpFN_1B-06-PL + ALFQ (QS21 Adjuvant)
SpFN_1B-06-PL will be provided in a sterile, 2 mL single-use vial at 0.7 mL/vial, 90-110 ug/mL; ALFQ will be provided in a sterile 3 mL vial at 0.6 mL/vial
Other Names:
  • 25 µg SpFN + ALFQ
  • Placebo Comparator: 1B: Placebo (Sodium chloride, USP, for injection (0.9% NaCl) on Days 1, 29 and 181.

    4 participants will receive 1.0mL of normal saline as Placebo on Study Days 1, 29, and 181.

    Drug: Sodium chloride, USP, for injection (0.9% NaCl)
    Normal saline will be provided in a sterile, single-use 10 mL vial
    Other Names:
  • Placebo
  • Experimental: 2A: 50 µg of SpFN + ALFQ on Days 1, 29, and 181.

    Up to 20 participants will receive 3 intramuscular injections of: 50 ug of SpFN_1B-06-PL with 0.5 mL ALFQ adjuvant.

    Biological: 50 µg SpFN_1B-06-PL + ALFQ (QS21 Adjuvant)
    SpFN_1B-06-PL will be provided in a sterile, 2 mL single-use vial at 0.7 mL/vial, 90-110 ug/mL; ALFQ will be provided in a sterile 3 mL vial at 0.6 mL/vial
    Other Names:
  • 50 µg SpFN + ALFQ
  • Placebo Comparator: 2B: Placebo (Sodium chloride, USP, for injection (0.9% NaCl) on Days 1, 29, and 181.

    4 participants will receive 1.0mL of normal saline as Placebo on Study Days 1, 29, and 181.

    Drug: Sodium chloride, USP, for injection (0.9% NaCl)
    Normal saline will be provided in a sterile, single-use 10 mL vial
    Other Names:
  • Placebo
  • Experimental: 3A: 50 µg of SpFN + ALFQ on Days 1 and 181.

    Up to 20 participants will receive 2 intramuscular injections of: 50 ug of SpFN_1B-06-PL with 0.5 mL ALFQ adjuvant.

    Biological: 50 µg SpFN_1B-06-PL + ALFQ (QS21 Adjuvant)
    SpFN_1B-06-PL will be provided in a sterile, 2 mL single-use vial at 0.7 mL/vial, 90-110 ug/mL; ALFQ will be provided in a sterile 3 mL vial at 0.6 mL/vial
    Other Names:
  • 50 µg SpFN + ALFQ
  • Placebo Comparator: 3B: Placebo (Sodium chloride, USP, for injection (0.9% NaCl) on Days 1 and 181.

    4 participants will receive 1.0mL of normal saline as Placebo on Study Days 1 and 181.

    Drug: Sodium chloride, USP, for injection (0.9% NaCl)
    Normal saline will be provided in a sterile, single-use 10 mL vial
    Other Names:
  • Placebo
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Number of participants with local and systemic reactions [Day 0 to 7 post vaccination]

      Post-vaccination reactions including erythema, induration, pain/tenderness, swelling, limitation of arm movement, fever, tiredness, chills, rash, myalgia, arthralgia, nausea, and headache.

    2. Incidents of treatment-adverse events as assessed by FDA Toxicity grading scale. [Day 0 to 546 post vaccination]

      Number of participants with treatment related adverse events on Day 0 through day 546.

    3. Number of participants with humoral immune response at Study Day 43 (+/- 2). [Day 43 (+/- 2 days)]

      Number of participants with quantitative humoral immune response at Day 43, two weeks after the second SpFN_1B-06-PL + 0.5 mL ALFQ vaccine administration in Arms 1 & 2 and six weeks after the first administration in Arm 3.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Number of participants with binding antibody response rate [Days 8, 15, 29, 43, and 57.]

      The proportion of participants with detectable binding antibody responses, at baseline and at Study Days 8, 15, 29, 43, and 57.

    2. Number of participants with neutralizing antibody response rate [Days 8, 15, 29, 43, and 57.]

      The proportion of participants with neutralizing antibody titers (NAb) titers at ≥50% neutralization cutoff at the lowest level of dilution that optimizes interpretation at baseline and at Study Days 8, 15, 29, 43, and 57.

    3. Number of participants with ACE-2 binding inhibition [Day 0 to 57 post vaccination]

      The proportion of participants with ACE-2 binding inhibition following SpFN_1B-06-PL + ALFQ vaccination.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Criteria

    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years to 55 Years
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    All
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    Yes
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Must be a male or non-pregnant, non-breastfeeding female between the ages of 18 and 55 years, inclusive, at the time of enrollment.

    • Must be willing and able to read, sign, and date the informed consent document.

    • Must demonstrate an understanding of the study with a passing score (90% or greater) on the Test of Understanding (TOU) by the third attempt, before study-related procedures are performed.

    • Must be willing and able to comply with study requirements and be available for follow-up visits for the entire study.

    • Must have the means to be contacted by telephone and/or video for remote follow-up visits as needed.

    • Must have a body mass index (BMI) ≥18.1 kg/m2 and <35.0 kg/m2.

    • Have no previously documented COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 infection

    • Must agree to refrain from donating blood or plasma outside of this study for the duration of participation in this study.

    • Must have acceptable screening laboratory findings: white blood cell (WBC), hemoglobin, platelet count, prothrombin (PT), prothrombin time (PTT), aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatinine, and total bilirubin) within 14 days before Study Day 1.

    • Must be healthy based on the physician investigator's clinical judgment after review of past medical history, medication use, vital signs, and an abbreviated physical examination.

    • Biological females must have a negative urine pregnancy test at screening and a negative urine pregnancy test immediately before each study injection.

    • Biological females of reproductive capacity must use an acceptable method of contraception, beginning 30 days before enrollment, and until at least 60 days after the last study injection.

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Has plans to become pregnant or is currently pregnant or breastfeeding.

    • Seropositive to COVID-19 by binding antibody titer assay.

    • Confirmed positive for active infection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), or presence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg).

    • Has known or suspected congenital or acquired immunodeficiency, or recent history or current use of immunosuppressive therapy.

    • History of organ and or stem cell transplantation.

    • Has a history of malignancy other than squamous cell or basal cell skin cancer, unless there has been surgical excision that is considered to have achieved a cure.

    • Has diabetes mellitus type 1 or type 2 (including cases controlled with diet alone) and/or thyroid disease.

    • Has major psychiatric illness during the last 12 months that, in the physician investigator's opinion, would preclude participation.

    • Has a history of other chronic diseases or conditions

    • Has a current or history of substance abuse that, in the physician investigator's opinion, would preclude participation.

    • Has tattoos, scars, or other marks that would, in the opinion of the physician investigator, interfere with the assessment of the injection site.

    • Has a known allergy or history of anaphylaxis or other serious reaction to a vaccine, vaccine component, or latex.

    • Had major surgery (per the physician investigator's judgment) in the month before screening or has plans to have major surgery during the study.

    • Received blood products or immunoglobulin in the three months before screening or has plans to use during the study.

    • Donated a unit of blood within eight weeks before Study Day 1 or has plans to donate blood during the study.

    • Received an experimental COVID-19 vaccine outside of this study or a COVID-19 vaccine that has been given Emergency Use Authorization from the FDA

    • Received live attenuated vaccine from 30 days before Study Day 1 until 30 days after the last study injection.

    • Received killed or inactivated vaccine from 14 days before Study Day 1 and until 30 days after the last study injection.

    • Received experimental therapeutic agents within three months before the first study injection or has plans to receive any experimental therapeutic agents during the entire course of the study.

    • Concurrent participation in another study requiring blood draws or exposure to investigational or non-investigational vaccine/product (pharmaceutical or device) throughout the study period.

    • Has an acute illness or temperature ≥38.0 degrees Celsius (C)/100.4 degrees Fahrenheit (F) on any study injection day or within 48 hours of planned study injection.

    • In the physician investigator's opinion, is unable to communicate reliably, is unlikely to adhere to study requirements, or has a condition that would limit completion of the study.

    • Is unwilling to have their samples collected and stored for future research.

    • Emergency medical services personnel and healthcare provider with patient contact in potentially high risk/high exposure settings as per screening physician's assessment.

    • Current smoker or inhales vaporized nicotine "Vaping" daily. Current smoker is defined as an adult who has smoked 100 cigarettes in his or her lifetime and who currently smokes cigarettes.

    Contacts and Locations

    Locations

    SiteCityStateCountryPostal Code
    1WRAIR Clinical Trials CenterSilver SpringMarylandUnited States20910

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command
    • Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)
    • Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine

    Investigators

    • Principal Investigator: Paul Scott, M.D., MPH, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information

    Additional Information:

    Publications

    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    NCT04784767
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • S-20-03
    • WRAIR # 2847
    • EID030
    • IND 27301
    First Posted:
    Mar 5, 2021
    Last Update Posted:
    Sep 14, 2021
    Last Verified:
    Sep 1, 2021
    Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
    No
    Plan to Share IPD:
    No
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:
    Yes
    Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:
    No
    Keywords provided by U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of Sep 14, 2021