Tipifarnib and Erlotinib Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH)
Overall Status
CT.gov ID

Study Details

Study Description

Brief Summary

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of tipifarnib and erlotinib hydrochloride in treating patients with solid tumors that have spread to other places in the body. Tipifarnib and erlotinib hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition or Disease Intervention/Treatment Phase
  • Drug: Erlotinib Hydrochloride
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
  • Other: Pharmacological Study
  • Drug: Tipifarnib
Phase 1

Detailed Description

  1. To determine the maximal tolerated dose of R115777 (tipifarnib) in combination with OSI-774 (erlotinib hydrochloride).

  2. To describe the toxicity profile of this combination. III. To evaluate the effect of OSI-774 on the disposition of R115777. IV. To evaluate in vitro markers of farnesyl transferase (FT) inhibition and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive erlotinib hydrochloride orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 (days 8-28 of course 1 as of 11/4/2013) and tipifarnib PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. (Closed to accrual as of 2/2/06)

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 3 months.

Study Design

Study Type:
Actual Enrollment :
29 participants
Intervention Model:
Single Group Assignment
None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose:
Official Title:
Phase I Trial of R115777 and OSI-774 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date :
May 20, 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date :
May 7, 2008
Actual Study Completion Date :
May 16, 2018

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/Treatment
Experimental: Treatment (erlotinib hydrochloride, tipifarnib)

Patients receive erlotinib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-28 (days 8-28 of course 1 as of 11/4/2013) and tipifarnib PO BID on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. (Closed to accrual as of 2/2/06)

Drug: Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cp-358,774
  • OSI-774
  • Tarceva
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies

    Other: Pharmacological Study
    Correlative studies

    Drug: Tipifarnib
    Given PO
    Other Names:
  • R115777
  • Zarnestra
  • Outcome Measures

    Primary Outcome Measures

    1. Incidence of all adverse events, graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common (NCI) Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 [Up to 30 days after last study treatment]

      The number and severity of all adverse events (overall, by dose-level, and by tumor group) will be tabulated and summarized in this patient population. The grade 3+ adverse events will also be described and summarized in a similar fashion.

    2. Incidence of toxicity graded according to NCI CTCAE version 3.0 [Up to 3 months]

      Overall toxicity incidence as well as toxicity profiles by dose level, patient and tumor site will be explored and summarized. Frequency distributions, graphical techniques and other descriptive measures will form the basis of these analyses.

    Secondary Outcome Measures

    1. Best response as assessed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [Start of the treatment until disease progression/recurrence, assessed up to 3 months]

      Best Response is defined to be the best objective status recorded from the start of the treatment until disease progression/recurrence (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started). Responses will be summarized by simple descriptive summary statistics delineating complete and partial responses as well as stable and progressive disease in this patient population (overall and by tumor group).

    2. Time until any treatment related toxicity [Up to 30 days after last study treatment]

    3. Time until treatment related grade 3+ toxicity [Up to 30 days after last study treatment]

    4. Time until hematologic nadirs (white blood cells, ANC, platelets) [Up to 3 months]

    5. Time to progression [Up to 3 months]

    6. Time to treatment failure [Time from registration to documentation of progression, unacceptable toxicity, or refusal to continue participation by the patient, assessed up to 3 months]

    Other Outcome Measures

    1. Inhibition of EGFR from tumor biopsies [Up to day 21 of course 1]

      Any change in these measures will be summarized descriptively within each patient and as whole group.

    2. Inhibition of FT from tumor biopsies [Up to day 21 of course 1]

      Any change in these measures will be summarized descriptively within each patient and as whole group.

    3. Incidence of any genetic polymorphisms [Up to day 21 of course 1]

      Assessed and summarized descriptively in those patients treated at the MTD.

    Eligibility Criteria


    Ages Eligible for Study:
    18 Years and Older
    Sexes Eligible for Study:
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
    Inclusion Criteria:
    • Histologic proof of cancer that is unresectable and for which no standard life-prolonging therapy is available

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/uL

    • Platelet count (PLT) >= 100,000/uL

    • Total bilirubin =< 2 mg/dL

    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

    • Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN

    • Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9.0 g/dL

    • Ability to provide informed consent

    • Willingness to return to Mayo Clinic Rochester for follow up

    • Life expectancy >= 12 weeks

    • At maximum tolerated dose (MTD) only: tumor that is amenable for serial biopsy

    • Medically capable and willing to provide the biologic specimens as required by the protocol Note: The goals of this study include assessment of the biologic effects on surrogate markers of the agent(s) being tested and are, therefore, contingent upon availability of the biologic specimens; patients with pre-existing clinical contraindications (e.g. anticoagulant therapy) for biopsy will be excluded from participation in the study; however, those patients who develop a major complication associated with the first biopsy (e.g. bleeding) or who develop clinical contraindications (e.g., anticoagulant therapy) after entry on study may remain on the study without the requirement for further tissue biopsies; this stipulation only applies to the 12 patients enrolled in Cohort II at MTD; the stipulation for provision of biologic specimens, as noted above, excludes the optional pharmacogenomic specimen

    Exclusion Criteria:
    • Known standard therapy for the patient's disease that is potentially curative or definitely capable of extending life expectancy

    • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 2, 3, or 4

    • Uncontrolled infection

    • Any of the following prior therapies:

    • Chemotherapy =< 4 weeks prior to study entry

    • Mitomycin C/nitrosoureas =< 6 weeks prior to study entry

    • Immunotherapy =< 4 weeks prior to study entry

    • Biologic therapy =< 4 weeks prior to study entry

    • Hormonal cancer therapy =< 4 weeks prior to study entry

    • Radiation therapy =< 4 weeks prior to study entry

    • Radiation to > 25% of bone marrow

    • Failure to fully recover from acute, reversible effects of prior chemotherapy regardless of interval since last treatment

    • New York Heart Association classification III or IV

    • Patients on enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants (Phenobarbital, Dilantin, or Tegretol)

    • Any of the following:

    • Pregnant women

    • Nursing women

    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception (condoms plus spermicidal agents, diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], or abstinence, etc.)

    • Other concurrent chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, or any ancillary therapy considered investigational (utilized for a non-Food and Drug Administration [FDA]-approved indication and in the context of a research investigation)

    • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

    • Ongoing or active infection

    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure

    • Unstable angina pectoris

    • Cardiac arrhythmia

    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

    • Prior treatment with EGFR targeting therapies (e.g., ZD-1869, EKB-569, OSI-774, CI-1033, GW572016, C225, EMD72000) or Farnesyl transferase inhibitors (R115777, SCH66336, BMS2146632)

    • Major surgery, or significant traumatic injury occurring =< 21 days prior to study entry

    • Abnormalities of the cornea based on history (e.g., dry eye syndrome, Sj√∂gren's syndrome), congenital abnormality (e.g., Fuch's dystrophy), abnormal slit-lamp examination using a vital dye (e.g., fluorescein, Bengal-Rose), and/or an abnormal corneal sensitivity test (Schirmer test or similar tear production test)

    • Gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral or nasogastric medication or a requirement for intravenous (IV) alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, or active peptic ulcer disease

    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy

    • Known brain metastases unless treated with surgery and/or radiation and stable for >= 8 weeks; patient should not be on enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants (Phenobarbital, Phenytoin (Dilantin) or Carbamazepine (Tegretol))

    Contacts and Locations


    Site City State Country Postal Code
    1 Mayo Clinic Rochester Minnesota United States 55905

    Sponsors and Collaborators

    • National Cancer Institute (NCI)


    • Principal Investigator: Julian Molina, Mayo Clinic

    Study Documents (Full-Text)

    None provided.

    More Information


    None provided.
    Responsible Party:
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
    Other Study ID Numbers:
    • NCI-2012-02597
    • NCI-2012-02597
    • CDR0000370818
    • NCI-6014
    • MAYO-MC0212
    • MC0212
    • MC0212
    • 6014
    • P30CA015083
    • U01CA069912
    First Posted:
    Jun 11, 2004
    Last Update Posted:
    May 18, 2018
    Last Verified:
    May 1, 2018
    Additional relevant MeSH terms:

    Study Results

    No Results Posted as of May 18, 2018