Acalabrutinib and Obinutuzumab for the Treatment of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
This phase II trial investigates the how well acalabrutinib and obinutuzumab work in treating patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Acalabrutinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with obinutuzumab may induce changes in body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving acalabrutinib and obinutuzumab may help to control disease progression in CLL patients who have not received treatment for CLL.
|Condition or Disease||Intervention/Treatment||Phase|
- To determine the proportion of patients who have treatment-free remission 6 months after discontinuation of acalabrutinib in patients who complete 24 cycles of frontline therapy.
To determine clinical factors associated with a treatment-free remission of more than 6 months after discontinuation of acalabrutinib.
To determine the treatment-free remission length. III. To evaluate the efficacy of re-treatment with acalabrutinib plus obinutuzumab in patients who relapse.
To characterize the effects of limited-duration acalabrutinib plus obinutuzumab therapy on the clonal architecture as determined by genome-wide genotyping and analysis (GWAs) and whole exome sequencing (WES).
To determine the frequency of BTK and PLCG2 mutation in patients relapsing after limited-duration acalabrutinib plus obinutuzumab therapy.
Patients receive acalabrutinib orally (PO) twice a day (BID) every 12 hours starting on day 1 of cycle 1, and obinutuzumab intravenously (IV) over 4-6 hours on days 1 and 2 of cycle 3, and day 1 of cycles 4-8. Patients who do not achieve a complete response or remission after cycle 8 may receive single-agent acalabrutinib therapy PO BID for an additional 6 cycles at the discretion of their treating physician. Patients who are in partial response or who have stable disease receive an additional 6 cycles of acalabrutinib PO BID and obinutuzumab IV. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days then every 3 months.
Arms and Interventions
|Experimental: Treatment (acalabrutinib, obinutuzumab)
Patients receive acalabrutinib PO BID every 12 hours starting on day 1 of cycle 1, and obinutuzumab IV over 4-6 hours on days 1 and 2 of cycle 3, and day 1 of cycles 4-8. Patients who do not achieve a complete response or remission after cycle 8 may receive single-agent acalabrutinib therapy PO BID for an additional 6 cycles at the discretion of their treating physician. Patients who are in partial response or who have stable disease receive an additional 6 cycles of acalabrutinib PO BID and obinutuzumab IV. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Primary Outcome Measures
- Treatment-free remission [At 6 months after discontinuation of acalabrutinib, up to 4 years]
Defined as the time from discontinuation of acalabrutinib to the date of CLL relapse with active disease.
- Overall response rate [After 6 cycles (each cycle 28 days) of treatment,up to 4 years]
Defined as complete response
- Overall response rate [After 6 cycles (each cycle 28 days) of treatment,up to 4 years]
Defined as partial response
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Clinical factors associated with a treatment-free remission [Up to 6 months after completion of treatment]
Will use Cox's proportional hazards analysis of predictors that have a p value < 0.2 in the univariate analysis. Explanatory variables that were highly correlated will be independently entered into the Cox's regression model. Factors significant in at least one model tested will be taken to be possible independent predictors of relapse risk. Demographic and clinical characteristics will be summarized using descriptive statistics, including means with standard deviations, or medians with ranges, histograms and box-plot. Fisher's exact test and Wilcoxon rank test will be used in the data analyses of categorical and continuous variables, respectively.
- Treatment-free remission length [Up to 6 months after completion of treatment]
The median length of treatment-free remission will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
- Success rate of re-treatment in patients who relapse [Up to 6 months after completion of treatment]
The success rate of re-treatment, along with the 95% confidence interval will be computed, and median length of treatment-free remission will be estimated.
Diagnosis CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) and be untreated
Patients must have an indication for treatment by 2018 International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) Criteria
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
Patients of childbearing potential must be willing to practice highly effective birth control during treatment and for 2 days after the last dose of acalabrutinib or 18 months after the last dose of obinutuzumab, whichever is later
A negative urine pregnancy test (within 7 days of day 1) is required for women with childbearing potential
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) except for patients with bilirubin elevation due to Gilbert's disease who will be allowed to participate
An alanine transferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN
An estimated creatinine clearance (CrCl) of > 30 mL/min, as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation unless disease related
Free of prior malignancies for 2 years with exception of patients diagnosed with basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast who are eligible even if they are currently treated or have been treated and/or diagnosed in the past 2 years prior to study enrollment. If patients had another malignancy of indolent behavior in the past 2 years prior to study enrollment that is expected to be cured with treatment they received such patients can be enrolled, after consultation with the principal investigator
Pregnant or breast-feeding females
Prior CLL/SLL treatment
Known history of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or any uncontrolled active significant infection (eg, bacterial, viral or fungal)
Signs of active hepatitis B or C. Subjects who are hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) positive and who are surface antigen negative will need to have a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Those who are hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive or hepatitis B PCR positive will be excluded. Subjects who are hepatitis C antibody positive will need to have a negative PCR result. Those who are hepatitis C PCR positive will be excluded
Patients with uncontrolled autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) or autoimmune thrombocytopenia (ITP)
An absolute neutrophil count of less than 500/uL, unless disease-related at time of screening for this protocol
A platelet count of less than 30,000/uL at time of screening for this protocol
Clinically significant cardiovascular disease such as uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of heart failure, or any class 3 or 4 cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. Subjects with controlled, asymptomatic atrial fibrillation can enroll. Patients with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) or deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism (DVT/PE) can be included if they had no signs of PAF or DVT/PE in the last 6 months before enrolment. Patients with ongoing atrial fibrillation (AFib) or ongoing PAF or DVT/PE should be excluded
History of stroke or cerebral hemorrhage within 6 months
Known history or evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy within 3 months
Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days
Minor surgical procedures, fine needle aspirations or core biopsies within 7 days prior to day 1. Bone marrow aspiration and/or biopsy are allowed
Serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
Treatment with warfarin (Coumadin) or any other vitamin K antagonist. Patients who recently received warfarin must be off warfarin for at least 7 days prior to start of the study. Patients receiving novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC), also termed direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) are permitted to enroll. Patients who are currently on a vitamin K antagonist must be switched to a non-vitamin K antagonist, such as a NOAC/DOAC
Has difficulty with or is unable to swallow oral medication, or has significant gastrointestinal disease that would limit absorption of oral medication
Known history of drug-specific hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis to study drug (including active product or excipient components)
Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitor/inducer
Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) (in the absence of lupus anticoagulant) > 2 x ULN
Requires treatment with proton pump inhibitors
Concurrent participation in another therapeutic clinical trial
Contacts and Locations
|1||M D Anderson Cancer Center||Houston||Texas||United States||77030|
Sponsors and Collaborators
- M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
- National Cancer Institute (NCI)
- Principal Investigator: Jan A Burger, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Study Documents (Full-Text)None provided.